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World War II
Transcript of World War II
Treaty of Versailles
- blamed Germany for WWI
- financial reparations
- loss of territory
- hyper-inflation crippled
Rise of Fascism
Almost immediately he began secretly building up Germany's army and weapons.
Although Britain and France were aware of Hitler's actions, they were also concerned about the rise of Communism and believed that a stronger Germany might help to prevent the spread of Communism.
In 1936 Hitler ordered German troops to enter the Rhineland. At this point the German army was not very strong and could have been easily defeated. Yet neither France nor Britain was prepared to start another war.
Hitler also made two important alliances during 1936.The Rome-Berlin Axis Pact and allied Hitler's Germany with Mussolini's Italy. The Anti-Comitern Pact and allied Germany with Japan.
Hitler's next step was to begin taking back the land that had been taken away from Germany.In Austria a vote was held asking the people whether they wanted to be part of Germany. The results of the vote were fixed and showed that 99% of Austrian people wanted Anschluss (union with Germany).
Six months later he demanded that the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia be handed over to Germany. The Munich Agreement: Hitler could have the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia provided that he promised not to invade the rest of Czechoslovakia. In March 1939 Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia.
Neither Britain nor France was prepared to take military action against Hitler. However, action was now necessary. Believing that Poland would be Hitler's next target, both Britain and France promised that they would take military action against Hitler if he invaded Poland.
Adolf Schicklgruber turned Adolf Hitler
Poor, failed artist in Vienna
Decorated WWI veteran who never fully accepted Germany's defeat or blame for the war
"Mein Kampf" or "My Struggle"
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933.
Saw the Treaty of Versailles as a slap in the face to Germany
Blamed Jewish people for Germany's economic troubles
Wanted to unite German people in Europe and re-establish its glory and power
Wanted "lebensraum" (living space)
in order to build a strong Germany
The Battle of Britain/Operation Sealion
largest military invasion in history
At 0500 on August 19th, 1942, the men from the Royal Regiment of Canada were approaching the beach of Puys, a small seaside village two kilometres east of Dieppe. They were already behind schedule and, as the sun rose, their presence was detected. The Germans took aim at the landing crafts that were still ten metres from the shore. At 0507, the first LCA lowered its ramp. Canadian soldiers dashed forward in the noise of machine-gun and mortar fire that targeted them. They fell, mowed down by bullets, hit by mortar shells. Some tried to reach the seawall bordering the beach, hoping to find shelter. They were to be made prisoner after a few hours of useless resistance.
Dieppe's pebble beach and cliff immediately following the raid on August 19th, 1942. A scout car has been abandoned.
Department of National Defence / National Archives of Canada, C-029861.
A few kilometres away, to the left near Berneval and to the right near Dieppe, Pourville and Varengeville, other battalions landed, more men were killed by machine-gun fire and struck by mortar shells. Several platoons managed to break through enemy defence lines and closed in on their targets. Their determination was no match for the formidable might of the German army. Order was given to pull back at 1100; Navy personnel did the utmost to retrieve as many assault troops as possible. The raid was over. As the tide rose, the wounded who remained on the beach were carried away by the waves with the dead.
Hong Kong (1941)
The fighting in Hong Kong brought a tragic toll to Canada: 290 killed, and 493 wounded. Death did not end with surrender. The Canadians were imprisoned in Hong Kong and Japan in the foulest of conditions and had to endure brutal treatment and near-starvation. Many did not survive. In all, more than 550 of the 1,975 Canadians who sailed from Vancouver in October 1941 never returned.
Japanese invasion on December 7, 1941
that brought the US into WWII
Operation Overlord (D-Day)
Allied invasion of Europe
5 beaches (Gold, Sword, Omaha, Utah, Juno)
- Canadians responisble for Juno beach
The greatest seaborne invasion in history
There were about 155,000 soldiers, 5,000 ships and landing craft, 50,000 vehicles and 11,000 planes set for the coming battle.
14,000 Canadian soldiers were to land on the beaches; another 450 were to drop behind enemy lines by parachute or glider.
1.1 million Canadians served in WWII, including 106,000 in the Royal Canadian Navy and 200,000 in the Royal Canadian Air Force
* 42,042 killed
* 54,414 wounded
14,000 Canadians landed on D-Day
450 jumped by parachute or landed by glider
10,000 sailors of the RCN were involved
* 340 killed
* 574 wounded
* 47 taken prisoner
During the first six days of the Normandy campaign, 1,017 Canadians died.
By the end of the Normandy campaign, about 5,020 Canadians had been killed. About 5,400 Canadians are buried in Normandy.
In the two and a half months of the Normandy campaign, Allied casualities (killed, wounded and captured) totalled 210,000.
Canadian casualties totalled more than 18,000, including more than 5,000 dead. German casualties were 450,000.
Miracle of Dunkirk
More than 300,000 troops were evacuated from Dunkirk and the surrounding beaches in May and June 1940
Little Boy was the codename of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 by the B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay,
"Fat Man" is the codename for the atomic bomb that was detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, by the United States on August 9, 1945.
Internment of Japanese Canadians
22,000 Japanese-Canadians forcibly
removed from B.C. and placed in
-Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war"): describing all-mechanized force concentration of tanks, infantry, artillery and air power, concentrating overwhelming force at high speed to break through enemy lines, and, once the latter is broken, proceeding without regard to its flank. Through constant motion, the blitzkrieg attempts to keep its enemy off-balance, making it difficult to respond effectively at any given point before the front has already moved on.