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SOCI 250A: NEUTRALIZATION THEORY
Transcript of SOCI 250A: NEUTRALIZATION THEORY
Shifting from conventional to deviant values Neutralization Techniques Denial of Responsibility Denial of Injury Denial of the Victim Condemnation of the Condemners Appeal to Higher Loyalties Neutralization Theory Abortion Canada and Abortion 1869 Abortion banned from Canada
taking steps to cause an abortion was an offence liable to life imprisionment
1969 Criminal Law Amendment Act
allowed abortions when health of the woman was in danger; determined by a three-doctor hospital comitee
the term "health" was not defined
1988 R. v. Morgentaler
violated women's rights under section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to "security of a person"
Currently there is no law regulating abortion in Canada An average of 100,000 abortions are carried out annually across Canada since 1988 How do the women cope with their decision? Scientific terminology is used to dehumanize the unborn child (ie. Zygote, Embryo, Fetus) Denial of the Victim Have you done it before? Denial of Injury Appeal to Higher
Loyalties Condemnation of the
Condemners Abortion is the “lesser of two evils” - unhealthy/defective unborn(s) Right-to-Life groups are criticized Rise of Women Rights Group from mid 1960’s gave highly vocal, visible and emotional support for women to abort pregnancies Food for Thought To what extent does the Neutralization Theory prevent guilt, depression and other disorders post-abortion?
Try applying Neutralization Theory to medical professionals (doctors, nurses, etc.) involved in abortion procedures Even the most committed criminals & delinquents are not involved in criminality all the time Criminality is a learned experience movement from one extreme to another
(criminal/deviant behaviour -> conventional behaviour) Critiques of Neutralization Theory ~50% of crimes are a result of alcohol and drug use; these inhibit the ability for criminals to think
Cannot be applied to spontaneous violent crimes
Theory doesn't address the genesis of neutralization techniques
Inconclusive evidence of whether neutralization theory enables youth to become delinquent Denial of Responsibility Unexpected and/or unwanted pregancies as a result of abuse/assult QUESTIONS?