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03-26-Public Participation and Policy
Transcript of 03-26-Public Participation and Policy
Geo 4336, Texas State University
Greg Griffin, AICP
Transport Policy - the development of a set of constructs and propositions that are established to achieve particular objectives relating to social, economic and environmental development, and the function and performance of the transport system.
Gain an appreciation for the importance of transportation policy, and the role of public participation in forming it.
Practice a technique for evaluating a transportation plan.
a 4-step policy process
Transport planning deals with the preparation and implementation of actions designed to address specific problems.
Transport policy affects NATIONAL SECURITY.
Interstate Highway Act of 1956- formulated by President Eisenhower
Aviation and Transportation Security Act of 2001 - Gave the federal government broad authority in transportation security for all modes.
Transport policy affects SAFETY.
limiting the hours of work of drivers
imposing equipment standards
establishing speed limits
mandating highway codes
Transport policy affects the ENVIRONMENT.
banning leaded gasoline
mandating catalytic converters in automobiles
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
1 - Check for fatal flaws... for your bosses, and you.
do people know there's a problem?
can policy-making affect the problem?
is a relationship causal and quantfiable?
2-Defining Goals & Objectives
identify existing conditions
communicate and refine goals
seek partners & their needs
define success with simple performance measures
identify steps needed for success
Shift in transport policy perspective
Independent modes → Intermodal systems
Local economies → Regional/global economies
Independent jurisdictions → Coalitions/consensus
Publicly funded → Public/private partnerships (PPP)
Users (publicly subsidy) → Customers (revenue generation)
Build (infrastructure provision) → Manage (optimize infrastructure)
Plan (regulations, political signals) → Market (deregulation, price signals)
Source: J.P. Rodrigue, Geography of Transport Systems
3 - Implement the policy
avoid insurmountable constraints
provide adequate time
provide adequate staff & resources
keep dependent relationships to a minimum
objectives must be agreed upon and understood
4 - Policy evaluation & maintenance
review with stakeholders
avoid sidetracking with revision, if necessary
Transportation Ethics on Streetfilm: http://www.streetfilms.org/transportation-ethics/
President Barack Obama announces Mayor Anthony Foxx, of Charlotte, N.C., as his nominee for Transportation Secretary, in the East Room of the White House, April 29, 2013. Outgoing Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood applauds at right. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)
Griffin, G. Put it There: Geographic specificity of public engagement methods in transportation planning. Compendium of Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting, 2014.
Evans-Cowley, J. S., and G. Griffin. Microparticipation with Social Media for Community Engagement in Transportation Planning. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2307, Dec. 2012, pp. 90–98.