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Jason Liu

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of Feminism

Women's Evolving Roles
In the Progressive Era

Post-Reform Women
After the Progressive Era's reforms and changes, women's roles in America was greatly expanded. Women could now obtain education as 71% of colleges now admitted women and with the increase in education, more jobs became available as women could now become secretaries, clerks and telephone operators. Women who embraced their new opportunities were known as "New Women". New Women are young women who have a college education and are actively engaged in sports and in their society.
Pre-Reform Women
In the late 19th century, women were taught to only stay in the house and to raise children. Even the women who left their homes could only get mediocre jobs as factory workers and domestic servants and received less pay and more abuse then men.
Settlement House Women
Settlement Houses were community houses were mainly women gathered to help out a neighborhood, they would cook food, teach English, and much more. There existed over 400 settlement houses by 1890!
The Hull House
The most famous of the Settlement houses, the Hull house was found by Jane Addams and was located in Chicago. It eventually expanded to encompass 13 buildings which included housing, a gymnasium and even a pool!
Fun Fact: 40% of settlement houses were in Boston, Chicago and New York.
Of the women who had jobs, the majority of them were single women who had to support themselves. This included the widowed, divorced, and those too young to marry.
Reform Movements
Women wanted to reform almost every aspect of society to create a safer and better place for everyone, and they did just that through hundreds of reform groups.
Birth Control
Fun Fact:
Margaret Sanger, the leader of ABCL, was jailed 8 times in her life and even fled to England to escape bail where she lived under the name of Bertha Watson.
A new wave of female suffragists emerged under the leadership of Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the National American Woman's Suffrage Association. The NAWSA organized peaceful protests, pickets, hunger strikes and parades to push for woman's suffrage. They succeeded when Wilson adopted the 19th amendment in 1920.
Fun Fact: Not all women supported suffrage; in fact, the majority of upper-class women opposed suffrage
After the passage of the Comstock Laws, women could no longer have access to birth control information, to combat this, the American Birth Control League was formed to distribute information and birth control information. It's main belief was that children should be willingly created out of love.
Discussion Questions
1. What is the purpose of this poem?

2. What does the author warn about the consequences of females voting?

3. For kicks and giggles, please identify rhyme scheme :)
By: Jason Liu
Fun Fact:
Carry Nation was an extremist in a sister group of the WCTU, the Antisaloon League, who went around with a hatchet and single-handily destroyed saloons.
The Temperance Movement was started after women noticed a connection between alcohol and increasing domestic violence; also, men were spending their pay checks on beer instead of on their family. This led to the formation of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Frances E. Willard, the second president of the WCTU, was the main force of the group. They became the biggest feminine group in the US with 500,000 members under her leadership
Full transcript