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Henri Matisse

Fine Arts Survey Project

Brooklyn Levy

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse Fauvism Artist Woman with a Hat (Madame Matisse) The Black Table Fauvism An art style
Many brilliant colors
Spontaneous brushstrokes
Paint used straight from tube References http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/fauv/hd_fauv.htm
Henri Matisse's book: Jazz (French, 1869-1954) The Goldfish Types of work Henri Matisse did several types of artwork which include: Paintings
Drawings and sketches
Cut-outs Paintings Bright colors
Sporadic brush strokes Open Window at Collioure Still Life with an Orange Drawings and Sketches Focuses a lot on the woman figure
He considered drawing a very intimate means of expression Repose on the Banquette Bather with Leaves Sculptures Most sculptures completed in between 1900 and 1910
Believed that sculpture was his stepping stone from painting (Dancer 1908) (Jaguar Devouring a Hare 1899-1901) Spent three years working on this sculpture Photography Took photos of what interested him
Used photos to capture objects that may later be used in paintings Lydia Delectorskaya in front
of her easel in a photograph
taken by Matisse. Lydia also
modeled for a number of
Matisse's works. 1935 The window in Collioure which Matisse
painted for his famous Window in
Collioure, 1942. Cut-Outs Very simplistic style and approach
Started after he was diagnosed with Cancer
“I have needed all that time to reach the stage where I can say what I want to say.” Henri Matisse Project for "The Strana Forandola" The Creole Dancer Biography Born on December 31, 1869 in Le Cateau-Cambresis
Started painting in 1889 when his mother gave him a small art kit
He initially failed his drawing exam for admission to the École des Beaux-Arts, but persisted and was finally admitted
Was disliked by Gustave Moreau (an artist who Matisse trained with) because he did not conform to the "artistic rules"
Married Amelie Noellie Parayre
Had 3 children Biography II Fauvism declines but Matisse's fame does not
He visits Morocco to search for inspiration and new ideas in his art
Works on the figure of a woman by hiring people
He and his wife were divorced in 1939 after 41 years of marriage
Delectorskaya (Matisse's Assistant until death) shot herself in the chest with a pistol, but survived
In 1941 Matisse was diagnosed with cancer and, following surgery, he started using a wheelchair.
After surgery, he started doing cut-outs. Biography III During WWII, Matisse had a serious operation
"If all the talented people left France, the country would be much poorer. I began an artist's life very poor, and I am not afraid to be poor again. . . . Art has its value; it is a search after truth and truth is all that counts."
Matisse died of a heart attack at 84 on November 3, 1954 Formal Critique many small, short lines
creates a rough, not-blended texture
a very large variety of colors
value is shown in the many colors
positive space- the woman with hat
negative space- random splashes of color in background
mainly organic shapes and very few geometric shapes http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/21/arts/design/21mati.html?ref=henrimatisse&_r=0
Full transcript