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Transcript of Adverb Clauses
Distance (how far?), Frequency (how often?), and Manner Clauses (how?)
Kinds of Adverb Clauses
Time Clauses and Place Clauses
Reason Clauses and Result Clauses
Reason clauses answer the question "why?"
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
What is a clause?
What is an adverb?
Purpose, Contrast and Conditional Clauses
Can be independent or dependent
Must contain at least a subject and a verb
Purpose clauses- States the purpose of an action in the independent clause.
Find the purpose clause in the two sentences below:
Farmers use chemical pesticides so that they can get higher crop yields.
In order that consumers can enjoy unblemished fruits and vegetables, farmers also spray their fields.
Contrast clauses- two types
Direct opposition- The information in the adverb clause and the information in the independent clause are in direct contrast.
Concession- "unexpected result" clauses because the information in the independent clause is surprising or unexpected.
What are some examples of these types of clauses (look in your charts).
Conditional clauses- States a condition for a result to happen or not to happen. (ex: if, unless)
Think of examples of sentences with conditional clauses.
An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much".
Can you think of examples?
What is an adverb clause?
An adverb clause will meet three requirements:
First, it will contain a subject and verb.
You will also find a subordinate conjunction that keeps the clause from expressing a complete thought.
Finally, you will notice that the clause answers one of these three adverb questions: How? When? or Why?
Example: Tommy scrubbed the bathroom until his arm ached. (What is the adverb clause?)
Can you think of some examples?
Time clauses answer the question "When?"
Place clauses answer the question "Where?"
Clauses of manner answer the question "how?"
Distance clauses answer the question "how far?"
Frequency clauses answer the question "how often?"
Purpose clauses answer the question "For what intention?"
Result clauses answer the question "For what effect?"
Conditional clauses answer the question "Under what circumstance?"
Contrast clauses of direct opposition show how one thing differs from another.
Contrast clauses of concession show an unexpected result
Do you think you will be using adverb clauses in your final paper? Which kinds?
When the action described in the independent clause took place.
as soon as
Sitting with a partner write a sentence with each of these time clauses and write a reason for why you used that time clause
Tells where the action described by the main verb took place.
Directions: Combine each pair of sentences of sentences by using an adverb place clause.
1. People prefer to shop/ credit cards are accepted there.
2. Consumers tend to buy more/ credit cards are accepted for payment of merchandise there.
3. Consumers cannot use credit cards/ they shop there.
4. There are a few places of business/ a credit card is not accepted there.
5. Travelers can use credit cards in foreign countries/ they are accepted there.
Can you think of examples of distance, frequency, and manner clauses? (pg. 226, LAWS)
Expresses the effect or consequence of the information in the independent clause. Follows the independent clause in a sentence.
so + (adj / adv) + that (ex: Joanna's cookie business is so successful that she hired three new employees last week.)
such (a/ a(n)) + (noun) + that (ex: Joanna's cookies are such a success that she is considering franchising the business.)
so much / many + (noun) + that (ex: Running the business takes so much time now that Joanna no longer does the baking herself.)
so little / few + (noun) + that (ex: Joanna's employees have so little free time that they are beginning to complain.)