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The Holocaust Genocide
Transcript of The Holocaust Genocide
Who was Involved?
When and Where it occurred
The Holocaust took place all over Europe, but most concentration camps were located in Germany and Poland. The Holocaust started in 1933, although the actual war didn't take place until 1939. 1933 was the year that Hitler became Chancellor.
How was the Holocaust Resolved?
The Holocaust ended along with World War II, in May of 1945. The camps reached an end when the Soviets came around to liberate the camps. At the end of the war, most camps were expecting the Soviets, so they evacuated the prisoners with the help of "death marches". They would force all prisoners that could still walk to walk miles and miles. They did not feed them, let them sleep. The soldiers were trying to kill them quickly.
Concentration camps seemed to be an efficient way to kill the Jews. Nazis thought it was a great idea. The first camp was built in 1933, the start of Hitler's reign. The largest, and most famous camp is Auschwitz which is located in Poland. It had 8 gas chambers, nearly 50 ovens, which could eliminate nearly 4400 corpses in one single day. Auschwitz was responsible for nearly 1 million Jewish deaths. Auschwitz had the worst living conditions out of any of the camps.
Effects on Region/Surrounding Areas
Jews didn't have the same "consequences" as regular Europeans. They were sometimes publicly beaten or hung, for no specific reason. They all had a curfew in earlier stages of the war, when they were still living in their homes/ghetto. Many Jews couldn't find jobs, or were fired. They had very limited food, and often times moved to ghettos for a cheaper, (somewhat) safer lifestyle.
The most important or significant effect on European countries within the war was rations. Because of the war, many food items didn't have the same availability, so foods had to be evenly spread to families throughout Europe.
The Holocaust was the mass killing of Jews, and other races/religions/beliefs. The Nazi Party were the aggressors in this conflict. It started in 1938, and didn’t ended until 1945 when most camps were liberated.
"Auschwitz Concentration and Death Camp." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Introduction to the Holocaust." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
"The Killing Evolution." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
"Liberation of Nazi Camps." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
"Location of the Holocaust - Google Search." Location of the Holocaust - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"World War II: The Holocaust." The Holocaust. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
Aggressors: The Nazi Party (A predominately
German Political Party)
Victims: Jews, Gypsies, some Poles, Disabled, Rebels/Resisters, Priests and Pastors, and Jehovah's Witnesses
Auschwitz was made up of 3 different camps:
Auschwitz I- "Main Camp" and first camp used by the Germans.
Auschwitz II- Named "Auschwitz II- Birkenau" This is extermination camp, and is where most prisoners were taken to.
Auschwitz III- Also called "Auschwitz-Monowitz" (This is the camp Elie Wiesel was put in).
Jews were taken
by train to reach
Leader of the
Nazi Party and
"Arbeit Macht Frei"
or Work brings Freedom.
Meals at Auschwitz:
-If you didn't have a bowl or cup, you would probably die because you couldn't eat.
-Prisoners were fed three "meals" a day. Which consisted of Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner.
Breakfast: Fake coffee or fake tea
Lunch: A liter of watery soup, could possibly have a potato peel or turnip.
Dinner: Black bread weighing 300 grams.
-It was difficult to stay clean in the conditions of Auschwitz
Clean water was rarely supplied.
Toilets were similar to buckets.
Most prisoners only had one change of clothes.
-This often times caused infections and disease.