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world war 2

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deep powers

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of world war 2

WORLD WAR TWO Deep, Alva, Jeje
Lino, Clara World war two was known as the great war.
It lasted for over 6 years, from 3 September 1939 when Britain and France declared war against Germany and ended at 1945 (7 may 1945 for Germany and 14 august 1945 for the japan).
100 million people were militarized
50 million people were killed (15 million soldiers, 20 million Russians, 6 million Jews, over 4 million Poles)
The war is between the allies and the axis
World war 2 is by far the deadliest conflict in the human history WORLD WAR TWO ORIGINS OF WAR When Germany invades Poland, they made an excuse so that they don't look like the aggressor
On August 31, 1939 Nazi took an unknown prisoner
Dress him in polish uniform, put him in the border of Germany and Poland and shot him
The prisoner was staged to appear as polish soldier that attacked the Germany radio station
Hitler use this staged attack as the excuse
on september 1 1939, Nazi invade poland (Blitzkrieg) THE EXCUSE ALLIES Germany attacked poland on September 1, 1939
Hitler wanted more land to expand Germany,
Hitler uses the harsh limitations of the Versailles treaty set against Germany to convince the people to start war (the Versailles treaty has caused german's economy to crippled)
Before the start of the war, Hitler have invaded Austria (March 13, 1938) and Czechoslovakia (September 28-29, 1938)
Britain and France did not want to repeat what happened at world war I and Germany was allowed to take Austria and Czechoslovakia without a fight
After attacking Austria and Czechoslovakia, Hitler attacked Poland, Britain and France send Hitler an ultimatum
2 days later, Britain and France declare war against Germany. After German Invasion of Poland:
Poland (1 sept, 1939)
UK (3 sept 1939)
Australia (3 sept, 1939)
New Zealand (3 sept,1939)
France (3 sept 1939)
Union of South Africa (6 sept 1939)
Canada (10 Sept 1939)
Denmark and Norway (9 Apr 1940) After Phoney war:
Belgium (10 may 1940)
Luxembourg(10 may 1940)
Netherlands (10 may 1940)
Greece (28 Oct 1940)
Yugoslavia (6 Apr 1941) After the invasion of USSR:
Soviet Union (25 June 1941)
Tannu Tuva (25 June 1941) After Pearl Harbor:
USA, Panama, and Phillipines (7 dec 1941)
Costa rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua (8 dec 1941)
China, Cuba and Guatemala (9 dec 1941)
Czechoslovakia (16 dec 1941) After declaration of the UN:
Mexico (22 May 1942)
Brazil (22 Aug 1942)
Ethiopia (14 Dec 1942)
Iraq ( 17 Jan 1943)
Bolivia (7 Apr 1943)
Colombia (26 Jul 1943)
Iran ( 9 Sept 1943)
Italy (13 Oct 1943)
Liberia (27 Jan 1944)
Peru (12 Feb 1944) After D-Day:
Romania (22 Aug)
Bulgaria (8 Sept)
Hungary (20 Jan)
Ecuador (2 Feb)
Paraguay (7 Feb) After D-Day:
Uruguay (15 Feb)
Venezuela (15 Feb)
Turkey (23 Feb)
Egypt (24 Feb)
Lebanon (27 Feb)
Syria (27 Feb)
Saudi Arabia (1 Mar)
Finland (3 Mar)
Argentina (27 Mar)
Chile (11 Apr) GERMANY
Hungary (1940-1945)
Romania (1941-1944)
Bulgaria (1941-1944) AXIS Co-Belligerents:
Finland (1941-1944)
Thailand (1942-1945)
Iraq (1941)
San Marino Puppet States:
Monaco Puppet states:
Bohemia and Moravia
Hungary- Szalasi regime
Norway- Quisling regime
Greece Puppet states:
Burma MILESTONES The pact signed in Berlin, Germany, September 27 1940
The pact was signed by Germany Japan and Italian
The three nations agree to stand side by side , cooperate and support each other for 10 years
The pact supplemented the Anti-Comintern pact (anti communist pact) between those countries. TRIPARTITE PACT Germany announced the existance of airforce 1935
Germany remilitarized Rhineland - 1938
Germany invades Austria and Czechoslovakia (march 13 1938, september 28-29 1938)
Nazi and Soviet union sign the non-aggression pact
Invade poland September 1939 (Blitzkrieg)
Battle of Atlantic begins Blitzkrieg means lightning war
It was used by the germans on world war two
It was a tactic based on speed and surprise
It was used in the invasion of poland
the german air attack was so sudden and quick destroyed the poland air force while still on ground BLITZKRIEG Also known as the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact
was signed on August 23 1939
Hitler was preparing to start war
He was planning to acquire poland without fight
To prevent the possibility of facing two side war, Hitler made the non-aggression pact with Soviet Union.
There was the secret protocol in the non-aggression pact
For Soviet Union agreeing not to join the future war, Germany give Soviet Union the Baltic states and dividing Poland into two.
Germany and Soviet Union kept the terms of the pact until Germany's surprise attack and the invasion of Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 THE NAZI- SOVIET UNION NON- AGGRESSION PACT Go to war poster September 1939 to May 1945
Britain need food and supply from other countries
Most of Britain's raw materials come from America and have to cross the Atlantic
German's submarine, the u-boats sunk the merchants ships to starve England out
At the end, there was 5219 ships sunk, 2827 because of the submarine BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC The winter war ended- March 13
Auschwitz, the largest Nazi's death camp was made - May
Germany invades France, Belgium, Netherlands- May 10
Winston Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain as the prime minister of UK
Allies troops were evacuated from Dunkirk, France- May 26
Belgium and Netherlands fallen at the end of May
Italy declares war on France and Britain- June 10
Paris was taken by Germany 2 weeks after Belgium and Netherlands falls
France surrenders to Germany- June 22
Battle of Britain begins- July 10
The United States join the war- September 16
Germany invades Norway and Denmark, Norway fight Germany with the help of France and surrender in June while Denmark surrenders immediately
The war of Japan against US was discussed among the Japanese- October 1940 Winston Churchill, The prime minister of UK War between Russia and Finland
From November 30 1939 until March 13 1940
The war was the result of the Nazi- Soviet Union non-aggression pact
The secret protocol in the non- aggression pact stated that Russia can have more right in east Europe
Russia want to expand it's influence after the fall of Poland to the Baltic states
After the Baltic states have signed the mutual treaty, their next target is Finland
Finland and Russia fought a severe war due to the cold harsh climate WINTER WAR The largest Nazi's death camp
Killed 1.1 million people mostly Jews
One of Nazi's famous concentration camps
The camp was the house of prisoners, the location of medical experiments, a place for severe torture (block 11), the place for execution (black wall), and also the gas chambers
For mass murder, the Nazi uses the gas chamber, poisonous chemical was poured and when the chemical contacted air, it became poisonous gas
these gas chambers would kill 6.000 people each day
they were also forced to do hard labors and was given small portion of foods, many people died starving and because of exhaustion. AUSCHWITZ BATTLE OF BRITAIN The battle between Germany and Britain
Fought solely on air between both countries air force (Germany- Luftwaffe and Britain- RAF)
Germany have lack planes and many pilots
Britain have many planes but lack of pilots
The battle have taken the life of 40.000 people
The Luftwaffe were losing more planes (Luftwaffe 1100 planes and the RAF 650 planes)
Herman Goering, The head of Luftwaffe end the raids
On September 17, Hitler postponed the invasion of Britain by the night time raids and continue the blitzkrieg
The german fought to far from their base and made it inefficient when they want to refuel their planes while the Britain can jut land down and refuel quickly. 1941 Embargoes against Japan by the US
US president, Franklin Roosevelt Sign Lend-Lease bill- March 11
British ship "Hood"was sunk by German's Bismarck- May 24
Bismarck was sunk- May 27
Operation of Barbarossa begins- June 22
Atlantic conference begins- August 9
Surprise attack on Pearl harbor, US navy base on Hawaii, December 7 by the Japanese
Germany and Italy declare war against US- December 11
Within a week of the Pearl harbor attack, Japan invades Philippines, Burma and Hong Kong
Defeat of Mussolini's armies in Greece and Tobruk
German's forces arrived at North Africa-February
German invaded Greece and Yugoslavia-April
Pacific war begins On 1937, Japan invades China
US asked Japan to withdraw it's army from China
Hideki Tojo, Japan's prime minister refuse to withdraw from China
Because of that, the embargoes against Japan begins
US cut off Japan's supply (Scrap metal, oil) for industries and war in 1941
The embargo cause the surprise attack in Pearl harbor, the US naval base in 7 December 1941
A week after that, Japan invades Philippines, Hong Kong and Burma (the western Europe countries colonies)
Because western Europe countries was focused on the Axis in Europe, Japan took this chance to invade and taken over their colonies in Asia. JAPAN AND USA The act that allows the United States of America to lend or lease war supplies to any nation considered vital to the defense of the United States
Winston Churchill, UK's prime minister asked President Franklin Roosevelt to lend them war supplies
The act was debated among the council but then agreed "giving"war supplies to UK and allowing the US to prepare for war while remaining neutral LEND-LEASE ACT Operation barbarossa was Nazi's invasion of Russia
Operation barbarossa was on June 22 1941
It was a blitzkrieg attack
There was three army groups, army group north, center and south
Russia have 4 units of army
It was planned since 1940
The attack consist of three attacks, a major attack at Moscow and Leningrad and a smaller attack on Kiev
After Kiev has fallen, they advanced to Don/Volga region
The fall of sebastopol at the end of October, Moscow at the end of the year
But the russian winter is bitter and made the germans crippled
The soviets counter attacked on December
The eastern front stagnated until spring OPERATION BARBAROSSA Bismarck and Hood Hood is the British's ship that was sunk on May 24 1941
It was commanded by Vice admiral Lancelot Holland
Hood was going together with the new and untried ship, Prince of wales
German's connection was temporarily lost and Hood decided to go after Bismarck
Hood was attacked with a 15 inch shell from Bismarck, causing it to sink
Bismarck is the German's largest ship
It was commanded by admiral Guther Lutjens
After attacking British's hood, British's prince of wales throw fire on Bismarck
Bismarck slowed down and was hit by two torpedo from HMS Dorshetshire and sunk It happened at 7.55AM on December 7 1941
US embargoed the Japanese (scrap iron and fuel)
Because the Japanese are in war with China, they needed supplies
Because Japan signed the tripartite pact with Italy and Germany, US think if they supply Japan, they will be helping Italy and Germany as well
Japan want to invade South east Asia countries to have the supplies needed for war
Japan knew that invading the south east Asia countries will cause war with the US
They bomb the pearl harbor hoping to hold back the United States long enough to allow Japan to have enough resources ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR
Doolittle Raid on Japan- April 18
Battle of Midway begins- June 3
First Battle of El Alamein begins- July 1
Guadalcanal campaign begins- August 2
Battle of Stalingard begins-August 21
Second Battle of El Alamein begins- October 23
Allies invades North Africa (Operation torch)- November 8
Mass murder of Jews at Auschwitz begins
The war Germany against England intensified
Japanese continue their expansion 1942 It begins on June 3 1942
It was the turning point of the pacific war
Happens because Japan continue it's expansion in Asia
Japan vs US
America destroyed Japan's naval strength
Japan destroyed four American aircraft carriers
Japan want to capture the midway island on the western side of Hawaii island
Japan's goal is to have more control of the pacific
Yamamoto, the Japanese commander in chief want to lure out the americans and get control of the main body
Admiral Chester Nimitz, the American commander knew his plans
When the japanese attack the island, US knew about it and attack them
With five minutes, the Japanese has lose half it's carrier force BATTLE OF MIDWAYS The war in the pacific
Japan (Axis) with United States of America (Allies)
Japan intended to take control the pacific PACIFIC WAR The raid on Japan
US air attacked Japan on April 18 1942
The bombing hit Tokyo area
The Japanese don't want these kind of raid to happen again and led them to the decision of the Battle of Midways DOOLITTLE RAID BATTLE OF EL ALAMEIN From August 1942- February 1943
United States and the Pacific allies fought Japanese for the Guadalcanal island
The allies first major offensive action of the Pacific war
They both lost a lot of aircraft and ships, US can replace it immediately while Japan can't
The campaign also helped the battle of midways by weakening Japan's Pacific offense GUADALCANAL
CAMPAIGN BATTLE OF STALINGRAD The battle of El Alamein was located in El Alamein, in Egypt, North Africa
By winning this war, the allies have prevented the axis from occupying Egypt
After the axis victory at the battle of Gazala, tray to take over the allies control over North Africa
The axis was exhausted and cant match the well-equipped allies power.
Hitler refuse to withdraw but then, Rommel the commander withdraw the remainder of his forces Turning point of world war two in Europe
The battle of Stalingrad was fought in the winter of 1942-1943
Stalingrad is a major city, the centre for communication in the south and also the centre of manufacture
On November 19, the Russian counter attacked, they surround the German armies
The cold winter in Russia made the Germans crippled (low on heat, food, and ammunition supply)
By the end of January, Germany surrenders (Army in the southern sector in January 31 1943 , army in the northern group February 2 1943 The allies invasion of North Africa
They want to invade the western europe by invading North Africa
Because of the attack at El Alamein, the Africa Korps ( Germany in Africa) was in retreat
Finally, the Africa Korps surrender OPERATION TORCH Germany surrenders in Stalingrad, first Germany's major defeat-February 2
Warsaw ghetto uprising- April 19
Battle of Kursk- July 5
Mussolini resigns -July 25
Mussolini later was saved by the German task force
He establish fascist republic in the north
Allied victory in North Africa
This event enable the allies to invade Italy
Tunisia as springboard, allies begins to invade Sicily in July
Italy surrenders- September 3
Tehrah conference- November 28
British and Indian forces fight Japan in Burma (Guerilla Campaign)
Atlantic battle continue to rage
27 merchant vessels were sunk by u-boats
Germany faces enormous losses at the u-boats
The battle of Atlantic is over
Russia advance on eastern front
Recapturing Kharkov and Kiev from Germany
They begins to attack Germany with bomb raiding at daylight
US forces overcome Japanese at Guadalcanal and advances to Aleutian islands, New Guinea, and Solomon islands 1943 Allies land at Anzio, central Italy and bomb monastery at monte cassino- January
Germany counter attacked at February
At the end of May, Germany retreat from Anzio
Rome was liberated- June 5
Soviet counter attacked Germany
Drive the Germans 300 miles west from Warsaw
Injured and killed 350.000 soldiers
End of August, Russia taken Bucharest
Taken Estonia within months
By the end of the year taken Budapest
D-Day, Allied invasion of France- June 6
Paris liberated on August 25
Cherbourg liberated on June 25
Also known as operation overlord
The allies surprise landing in 5 normady beaches (6.500 vessels, 130.000 forces and 12.000 aircraft)
Germany was unable to counter attack
Guam liberated by US
Bombing of Iwo Jima
Siege of Leningrad is over after 900 days- January 27
Battle of Philippine sea- June 19
Battle of Leyte gulf begins- October 23
In France, Germany counter offense
Killed and injured 19.000 US soldiers
Delay allies march to Germany 1944 Yalta conference- February 4
Allies bombed Dresden- February 13
German's blitz is over
German's V1 and V2 rocket keeps dropping on London
In exchange, the allies bombed dresden
Battle of Iwo Jima begins- February 19
US invaded Iwo Jima
Japan begins to withdraw from China
Battle of Okinawa- April 1
Franklin Roosevelt died- April 12
Truman becomes president, Attlee replaced Churchill
Battle of Berlin begins-April 16
Mussolini hanged by Italian partisans
Russia reached Berlin - April 21
Hitler commit suicide- April 30
Germany signs the unconditional surrender (VE) - May 7
Postdam conference- July 17
US atomic bomb dropped at Hiroshima - August 6
US atomic bomb dropped at Nagasaki- August 9
Auschwitz liberated by Soviet
Revelation of the insanity of holocaust
More camps liberated in the following months
Japan surrenders- August 14 1945 Nazi regime was brought down
The holocaust was over
United Nations (UN) was formed- October 24 1945
The allies improve the UN from the former LoN (League of Nation)
Meant to kept peace after world war 2
USSR and USA become economically powerful
USSR only damaged on it's west side
USA only send their soldiers, there was no war located in American soil
Woman rights improved
Many countries declares it's independence (including Indonesia) IMPACT FOR THE WORLD Russia reached Berlin on April 21 1945
Mussolini was hanged by Italian partisans on April 28 1945
Hitler commits suicide on April 30 1945
Germany signs unconditional surrender on May 7 and that day was reminded as VE or the victory in Europe
Japan was hit by two atomic bombs by the US
Japan surrenders on 14 August 1945 and ended world war 2 HOW IT ENDED THANK YOU FOR
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