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Conflict Map: Cyprus

An interactive conflict map describing the situation in Cyprus

Malinda Nafziger

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Conflict Map: Cyprus

Cyprus A small island country in the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey. Inhabited by an ethnic Greek majority and an ethnic Turkish minority. Description Recent History of the Conflict 1974 2008 1983 Turkish forces invade Cyprus, claiming the northern part of the island. Turkish Cypriots unilaterally declare independence. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is formed, and quickly recognized by Turkey. 1997 European Union opens up accession negotiations with Cyprus, raising tensions between the EU and Turkey. These were eased when, in 1999, the EU opened accession negotiations with Turkey. 2004 Cyprus joins the European Union. Turkey continues negotiations. Tensions in Cyprus were exacerbated when a Greek Cypriot ship on an oil excavation in Northern Cyprus was harassed by a Turkish ship. European Union accession negotiations frozen for Turkey. 2012 United Nations General Secretary Ban Ki-moon issues a statement declaring the "last chance for Cyprus reunification lost" and "the UN-led rounds of talks have failed." The EU-funded project "Reconciliation and Peace Economics in Cyprus" also found that "There was little hope for a settlement in the island and the UN-sponsored talks again failed". Cyprus gains EU presidency. Greece Turkey Cyprus Core Parties in the Conflict Greek Cypriots
Turkish Cypriots Cypriot Identity Turkish Minority Recognition Cypriot relations with neighbors: Turkey, European Union Discovery of oil off northern coast of Cyprus: Turkish or European oil? Conflict Issues Had almost consistent control of Cyprus from 9000 BC until Ottoman invasion Ottoman rule over Cyprus during WWI until British control. Greco-Turkish War 1919. Recognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 1998 International Involvement The international community, in the form of the United Nations, the European Union, and the United States, have tried to force the leaders of the conflicting Cypriot parties to come to the negotiation table to create a peaceful solution. Thus far, efforts have not succeeded. Global Level Regional Level State Level At the state level, the conflict is regarding the recognition of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, or how Cyprus can reunify with fair representation of both ethnic groups. At the regional level, it is difficult to interact with Cyprus. The island has caused tension to increase between Greece and Turkey, and by extension, the European Union and NATO. The discovery of oil off the northern Cypriot coast has drawn international attention as the dispute over who owns the oil grows. The dispute over Cyprus makes cooperation between the European Union and NATO virtually impossible. Issues for the Parties Turkish Cypriot Concerns Greek Cypriot Concerns Maintaining Turkish identity and culture
Equal rights and representation as Greek Cypriot citizens Fair balance of government - not too much power to such a small minority
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