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Transcript of Scientific Revolution
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Johannes Kepler Newton Hooke What did the Church believe in up until now? Why did people remain faithful to the church? Scientists Early Life
Law of universal gravitation Late life Mathematical Principles of
July 5, 1687
Laws of motion-enables many of the advances of the Industrial Revolution
Law of Universal Gravitation Member of Parliament
Warden of Royal Mint
Died in his sleep on March 20, 1726 Wadham College
assistant to Robert Boyle Gregorian Telescopes Biological Evolution Dilemmas with Newton-Wave theory of light Matter expands when heated Elasticity=Portable Watch Microscopy-CELL!!! Paleontology, Astronomy, Architecture Newton vs. Hooke Aristotelian Ideas The four basic elements of the universe. All elements had there
natural place on earth. Aristotle fifth element of nature He believed there was a fifth element called aether which made up all the things like the heavens. Geocentric Model This was a belief that Earth was the center of the Universe. Why the Church agreed
with these beliefs? Pressure and volume are inversely proportionate; while one doubles, the other halves. They agreed with them mainly because they were easily explainable and easy to understand. Geo centrism was widely believed because in the scriptures it tells us the earth is stationary. New discoveries and advancements. Galileo and his heliocentric ideas. Galileo supported the previous discoveries of Nicholas Copernicus that Earth was revolving around the sun. Galileo's telescope. He was able to confirm this idea by making one of the very first telescopes. By studding Venus and its movement through space he wasable to conclude that the planets were all rotating around the Sun, including Earth. The Churches Reaction to Galileo. The Church immediately responds to his ludicrous beliefs and puts him on trial. Trial 1 and its consequences. He was found innocent but was told to forget these ideas and to never pursue them again. Trial 2 and its consequences. This time he was found guilty at the age of 69 and was sentenced to a life time of house arrest. What was the Scientific Revolution? When? Who? Why/How? Beginning of modern science
Scientific method: Depends upon logic, observation, and reason rather than faith
Created the technologies and techniques that built the modern world
Created paradigm of our solar system
Rediscovery of classical science 1500s-1700s Nicolas Copernicus
Sir Issac Newton
Ingrained Simple Minded Masses
= Church is All-knowing Aftermath Irreparable damage between faith and reason.
The beginning of a new independent era. Church Enraged Nature & The Human Mind
RULE! God isn't so "Almighty" After the Protestant Reformation people started questioning the legitimacy of the church, and how the church explained the world.
If the church isn't right, then what is?
Scientists conducted experiments and used reason to figure things out. Copernicus Born February 19, 1473 in Toruń (Thorn), in Royal Prussia, Poland.
Father was a merchant from Kraków
Mother was the daughter of a wealthy Toruń merchant. His sister Katharina married Barthel Gertner and left five children, whom Copernicus looked after near the end of his life.
Never married or had children
Died on 24 May 1543, the day that he was presented with an advance copy of his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) Galileo Galilei Born in Pisa Italy.
Educated in the Camaldolese Monastery at Vallombrosa.
Was the oldest of 6
Married to Marina Gamba.
Had 3 children, 2 girls, one boy Astronomy Galilean telescope. Could see up to 30x magnification.
Kepler’s Supernova in 1604
Moon Technology Geometric and military compass
Pendulum clock Physics Sound frequency
Motions of bodies
Falling bodies Math Writing Eudoxian theory of proportion
Galileo’s paradox The Little Ballance
Le Operazioni del Compasso Geometrico et Militare
Pisan De Motu
Le Meccaniche QUIZ TIME!