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Evolution of Rifles

Major rifles from 1850s's up to 2007

Michael Maksimovich

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of Evolution of Rifles

1850's-2007 Evolution of Rifles -The first rifle to be developed was made by Benjamin Tyler Henry in 1860. Winchester Model Rifle The U.S. war department was studying the Spanish Mauser Model 93 rifle. They copied the design but added some other features like the two-piece firing pin. The U.S. government was forced to pay $200,000 to Germany because localized production rights. M1 Garand -John Garand created the first M1 Garand rifle in 1934 AK-47 -Mikhail Kalashnikov designed the AK-46 in 1946 and military testing occurred. A few improvements were completed in 1949, and it was renamed to AK-47 M-16 -Eugene Stoner and L. James Sullivan designed the M-16 in 1956. In 1963, M-16 was used in service. Michael Maksimovich Period 4 1/15/13 Intro to Engineering Henry Rifle -The original Henry Rifle was a .44 caliber rim fire, lever action rifle. It was made from cooper (later brass) rim fire cartridges -This model rifle could shoot repeatedly without reloading -The Winchester Model Rifle was made from previous gun designs and the receiver is made from a bronze alloy called gunmetal. Range: 150-170 meters Rate: 28 rounds/min First model Range: 170 Meters First model Rate: 28 rounds/min -There are many (about 11) Winchester model rifles. The first Winchester rifle was made by Oliver Winchester in 1866 and over the years different models were made with improved range and accuracy by Winchester Repeating Arms Company Springfield M1903 Range: 600 meters Rate: 15 round/min -The official Springfield M1903 rifle came out in 1903 Range: 402 meters Rate: 50 rounds/min -Many Problems occurred when testing the rifle and was force to be remade. On 1937, the first successful M1 Garand was created. -Used in the World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War. Range: 400 meters Rate: 600 rounds/min -Made of steel receivers, internals, and barrel. Range: 800 meters Rate: 950 rounds/min -Everything is made from aluminum M4 Carbine Range: 600 meters Rate: 950 rounds/min -Manufacturers: Colt Defense, U.S. Ordnance, and
Remington Arms Company -In 1994 rifle is produced and used in service -Everything is made out of aluminum FN Scar Range: 800 meters Rate: 650 rounds/min -Special Forces Combat Assault Rifle -Made by the FN Herstal for the United States Special Operations Command in 2007 -Used in Afghanistan War Reference page The Evolution of the Rifle by Cannon Gun Safes | Cannon Safe. (n.d.). Gun Safes - Fireproof Safes - Home Safes | Cannon Safe. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.cannonsafe.com/infographics/the-evolution-of-the-rifle.html Google Image Result for http://www.uberti.com/firearms/images/1860_henry_rifle_lg.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?q=henry+rifle&um=1&hl=en&safe=strict&tbo=d&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=9_ggnkFFDMab5M:&imgrefurl=http://www.uberti.com/firearms/1860-henry.php&docid=IO-ewyCBcB3vsM&imgurl=http://www.uberti. Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Winchester_Model_1873_Short_Rifle_1495.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?q=who+made+the+winchester+rifle&um=1&hl=en&safe=strict&tbo=d&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=nHhkvl7h16twjM:&imgrefurl=http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2568504/posts&docid=YNc0VqSJroBfi Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/M1903-Springfield-Rifle.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1920&bih=861&tbm=isch&tbnid=FNDTJMVbmZKaPM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:M1903-Springfield-Rifle.jpg&docid=YjOZD67RVtgCNM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/M1903-Springfield-Rifle.jpg&w=1728&h=556&ei=iSP2UPavNs Google Image Result for http://www.tewksburyrodandgun.org/images/m1%27s%2520crossed.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&noj=1&tbm=isch Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/AK-47_type_II_Part_DM-ST-89-01131.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1920&bih=888&tbm=isch&tbnid=ityTNes5jKd_dM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AK-47_type_II_Part_DM-ST-89-01131.jpg&docid=bBu26tDKVz9cBM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/AK-47_type_II_Part_DM-ST-89-01131.jpg&w=2365&h=854&ei=aS72UJDlIY3siwLl-ICgBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=245&vpy=1 Google Image Result for http://theveterannextdoor.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/M161.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1920&bih=888&tbm=isch&tbnid=WflTYTyA4Z3WhM:&imgrefurl=http://theveterannextdoor.com/shop/the-m-16-rifle-in-vietnam-mp3/&docid=Rm1jIbTxiqQaGM&imgurl=http://theveterannextdoor.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/M161.jpg&w=748&h Google Image Result for http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-dS-GmJJkzSE/T44RE83-j-I/AAAAAAAAAB8/UnBGoA58xis/s1600/Colt%2BM4%2BCarbine.jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=uH4482bKWNm_nM:&imgrefurl=http://gunsshooter.blogspot.com/2012/04/colt-rifle-reviews-m4-carbine.html&docid=AwQQy7R-NZqTKM&imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-dS-GmJJkzSE/T44RE83-j-I/AAAAAAAAAB8/UnBGoA58xis/s1600/Colt Google Image Result for http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/FN_SCAR-L_(Standard).jpg. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&biw=1920&bih=888&tbm=isch&tbnid=DyUYR2wg9yCNYM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:FN_SCAR-L_(Standard).jpg&docid=3a-37g30OExe-M&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/FN_SCAR-L_(Standard).jpg&w=3834&h=1248&ei=4zj2 -The first official rifle to come out
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