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Stress Inoculation Training
Transcript of Stress Inoculation Training
It aims to manage stress using a cognitive behavioural method. Meichenbaum "Like beauty, stress is in the large part, 'in the eye of the beholder' " Stress inoculation training is based on Lazarus and Folkman's model Stressor Primary
Appraisal Harmless? No
To Cope Secondary
Appraisal Harmful? Unable
To Cope STRESS!!! Transactional model As stressors can take many forms, this approach is tailored to the individual needs of the client The idea of inoculation comes from vaccination where a weak dose of disease is thought to provide the body with the ability to fight a future strong dose. Stress inoculation training provides clients a mild form of stress which can increase their perceived ability to cope with chronic stress. Time Limited/Persistent Controllable/Uncontrollable Predictable/Unpredictable Current/Past Stages of SIT First Stage: Conceptualisation
The therapist helps the individual to identify their stresses and how they respond to them. They analyse whether or not their responses were successful. Second Stage: Skill Acquisition and Rehearsal
The therapist helps the individual to develop and practice positive coping statements to be used in stressful situations. Third stage: Application and Follow-Through
The individual begins to apply the newly acquired skills to progressively more difficult situations in the real world.
"I realise that I am most stressed in social situations and I always react by thinking 'I can't handle this." Conceptualisation
"Relax- I'm in control. I just need to focus on the job". Skill Acquisition and Rehearsal
They will try a straight-forward social situation at first such as a chat with collegues in their lunch break. Application and Follow-Through Evaluation Stress inoculation training is a flexible therapy It can be used to deal with many types of stresses It's successful in helping people deal with the stress of chronic pain, performance anxiety, specific phobias, work related stress as well as helping athletes deal with the stress of competition and helping patients prepare for surgery mentally. The technique requires commitment and time before benefits can be experienced. SIT prepares a person for stress in real life situations SIT only suits a particular type of individual Stress is complex, often involving many factors, so one particular technique alone may not be sufficient. Therefore each case should be considered individually. SIT uses a variety of techniques for example Cognitive Coping Strategies, Relaxation, Desensitisation, and Modelling. . .