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Slang

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Rich Pott

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of Slang

Spoken Language Slang Silent Tasks 1. Think about the way you speak. How does your speech change around different people?

2. Think of as many sayings as you can that your parents say a lot. List them.

3. Think of a friend. Do they have a phrase or saying that they use a lot? What is Slang for? 1. It is subversive and therefore reflects a desire to rebel against the norms of society.

2. It expresses membership of a social group and excludes those outside of it.

3. It can be used for humour or to assert power. Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum;
Si þin nama gehalgod to becume þin ricegewurþe ðin willa on eorðan swa swa on heofonum. urne gedæghwamlican hlaf syle us todæg and forgyf us ure gyltas swa swa we forgyfað urum gyltendum and ne gelæd þu us on costnunge ac alys us of yfele soþlice Oure fadir that art in heuenes,
halewid be thi name;
thi kyngdoom come to;
be thi wille don, in erthe
as in heuene.
Yyue to vs this dai oure breed ouer othir substaunce,
and foryyue to vs oure dettis, as we foryyuen to oure dettouris;and lede vs not in to temptacioun, but delyuere vs fro yuel. Amen. Our Father, which art in heaven,
Hallowed be thy Name.
Thy Kingdom come.
Thy will be done in earth,
As it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our trespasses,
As we forgive them that trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation,
But deliver us from evil.
For thine is the kingdom,
The power, and the glory,
For ever and ever.
Amen. Which Language? (guess if not sure) What has this got to do with Slang? Your Slang Do you use any slang words for the following...? DEBATE Slang should be discouraged in school. For Against H/W

Talk to your parents or somebody older than yourself. What slang did they use when they were younger.

Write words, definitions and your opinion of these words.

Due Thursday The Way We Speak LO: To understand how the way we and others speak can both include and exclude. He sounds dumb! She talks all posh Fresh! Challenge... Think about why people talk differently.

There are 10 main factors that influence the way we speak. In pairs try to list all of them in your books. But of course... We don't use the same speech in every situation. Idiolect A variety of language that is unique to a person, as manifested by the patterns of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation that he or she uses. E.g. A boy in Year 7 used to start everything he said with the word 'basically'. This is a part of his idiolect, his individual way of using the English language when speaking. Copy and complete your own 'Idiolect Chart'
Add some more locations and people. "Size matters not, ... Look at me. Judge me by size, do you?"

"Try not. Do or do not, there is no try."

"Always in motion is the future."

"Help you I can, yes." Just to bring it back to Star Wars... Yoda's Idiolect Dialect/Sociolect Language Idiolect Accent and Dialect LO: To be able to explain the difference between accent, dialect and Standard English.
A Stereotype is a judgment by a person or group of people based on uneducated assumptions and generalisations. Stereotypes. Copy the following:

1. Scottish
2. Geordie
3. Irish
4. Scouse
5. Mancunian
6. Welsh
7. Brummie
8. Urban London
9. Cockney
10. Received Pronunciation Questions
1. Which accent did you dislike/judge the most?
2. What were some of the stereotypes the man in the video was exploiting? Discussion
When you meet someone for the first time, what do you notice the most?

a. The way they look?
b. The way they speak?
c. The way they dress? What are some of the assumptions you make about the following people from how they speak? A. B. Extra 'Received Pronunciation' is the accent most commonly associated with Standard English. It is also known as 'The Queen's English'. Look at these common non-standard ways of speaking. Count how many you use. Slang 2 To be able to define Accommodation Theory and understand arguments for and against Slang. Listen to the following article about Slang titled Mind Your Slanguage Sneak u bin chattin bare breeze bout me blud. Les go to a beef ting innit lyk. Imma murk u, bare machete bled ya get me? Glockingham Palace BMT KMT SN.
1. What are some of the non-standard dialect features of Lauren's speech?

2. If Lauren spoke in a RP accent, would you think of her differently? Why or why not?

3. At the end of Lauren's "tangent", what does Tony Blair do and what theory could it perhaps support?

4. In hearing her 'own language', how does Lauren react? Why do you think she reacts in this way? Questions I do wish you would refrain from casting such aspersions on my good character. Power L.O. To be able to identify features of spoken language related to power. Starter: In pairs, when people want to dominate a conversation, or assert their power, how do they talk? 1. What is the purpose of this conversation?
2. What is the register (or degree of formality) each person uses?
3. Are there any routines that show you who is powerful?
4. What makes one person more powerful than the others in this conversation? Mad Men Your Turn Write your own script in pairs. Decide who will be the most powerful. Use the features you have learnt to make this person sound in charge. Recap LO: To be able to review what we have learnt so far. 1. What is the difference between the following terms:

Accent
Dialect
Idiolect
Standard English

Discuss on tables & write definitions 2. Write down any of the purposes of slang you can remember. 3. What is Accommodation theory? 4. Write your own example of:
a. Multiple negation
b. Pluralisation of 'you'
c. Deletion of preposition
d. Use of 'me' instead of 'my' 5. List as many features of 'power-asserting' language as you can. Spoken Genres LO: To be able to identify different spoken genres and their conventions. Key Words:
Semantic Field
Context
Conventions Focus: Talent Show Contestants What kinds of things do people say in these situations? 1. What key words do they use?
2. What do they want to tell the judges?
3. What message do they have for the
public? A possible Semantic Field of an X Factor contestant... Question

Explore different social attitudes to the ways digital communications are affecting language.

Explore some aspects of the ways your speech changes according to the context you are in. Finally, list a few words and phrases that make up the semantic fields of a

Teacher...



Student... Model Answer LO: To be able to understand the requirements of the Spoken Language Controlled Assessment. Planning Your question is about how your language changes in different contexts.

In pairs, list as many reasons as you can for why you would change the way you speak in different situations. Next, write down 3 different situations where your talk changes significantly. Write these as subheadings, leaving 6 lines between each one.

Ideas: At home with parents (especially useful if you are part of a multilingual family), grandparents, friends, headteacher, people you meet for the first time, religious leaders, girls/boys you fancy,any others you can think of. Some ideas:

To fit in/conform
To show respect/submit to the authority of a powerful person.
To express yourself in a comfortable/relaxed way
To be polite/avoid awkwardness
To give a 'good' impression of yourself Beneath each subheading, list some of the features of your language in these contexts.

e.g. Friends: Slang to conform/express myself naturally, fillers as part of this natural speech and to indicate that my turn is not finished, paralinguistic features such as hand gestures to emphasise what I'm saying and to add energy to the conversation, tag questions to invite my friends to respond to what I'm saying, overlapping and loose turn-taking which makes the conversation flow naturally, exaggerated prosodic features to introduce a sense of humour and liveliness. Controlled Assessment Things to Remember:

1. Paragraph your work. Each section should be divided by a full line. The paragraphs within a section should start on the next line and a few spaces in.

2. You do not need to list as many features as you can. Pick two/three features for each section

3. The higher marks are gained from your explanations. So... Identify a feature you use in a particular situation, give an example of how you use this feature and then explain why you use it in full.

e.g. One reason I think I use this feature is because... Another reason might be that I... I wouldn't use this if I were talking to... because...

4. If you have written transcripts, you can use this as evidence of how your speech changes in different situations. If not, you must write the examples you use in a list on a separate page.
Explore some aspects of the ways your speech changes according to the context you are in.
Work in silence. Raise your hand if you need to ask something.
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