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Northern Renaissance Music
Transcript of Northern Renaissance Music
(c.1505-1585) One of the most famous composers during the Renaissance, Tallis - like the other composers during this time - wrote mostly "sacred" literature, or music having Christian themes or designed for use by a church. Tallis spent most of his career singing with the Chapel Royal , playing the organ, and composing. Tallis' greatest work Late in his career, Tallis answered a challenge from a famed Italian composer Alessandro Striggio to compose a piece better than Striggio's "Ecce beatum lautum". Tallis wrote "Spem in Alium" as the challenge piece. His new composition was so great, Tallis received a heavy golden chain from the fourth Duke of Norfolk after the piece's debut. Tallis' "Spem in Alium" or "Hope in any other" William Byrd
(1543 - 1623) A pupil of Thomas Tallis, Byrd was another noted composer of the English Renaissance. In 1572, he joined the Chapel Royal and shared organist duties with Tallis. Byrd wrote for every instrument known during that time, an act not very common for his position. Most organists would write exclusively for organ and choir. Byrd's most performed and most famous piece is "Sing Joyfully". William Byrd's "Sing Joyfully" Renaissance instruments While the main instruments used were the piano and it's relatives, the other common instruments were very... odd according to our standards. All of the instruments evolved over time into the popular orchestral instruments we have now. The Bladder Pipe A reed instrument like the modern clarinet or saxophone, the bladder pipe was a loud wind instrument that had it's mouthpiece enclosed by an animal bladder. The Crumhorn Soon the bladder was ditched and the crumhorn, meaning "curved horn" came out of the evolution of wind instruments. The Lute The predecessor to the modern day guitar, the lute was the most respected instrument because of its difficulty to master and amount of literature written for solo as well as ensemble playing. The lute boasted fifteen strings and went out of tune very easily. As seen here... Musical Styles The Renaissance brought the debut of polyphonic music (Poly - many, phone - sound). The early polyphonic music became the start of harmony and accompaniment to melodic lines. The main categories of music were sacred music, or music sang in church, and madrigals, or folk songs
Sacred music - Renaissance sacred music style came from the Gregorian chants first used by monks. Text was in Latin and was sung in Catholic Mass settings. Normally the top voices sang the melody and the lower voices provided a harmony and accompaniment. This style is still used in modern hymns today.
Madrigals - were borrowed from Italy and applied to choral groups. Instead of sung a capella like the sacred music, Madrigals were sung with musical accompaniment. The Sacbut Essentially a Renaissance trombone, the instrument was played by vibrating your lips against the metal mouthpiece and pulling a slide to make different notes. The name sacbut literally means push and pull. Pati giue