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Technology, Mechanization, and Weapons of WWI

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Jim Johnson

on 22 September 2010

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Transcript of Technology, Mechanization, and Weapons of WWI

Technology, Mechaniztion,
and Waepons of WWI Tanks Vehicles Airplanes Submarines Weapons History Of Tanks Tanks have been around since before the first world war.
They were first thought of by Leonardo Davinci In one of his paintings. During the dawn of the 19th century for the worlds first tank to be crafted. Many tanks were built unsuccesfully and it was not until the first World War that the modern day tank was crafted. A Russian man by the name of Dimitri Mendeleev was credited with the creation of the blueprints for the caterpillar wheel design of the tank, but it was the British who actually built the Mark V tank which was widly used during the war. The Role of Tanks During the War Tanks were thought by many to be the machine that would end trench warfare, but that was not so. Tanks were very slow and impractical so they were only used occasionally. Tanks Of the War Triple Alliance The Triple allaince used mainly the German A7V tanks. These tanks were very large and slow, and compared to other tanks they had a very thin armor. They were also one of the last tanks to be employed in the war ariving in 1918. Triple Entente The Triple Entente used two main types of tanks. Originally the tank used was the Mark series tank which was well armored but slow. Later on another tank was added to the ranks which was the Renault FT-17. The Renault was by far the fastest tank of the war, and it was the first one to have a turret on it that could go in a 360 degree circle. There was really only a few tank wars
in the first world war. The largest and first one of these battles would be the battle at Villers-Bretonneux. This battle between the British Mark 4's and the German A7V's. The Germans took the town. Poison Gas Artillery,
Wepons and Firearms The Flame Thrower Villers- Bretonneux History of Poison Gas Poison Gas was first conceived by the French armed forces. They used a form of tear gas but it was dealt in such low quantities that it was hardly even noticed. The Germans caught on quickly and because they had the largest chemical indusry in the world they also had the most access to toxic gases. Using Chlorine gas the Germans managed to defend Ypres. Counter measures began for stopping the efectiveness of poison gases. A variety of cotton pad respirators we're created and many soldiers wore these with motor goggles as gas masks. It was mainly only the Bitish soldiers who got the more effective Smoke Helmet. Chlorine Gas First Poison Gas Gas Masks Mustard Gas Possibly the most cruel gas of ww1 was the German created Mustard Gas. This gas was one of the last ones introduced to the war. It caused the skin to blister, eyes to become very sore, internal and external bleeding, the destruction of the bronchial tubes, and the stripping of the mucus membrane. Possibly the worst part of all was that a victim of Mustard gas had to suffer 4 to 5 weeks before dieng. Aftermath of Poison Gases Had it not been for Germany having such a large access to poison gas the war would have likely ended much earlier. The casualties from poison gas are estimated to be around One and a Quarter million. And even today after the war unexploded ordinance can be found still in ceratin places in Europe. Bombing One of the main uses of the airplane during WW1 was for bombing. An avergae plane could carry a bomb load of almost 1000 kg. Planes back then were very slow compared to planes today and could only fly for 8 hours at a time, so bombing was not as affective as it could have been. Air Battles Germany was the most dominant country in Aviation during the begining of the war. And altough airplanes were mainly only used to scout they were still hostile and could still be used as weapons. This is why "Dogfights" broke out in the sky between aircrafts. Machine guns were mounted onto airplanes so that they could be used as weapons. Because there were only a handful of airplanes during the war, very few airbattles actualy occured in comparison to other battles that happend. World war 1 was the first war where submarines were used as a serious weapon. The Germans used the U-boats to attack either merchant ships or vessels carrying soldiers in the waters that surrounded Britain. U-Boats Counter Measures The British managed later in the war to stop many of the attacks on their vessels by employing Sonar technology and anti-submarine weapons. Depth Caharges were used to destory and sink U-Boats. Conception of the Madern Day Flamethrower Stangely enough flamethrowers have been around since 5th century B.C., but like the tank they were not perfected until the First World War. Germany during the arms race was experimenting with the idea of a machine that created a line of flame by launching a stream of flamming oil. During the war the Germans perfected the flamethrower in creating the Flammenwerfer. First Flamethrower Battle In a small town called Hooge in Falnders the Germans showed for the first time the devastation of the Flamethrower. The Germans planned a sneak attack on the British and using the Flammenwerfer took the town and ended the battle almost instantly killig nearly 1000 British. Heavy Artillery Mounted Machine Gun Artillery Guns and Mortars Mounted machine guns were a large part of trench warfare. Fired from trenches and operated by a crew of people these guns would be fired into the distance destroying anything or anyone in their path. Mortars and artillery guns were large cannon like weapons that fired giant shells that would destroy life and land. Most of the battlefield destruction during the war could likely be attributed to these weapons which anihilated anything in their path. There were some problems a few of them being that it was very difficult to move and to aim these weapons, and it took a long time to reload them. Light Portable Weapons Bolt Rifle The Bolt Rifle was the main weapon of WW1, accoutingg for most of the deaths during the war. Because machine guns back then were not manufatured to be portable, soldiers had to carry semi-automatic rifles as weapons. Bolt Rifles could fire 15 shots per minute and could hit a target at 1400 meters away. Grenades Handguns Handguns were essential to war because of the cramped conditions of trenches during the war.
Handguns next to the rifle were the most widespread weapon used in the war. Some countries used Revolvers, and others used Pistols. Possibly the most famous and effective Handgun of the war was the Mauser Pistol which was fully automatic. Grenades by the end of the war were one of the most deadly and most used weapons of war. Grenades would be thrown into trenches which provided an easy target to kill oposing soldiers. Bombing Teams were assembled by the British which consisted of 8 men: 2 men to throw Grenades, 2 to carry grenades, 2 to guard the group with rifles, and 2 to take over the jobs of dead teammates. Kevin
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