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Knights and Warfare Mid Evil Times
Transcript of Knights and Warfare Mid Evil Times
Knights and Warfare How to beome a Knight There was only a few
ways to become a
knight Three ways to become a Knight. When a boy was eight years old, he was sent to the neighboring castle where he was trained as a page. The boy was usually the son of a knight or of a member of the aristocracy. He spent most of his time strengthening his body, wrestling and riding horses. He also learned how to fight with a spear and a sword. He practiced against a wooden dummie called a quintain. The medieval knight was the equivalent of the modern tank. He was covered in multiple layers of armor, and could plow through foot soldiers standing in his way. No single foot soldier or archer could stand up to any one knight. Knights were also generally the wealthiest of the three types of soldiers. Knights believed in the code of chivalry. They promised to defend the weak, be courteous to all women, be loyal to their king, and serve God at all times. A young man could also become a knight for valor in combat after a battle or sometimes before a battle to help him gain courage. there were many different types of knights.
17 different types of knights including the actual knights and what each did. Grand Master
This office was for life, and the Grand Master was in charge of the entire Order, worldwide Master and Commander
The Master and Commander was the local commander in charge of the commandery — a small templar “city” and stronghold. He had complete command in the field. Seneschal
The Seneschal was the right-hand man for the Master and was sometimes called a Grand Commander. In peace, the Seneschal administered all the lands belonging to the chapter house. In war, he handled the movement of the men, the pack trains, the food procurement, and other issues of moving an army. Turcopolier
This officer was the third in line militarily. He was in command of the light cavalry and the Sergeant brothers Marshal
The Marshal was in charge of all arms, as well as all horses Under-Marshal
The first officer under the Marshal, the Under-Marshal was in charge of the lesser equipment, bridles, padding for saddles, barrels of water, and other supply problems. Standard Bearer
Also called the Confanonier, the Standard Bearer was in charge of the Squires (see below). He was their paymaster, their disciplinarian, and the man who checked over their very important work of keeping the knights’ horses and weapons in good order. Knight
The knight was the backbone of the battlefield. Knights were the equivalent of the cavalry. A small force of knights was very powerful, skilled in warfare, clad in armor, able to take on a large number of foot soldiers Sergeant
Usually from a lower social class than the more noble knights, the Sergeant was still a light cavalry officer, the chief support officer for the knight. Weapons used by Knights dagger-short pointed knives flail-a jointed weapon consisiting of spikey or knobbed steel head joined by a chain to a short wood handle Maces- developed from a small steel ball on a wooden handle, Lance-a long, strong spear like weapon, usually used on horseback Swords-variety of many different swords were used by knights Ballista- was similar to a large crossbow and was worked by using large tension Battering ram- this was used to literally "batter" down castle gates and walls Mangonel- missles were launched from a bowl-shaped bucket at the end of the giant arm at the end of the mangonel. Trebuchet- consisted of a lever and a sling that was capable of hurling stones that weigh over 200 hundred pounds about 300 yards Battering Ram Trebuchet Lance Flail Mangonel Ballista Mace Swords Middle age warfare The Battle Of Crecy Was a major win for the French in the hundred year war. This battle meant the end of chivalry. More than 2,500 soldiers died The Battle Of Bannockburn Was a key battle in the history of Scotland. Scotish army had 13,000 soldiers Clothing Of the KNights Helmet-can only see out of its eyes and breath through the small holes covering the face Sheilds- two types of sheilds made of either wood or metal. Normally have the knights family emblem on them Some knights wore chainenail armor which is made of all chainlinks covering his face down with a helmet. other knights wore fully plated armor which would give the knights an effective use against gunpowder