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Encyclical of Pope John Paul II, on the Dignity of Work, September 14, 1981

Angelino Pimentel

on 4 October 2010

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Transcript of LE

LABOREM EXERCENS Genesis 3:17-19 (New International Version)

17 To Adam he said, "Because you listened
to your wife and ate from the tree about which
I commanded you, 'You must not eat of it,'
"Cursed is the ground because of you;
through painful toil you will eat of it
all the days of your life.

18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you,
and you will eat the plants of the field.
19 By the sweat of your brow
you will eat your food
until you return to the ground,
since from it you were taken;
for dust you are
and to dust you will return."

NAZISM COMMUNISM GOOD AFTERNOON! concept of man's dignity in work subordination of work to man primacy of the worker over the whole of instruments and conditioning that historically constitute the world of labor the rights of the human person as the determining factor of all socio-economic, technological and productive processes, that must be recognized; some elements that can help all men identify with Christ through their own work. "Work and Man" "Conflict Between Labor and Capital in the Present Phase of History" "Rights of Workers" "Elements for a Spirituality of Work" ON HUMAN WORK “I wish to devote this document," writes the Pope, "to human work and, even more, to man in the vast context of the reality of work. ... Work is one of these aspects, a perennial and fundamental one, one that is always relevant and constantly demands renewed attention and decisive witness. II. WORK AND MAN. II. WORK AND MAN. "Work is one of the characteristics that distinguish man from the rest of creatures, whose activity for sustaining their lives cannot be called work" (p.1). "Man is the image of God partly through the mandate received from his creator to subdue, to dominate, the earth. In carrying out this mandate, man, every human being, reflects the very action of the creator of the universe" (pp. 9-10) As a person man is and must be the subject (not the object) of work (p.14). In addition, work is for man, and not man for work (p.14). Work is the means by which man exercises dominion over nature, adapts it to his needs, and helps his fulfillment as a human being. Genesis 1:26-28 (New International Version)

26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, [a] and over all the creatures that move along the ground."

27 So God created man in his own image,
in the image of God he created him;
male and female he created them.

28 God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground." Materialistic and economistic ideologies arose with the beginning of the industrial age. Work came to be understood as a "merchandise" sold by the worker to the employer, or as an impersonal "force" needed for production. This was a reversal of Christian values anchored in biblical creation (p. 16). The error of materialism or economism isto value "human labor solelyaccording to its economic purpose (p.29). This error "places the spiritual and the personal ... in a position of subordination to material reality" (p.29). The Catholic Church affirms "the right to private property, even when it is a question of the means of production" Man as a worker has a relationship to a "direct" and an "indirect" employer. Experience confirms that there must be a social re-evaluation of the mother's role, Having to abandon these tasks in order to take up paid work outside the home is wrong from the point of view of the good of society and of the family when it contradicts or hinders these primary goals of the mission of a mother A just wage means "remuneration which will suffice for establishing and properly maintaining a family and for providing security for its future." right to rest the right of association Besides wages, there are other social benefits whose objective is "to ensure the life and health of workers and their families." right to strike Agricultural workers are exploited by big landowners in certain developing countries where the dignity especially of agricultural work needs to be restored (p.49) Disabled persons everywhere must be seen and treated as "fully human subjects with corresponding innate, sacred and inviolable rights." "By enduring the toil of work in union with Christ crucified for us, man in a way collaborates with the Son of God for the redemption of humanity. He shows himself a true disciple of Christ by carrying the cross in his turn every day in the activity that he is called upon to perform." The right to leave his country to seek better living conditions in another
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