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Improving Gait in Children with Low Muscle Tone

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Terri Brosey

on 5 May 2011

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Transcript of Improving Gait in Children with Low Muscle Tone

Improving Gait in Children with Low Muscle Tone
Carol Dansberger, PT
Terri N. Brosey, PT Target Audience:
Parents
Family Members
Preschool Teachers
Physical Therapists
Occupational Therapists Part 1- Introduction

Is your young child not walking or are they having difficulty keeping up with their friends?

Open the link to take the pre-test to determine your understanding of muscle tone and how it effects your child's movement.

http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/XTV2H7Q
Part 2- Learn More about Muscle Tone

Imagine a rubber band at rest. It maintains its basic shape and is representative of our muscles at rest. When you stretch a rubber band slightly, it becomes a bit more taut. As you do so, you must apply more force to continue stretching and there is less elasticity in the rubber band to pull. Hypertonicity in a muscle is like the partially stretched rubber band. It becomes more difficult to move the muscle and you have less flexibility within which to move. Conversely, a hypotonic muscle is like the rubber band that has been overstretched too long and has too much slack. You have to pull on it slightly to get it to its baseline state and then go beyond that point to generate its effectiveness. Essentially a child who has low muscle tone must use more energy just to achieve a baseline state in the muscles before being able to produce movement. http://screencast.com/t/ga9EZeQgpKDK Part 2- Learn More about Muscle Tone
http://screencast.com/t/ga9EZeQgpKDK Improving Gait in Children with Low Muscle Tone
Terri N. Brosey, PT
Carol Dansberger, PT Target Audience:
Parents, Family members,
Preschool Educators,
Physical Therapists,
Occupational Therapists Part 1: Introduction and Pre-test

Is your young child not walking?
Does he have trouble keeping up with other
children his age?
Have you been told he has low muscle tone?

Open the link below to take the pre-test to determine your understanding
of muscle tone and how it effects your child's movement.
http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/XTV2H7Q

Part 2- Learn More about Muscle Tone

http://www.screencast.com/users/TerriBro/folders/Jing/media/ab144a03-1ce0-4340-a17d-2bc756f3e39d
Watch the Medical Video-Muscle Strength and Tone
http://www.medicalvideos.us/play.php?vid=124

Think....Is there anyone who comes to mind who you think may demonstrate characteristics of low muscle tone? For more detailed information about muscle tone, click on the optional reading links that follow. Hypertonia:
http://www.ehow.com/how_5234122_baby-high-muscle-tone.html
Part 3- Case Study: Read the example below and think about how you would improve Kevin's ability to walk.

Kevin is a 35-month-old adorable toddler who has been diagnosed with Down Syndrome. He has low muscle tone and is developmentally delayed. Kevin is large for his age and due to his low tone, appears overweight. He stands with a wide base of support, wobbles and appears awkward when he walks and runs. Kevin's feet are flat and his ankles roll in. He falls frequently. Kevin enjoys playing with his next door neighbor but has trouble keeping up when he has to use large motor movements.
(www.123rf.com) Questions: How can you help Kevin walk more typically? Is there anything you can do to help stabilize and improve his feet so he can walk and run with fewer falls? What are SureStep orthotics? Learn about SureStep Orthotics by clicking
the link below. Be sure to view the video
describing the benefits of these orthotics for
children with low muscle tone. Is this something you think could help your child?
http://www.surestep.net/ If you would like more information about how
to help your child with low muscle tone, contact
a physical therapist in your area or the Early
Intervention Program in your state.
(www.fotosearch.com) Part 4- Post-test
Open the link below to take the post-test to determine
your understanding of muscle tone and how it effects
your child's movement now that you have completed
this module.

http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/XNZSHJK Hypontonia:
http://www.cdadc.com/ds/hypotonia.htm http://www.babycenter.com/404_what-is-low-muscle-tone-and-what-does-it-mean_12189.bc
Full transcript