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The Progressive Era

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by

Joseph Wood

on 30 March 2014

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Transcript of The Progressive Era

Is America Broken?
Progressives thought so...
Progressives wanted to fix issues caused by the Industrial Revolution and improve the American way of life.
16th Amendment: Income Tax
18th Amendment
What are progressives implying in this cartoon?
What would a progressive say about this situation?
What
would a progressive say about this?
Issue:
Solution:
Business was too powerful
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Regulate big business and break up companies that limit competition.
"We do not wish to destroy corporations but we do wish to make them [serve] the public good."
-Teddy Roosevelt

Issue:
Progressive Response:
Child Labor
Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
Department of Labor Children's Bureau
"If you continue to use the labor of children as the treatment for ... poverty, you will have both poverty and child labor to the end of time.
-Grace Abbott
Issue:
Solution:
The use of Alcohol
Pure Food and Drug Act
Issue:
Solution:
National Park Service
No one is protecting the well being of citizens
Solution:
"Temperance is moderation in the things that are good and total abstinence from the things that are foul."
-Frances E. Willard
Issue:
Solution:
Solution:
Solution:
Underwood Tariff Act
With the Government creating more programs, a new system was created to pay for it.
The Federal Reserve
A national bank that regulated the amount of money available.
"I aimed at the nation's heart, but hit it in the stomach."
-Upton Sinclair
Government regulations and inspections of food
Solution:
Land is set aside parks for public use.
Tenement Housing Law
What was the result?
Protect Social Welfare
Create Economic Reforms
Promote Moral Improvements
YES... So what can we do about it?
“I want all hellions to quit puffing that hell fume in God's clean air.”
-Carry Nation
"Once you eliminated the pusher people will stop drinking because temperance was the natural state of humans."
-Anti-Saloon League
Issue:
The Economy was unstable
Depression
Panics of 1873 and 1893
Bank Failures
Trusts
Monopolies
Political Machines call the shots
Government
"He dispenses places, rewards the loyal, punishes the mutinous, concocts schemes, negotiates treaties. He generally avoids publicity and is all the more dangerous because he sits, like a spider, hidden in his web.
He is a Boss."
Foster Efficiency in
Issue:
Trusts have too much influence
17th Amendment:
Direct Election of Senators
Solution:
Most Famous Example:
William "Boss" Tweed
of New York
Tammany Hall
Primaries allow voters instead of the Machines to decide who the Republican and Democratic candidates will be.
Solution:
Recall
Initiative
Referendum
"Give the power back to the people"
Many state allow Citizens to directly introduce or approve proposed laws
Weak Mayors,
City Commissions, and City Managers
Solution:
The political machine triumphs because it is a united minority acting against a divided majority.
-Will Durant

"Politics is business. That's what's the matter with it."
- Lincoln Steffens

The state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens
Jacob Riis
Upton Sinclair
Ida Tarbell
"The oil men as a class had been brought up to enormous profits, and held an entirely false standard of values."
exposes the business practices of Standard Oil.
Here was a population, low-class and mostly foreign, hanging always on the verge of starvation,and dependent for its opportunities of life upon the whim of men every bit as brutal and unscrupulous as the old-time slave drivers"
-Upton Sinclair
exposed the conditions of the meat packing industry
"Meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one"
exposed the living conditions of the poor in New York City
"Long ago it was said that 'one half of the world does not know how the other half lives.' That was true then. It did not know because it did not care. The half that was on top cared little for the struggles, and less for the fate, of those who were underneath, so long as it was able to hold them there and keep its own seat."
Growth in Public Education
were journalists who wrote about social, environmental, and politiacl problems Americans faced.
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Solution:
Awarded Government jobs based on Merit.
Set basic rules about what had to be in new tenament houses.
Muckrakers
Full transcript