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The Hero's Journey: The Terminology of Myths and Writing
Emily Lotton 12 September 2013
Transcript of The Hero's Journey: The Terminology of Myths and Writing
Literary and Figurative Language Terminology
In Medias Res
A pattern of characteristics in multiple texts
Examples of Archetypes:
a traditional story, esp. one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social happening, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
technique of relating a story from the midpoint, rather than the beginning
The 'greatest' Ancient Greek Poet
a repetitive adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality or characteristic of the person or thing mentioned
The central idea or ideas explored by a work
Good Triumphing Over Evil
Coming of Age
Loss of Innocence
Rags to Riches
Faustian Bargain (Deal with Evil)
Love Conquers All
Written by Homer
8th Century B.C.
Tells of Odysseus' journey home
The "good guy" or "good girl"
Usually endowed with great strength
Sets out on quest to retrieve knowledge, power, or a gift that he or she can then bestow on his or her fellow man
Typically an obstacle the hero must overcome
FOIL: character whose traits are opposite of the hero's in every way, thus highlighting the hero's traits
Villains are not always evil: REMEMBER- They are the opposite of the hero
One who takes care of a person, property, or goods
In many stories, the caretaker is the guardian of the hero who is often an orphan
Alexander the Great
How the text makes the audience feel
A category of composition, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter
Examples of Genre
A collection of books accepted as genuine/exemplary
Words or phrases representing a sensory experience
Comparison of two things without the use of "like" or "as"
Comparison of two things using the words "like" or "as"
Giving inanimate objects or abstract concepts living qualities
An extreme exaggeration for emphasis
Word or phrase used to replace a literal meaning
Fred kicked the bucket: Fred Died
The repetition of consonant sounds, particularly at the beginning of words
Sally sells sea shells...
Placing two things close together to create a contrast
Plot hints provided by the speaker or author to be seen later in the text
A scene that interrupts the plot to take the speaker and audience to a previous time
Word or phrase that refers to people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art outside the text
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one
Repetition of the same pattern of words or phrases within a sentence or passage to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance
How the author or speaker feels about the work
That boy is a weasel.
My computer is running.
I'm so hungry I could eat a horse!
The smell of steaming blueberry muffins flooded my nose.
Skywalker: Darth Vader
Four Score and Seven Years Ago....
Five score years ago...
The Epic Hero
For each trait provided, compose a paragraph that compares our hero, Odysseus, to the trait.
Answer these questions per trait:
Does Odysseus have this trait?
Why or why not?
Prove your claim by providing evidence from our readings.
1. The Epic Hero is superhuman--braver and stronger than "ordinary people"
2. Character typically possesses the character traits most valued by society
Examples of Character Traits
3. Pursues his or her goals in the face of many challenges or setbacks
4. Has human traits and failings that make him seem like a real person
Examples of Failing Traits
6. Reflects the values and ideas of his own culture
Struggles for values and ideas that are important to the culture
Fights against values and ideas that his culture rejects
5. The hero seeks revenge in the end for injustices and wrongs committed against him, his family, and his society (or her)