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The French Revolution

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Juan Pabon

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of The French Revolution

Civil Constitution of the Clergy ( July 12 1790)
The National Assembly issued the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, a law that
confiscated lands
of the church and
tithes . It was a complete attempt to rearrange the Roman Catholic Church in France. The National assembly ordered the Clergy to take an oath supporting the Constitution, however, over half of the clergy refused. The current schism going on in the French Church even made many Catholics
turn against
the revolution due to the outrage of the Assembly taking lands from the Church
Document known to be one of the first
acts of the National Assembly. It held 17 articles that each related to the rights of the common man in society .
Liberty, Equality and Fraternity
were major words of freedom that the National Assembly and revolution were trying to achieve. The first article of the document demonstrates the notion of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

"Men are born free and remain free and equal in rights" - Article 1

Storming of the Bastille (July 14 1789)
Started out as a
that the king was planning a coup against the National Assembly. Commoners
the Bastille in a huge crowd and overwhelm it. The Commoners stole weapons and
armed themselves for a revolution
. The Bastille was a prison at the time
holding around 7 prisoners. Nearly 18 people died and 73 were wounded during the raid

Oath sworn by the National Assembly to never break up without a constitution. An important statement to
. This oath implied that the National Assembly was bent on reaching the goal of
for Third Estate
The Great Fear ( Aug. 3 1789)
Started out with a rumor, like the storming of the Bastille. Word spread that the King will send soldiers to
peasants. The people upon hearing the news are terrified, but
band together
to attack noble manors . The
massive population
of peasants overwhelm nobles and defeat them in another gruesome battle. The revolution is underway
The French Revolution
National Assembly (1789-1791)
Tennis Court Oath (June 29 1789)
Declaration of the Rights of Man (Aug. 27 1789)
Legislative Assembly (1791-1792)
War Between France, Austria and Prussia (Aug. 20 1792)
France declares
on Francis II, the Habsburg monarch at the time. Prussian forces were aware of the upcoming war and decided to
with the Austrian forces. At the first military encounter, France fled the battlefield and proved to be up against more than they could handle. In the midst of the wartime atmosphere,
of treason by the king spread in Paris
Paris Mob Storms Royal Palace (August 10 1792)
crowd attacked royal place at Tuileries. Many hundreds of civilians and guards of the palace were killed. Aware of the danger at hand, the King and his family attempted to flee to Austria in an attempt to find
. King Louis was eventually caught just miles away from the Austrian border, he was then brought back to Paris and imprisoned

French Army Makes A Stand
Both Mountain and Girondists continued
"war against tyranny
" or the war against enemies Austria and Prussia . After many gruesome battles, the French army stopped Prussia at the Battle of Valmy on Sept. 20th. This fight was known to be very significant for France military wise. Military conquest continued and soon the French nearly occupied the entire Austrian Netherlands
"Reign of Terror"
(March 1793)
The "Reign of Terror" was a period of
that occurred during an important phase of the revolution. It Involved
gruesome executions
of the
enemies of the revolution. The
was the main weapon of execution as it was responsible for over 16,000 deaths. Robespierre and Jean-Paul Marat were two of the major
for the "Reign of Terror" and leaders of the revolution

*"Terror is nothing less than justice" - Robespierre
National Convention
(Sept. 1792-1795)

Levy-In-Mass (Aug 23 1793)
The "Levee en masse" was a requisition of
all able-bodied men
for military service or a military draft held for the French army. This was a kind of military
that significantly increased the number of men in an army. The National Convention issued the Levy-In-Mass in response to being in a
desperate situation
; at war with Austria, Prussia, Spain and Britain

Counter-Revolution in Vendee (Feb 1973)
in the French region of Vendee. The fight eventually led to thousands of civilians
at the hands of the Republican Army. There was a sudden Catholic and Royal Army uprising, the armies were growing in power and strength signaling signs of a counter-revolution. People were beginning to become
with the revolution and its actions.
Thermidor (July 28th 1794)
The Revolution of Thermidor was a
to abolish the Committee of Public Safety. Originally issued by the National Convention to
members of "The Terror" . Robespierre, along with other leaders of the Committee were arrested and
The executions of these men led to the official
to the "Reign of Terror"
The Directory
"Whiff of Grapeshot"
(Oct 5th 1795)
Occurred during the
13 Vendemiare
, it was a battle fought between French Revolutionaries and Royalists. Young General
Napoleon Bonaparte led the Republicans
into battle against the Royalist army. Republican forces used artillery such as the
a cannon containing multiple metal shots that spread out at the target, it was a devastating weapon. The defeat of the Royalists ended the potential threat to the Convention and Napoleon was emerging as an exceptional General.
Coup d'etat of Sept 4th 1797
The Existing government was concerned for the power Royalists were receiving in past elections. In response to this concern, they planned a
against the Royalists led by members of the Directory. Napoleon supplied documents on
treasonous activities
done by the Royalists to expose them. The Directory accused them of plotting against the Revolution and the Royalists were
from the Directory
Coup d'etat of Directory (Nov 9th 1799)
This Coup, led by Napoleon Bonaparte, was planned to
the Directory of France. The agents of the coup
falsely persuaded
officers of the Directory to resign from their positions. They successfully got three officers to resign. The Coup brought Napoleon to power as First Consul of France, who replaced the Directory with the
French Consulate
. This was now the end of the revolution
French Conquest (1797-1798)
The French army
Austria and makes
with them after years conflict. French army advances to even more military conquest. Eventually the army defeats and
Switzerland, Rome, and Naples and
regain military power
under Napoleon Bonaparte. Through all these victories however, the French army suffered a great
in Egypt
Napoleon Makes Peace
Napoleon makes his famous march across the French alps with his army. After various fierce battles between France and the Second Coalition, Russia
itself from the fight and Austria surrendered leaving Great Britain as the
last force
left against France. Since Britain was weary and tired of the war, the
Treaty of Amiens
was passed and
between France, Austria, Russia and Britain was declared. The Second Coalition was now officially

Tennis Court Oath
By : Jacques-Louis David
The Storming of the Bastille
By : Jean-Pierre Houel
The Great Fear
By: Madigan Mayberry
Civil Constitution Signing
By: Kevin Hill
Battle of Varoux
By: Victor Adam
Priese du Palais des Tuileries
By: Jacques Bertaux
Bataille de Valmy
By: Jean-Baptiste Mauzaisse
Battle of Cholet
By: Paul-Emile Boutigny
The Radical's Arms
By: George Cruikshank
Levee en Masse
By: Jean-Baptiste Lesueur
The Shooting of Robespierre
By: Undefined
Histoire de la Revolution
By: Adolphe Thiers
Coup d'etat 18 Fructidor in Tuileries
By: Berthault
Coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire
By: Francois Bouchot
The First Kiss This Ten Years
By: James Gillray
France Renews War With Britain
Great Britain did not always follow the laws under the Treaty of Amiens, in fact, they
certain terms on the treaty by occupying specific European countries near the Mediterranean Sea. They even gathered a
Third Coalition
to continue war with France. In response to this, Napoleon made a strong attempt to
Britain. In order to do this, he needed to keep the British navy at bay, however, he was unsuccessful and refused to pursue a full-front invasion again.
Battle of Trafalgar
By: Auguste Mayer
Napoleonic Code
The French civil code established under Napoleon in 1804. This code established several laws, such as
allowing freedom of religion
, and specifying that government jobs only go to certain people. The code also strongly
influenced laws
made in other countries both before and after the Napoleonic Wars. For example, countries in the Middle East who were trying to modernize themselves were greatly inspired by this code. It also reformed the French legal system in accordance to the ideas of the Revolution
By: Napoleon Bonaparte
Empire (1804-1815)
3rd Coalition Wars (1805)
The 3rd coalition was formed upon Napoleon crowning himself Emperor. Austria and Russian forces allied with Great Britain to go to war with France. Napoleon led his country and attempted to invade Britain but was defeated by the Royal Navy powerhouse. However, Napoleon was victorious against Austria as it was able to capture and entire Austrian army Ulm Campaign battles. France also had victories over Austria and Russia in battles such as the Battle of Austeriltz and the Battle of Campo Tenese. To cease the warfare, Austria and France signed the Treaty of Pressburg, taking Austria out of the war and the 3rd coalition
Napoleon at Battle of Austeriltz
By: Francois Gerard
Napoleon defeat at Russia
During the Napoleonic Wars, Britain, Russia and Sweden each agreed to take down Napoleon. Upon these agreements, Napoleon was dedicated to conquering Poland and not allowing Russia to have control over it. This led to the invasion of Russia in 1812. Napoleon led an army of over 600,000 men. As the army marched along, it encountered many fierce battles such as the Battle of Smolensk and Battle of Polotsk. However, by the time the army reached Moscow it had suffered too many losses, eventually Napoleon was forced to retreat from Moscow. After the fighting ends, only about 40,000 men of the 600,000 survive
Napoleon Withdrawal from Russia
By: Adolph Northen
Opposing Forces Defeat France
After suffering a major defeat, Napoleon had to build up his army once again while other countries such as Austria, Russia and Prussia saw his defeat as an opportunity to attack Napoleon and re-enter the war. Napoleon saw this coming and with the help of his allies he built and army to defed against incoming forces of over 1,800,000 coalition soldiers. Napoleon was able to hold off his ow until the "Battle of the Nations" where france was greatly outnumbered and the army was forced to retreat back to France. The coalition army evetually marched into Paris where a series of battles were held before Napoleon was completely defeated after being in a hopeless situation. The victors then exiled Napoleon to the island of Elba
Battle of Hanau
By: Horace Vernet
Battle of Waterloo
(June 18 1815)
After his many defeats, Napoleon later returned to power in 1815. Upon hearing this many countries that opposed Napoleon in the past allied to form the 7th coalition and mobilise armies against him. Now Napoleon had to prepare for a great threat. Eventually, two huge forces led by General Wellington of the British army and Bulcher of the Prussian army entered along the border of France. Napoleon armed a strategy to attack before the armies could gather themselves completely, this resulted in the Battle of Waterloo. The French army attacked Wellington's army numerous times, but the British withstood these attacks until the Prussian army came in and broke through Napoleon's defenses. At that moment the British army launched a counter-attack, which left the French army in disarray. The coalition then entered France and restored the french monarch back to the throne. Louis XVIII
Charge of the French Cuirassiers at Waterloo By: Henry Felix Emmanuel
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