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The Rock Cycle

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Xondria N Jason Burkett

on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of The Rock Cycle

The Rock Cycle

Kings River Hardwick School
Mrs. Burkett
Right now you may be a hard rock,

but you will become
magma
.

The process you will experience is called
melting
.

Write and draw your own experience.



Lava that flows slow like honey is very viscous.









Viscous means "sticky," just like honey.




Watch this video and close any pop-up adds.







This video shows what you would look like as magma that has left underground and erupted from a volcano to become lava.

Can you figure out if this lava is viscous
or not very viscous?

Remember viscous means sticky and slow.
This is the Rock Cycle.









You are HOT!

The process you experienced was
melting
.

Now you are
magma
.

If you cool and crystallize you will change into an Igneous Rock.

Take a minute to write and draw
what you experienced.

Then wait quietly for instructions.
We need rock on Earth.












A volcano is going to make you into an
Igneous Rock
.


Whether you are magma, sedimentary rock, metamorphic rock, or even already an igneous rock you are going to change into a new
Igneous Rock
.

In case you don't know, ignis means "
fire
" in latin.

So you if you are thinking you are going to be on fire, then you are right!

But chill out, you will experience the processes called
cooling and crystallization
.

Igneous Rock
Watch this video of an erupting volcano to see how you will be made.
Look at this cool video
that shows the
10 Most Active Volcanoes in the World
You may
cool and crystallize
inside the Earth
and become an Intrusive Igneous Rock.

If you are an Intrusive Igneous Rock you have lots of time to cool slowly inside the Earth.







Your crystals will be large and coarse grained
like this granite.


You have finally became an
Igneous Rock
.

The process you experienced was
cooling and crystallization
.

For a while you were smoking you were so hot.
Now you can chill for a long time, maybe even a quarter of a million years.

Or you may go on another adventure in the rock cycle.

Take a minute to write and draw what you experienced.

Then wait quietly for instructions.












If you exit from a volcano you will
become an Extrusive Igneous Rock.





You will cool and crystallize
quickly and you will have tiny fine grained crystals like this basalt.
You started out as an Igneous, Metamorphic, or a Sedimentary Rock.

You will become
Sediment
.
The processes you will experience are
weathering and erosion
.

Write and draw your own experience.
Watch this video to see the two kinds of Igneous rocks:

Intrusive Igneous Rocks and Extrusive Igneous Rocks.
So you are an igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary rock just minding your own business.

It's been a pretty relaxing 200,000 years.

All of a sudden, all kinds of weather begins happening to you.




Sediment

You and other rocks are breaking into even smaller pieces called
sediment
.


Watch this video about how the processes
weathering
and
erosion
are different.

Remember...
weathering
is the breaking apart and
erosion
is the moving away.
Sediment
Here's another... this video has cartoons that explain how
weathering
breaks rocks and
erosion
moves the them.
You were a rock.

You were bashed, cracked, and broken down by the process called
weathering
.

Then you were blown through the air, deposited on ground, and moved along by the process called
erosion
.

Now you are
sediment.

Take a minute to write and draw
what you experienced.

Then wait quietly for instructions.
You used to be an an Igneous, Metamorphic, or a different Sedimentary Rock.


Then you broke down into
sediment
through the processes
weathering

and

erosion
.

It will take you a long time... hundreds of thousands of years...
but you will join with sediment, other small rocks, plants, and even shells to become a new
Sedimentary Rock
.



To become
Sedimentary Rock
you will

experience two processes called

compacting
and
cementing
.



Compacting and Cementing

First, the process of
compacting
will smash you together with other sediment and rocks.

Then through the process
cementing
water will fill in any space around you.

The water will make you soft and smash you you with the sediment, rocks, plants, and shells until you can't move at all!

When the water evaporates you dry out. You will harden and find that you are all cemented together into
Sedimentary Rock
.
Weathering

Rain is washing all over you, wind is blowing you into smaller chunks, heat and ice is cracking you up!

You are even getting broken up by people and plants, too.

You are getting broken apart by the process called
weathering
.
Erosion

Then you start getting moved all over the place.

When you get moved from one place to another place that process is called
erosion
.

Some of you are tossed in an ocean, tumbled into a river, pushed by a glacier, and even blown through the air.


You used to be a sedimentary or igneous rock.

You experienced the process
heat and pressure
.

Now "after you changed" you are a
metamorphic rock
.




















Take a minute to write and draw
what you experienced.

Then wait quietly for instructions.

You may be a
sedimentary rock,





metamorphic rock,





or an igneous rock.




You will turn into a very hot liquid under the
Earth's surface called
magma
.

Metamorphic Rock

Let me guess...
You are a sedimentary or igneous rock, right?

Have you ever been a
metamorphic rock
?

In Greek, meta means "after" and morph means "change"


Get ready to see yourself metamorph, which means "after you change!"

Write and draw your own experience.









You are getting pushed deep into the Earth.
You are trying hard to stop yourself but you can't.
Metamorphic Rock
Extra Videos
Video about the identification of rocks:

















Prepare yourself...
because are going to get
heated up and really squeezed
by the processes
heat and pressure
!!!

You are morphing, which means changing, into a metamorphic rock.

Rock Cycle Video Songs
Volcanoes make two different kinds of Igneous Rocks:

Extrusive Igneous Rocks exit the volcano to
cool and crystallize
.

Intrusive Igneous Rocks stay inside to
cool and crystallize
.













Magma
If you become lava that is not
very viscous you will flow
as fast as water.

You will be a river of hot lava.














If you mellow under the Earth's surface you will remain magma.

If you leave through a volcanic eruption you will become lava.

You are the same stuff.

Your name just changes if you escape through a volcano. Weird, huh?

Remember ... your name is magma if you mellow underground
and you'll be lava if you leave.










As lava you can be very glassy.
Listen closely and you can hear
bubbles of glass breaking in this next video.

Close any pop-up ads.







You will burn up everything in your path.

The Rock Cycle is the cycle that breaks down old rocks and recycles them to make new rocks.

It's called a cycle because it goes around and around and never ends.

It can go any direction.
The Rock Cycle has existed
over 4.5 billion years.


Each time a rock changes
into a new rock it could take
200,000 to one million years
before it changes to a
different rock.



Let's go on a journey
through the rock cycle.
Magma
Sediment
Sedimentary Rock







Igneous Rock










There are three main types of rocks:
Igneous, Metamorphic and Sedimentary
Metamorphic Rock
would sink to
the Earth's core

If we didn't have rock...
everything on Earth...
and melt.
Full transcript