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Academic Writing

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Lucy Van Der Merwe

on 1 February 2016

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Transcript of Academic Writing

Outcomes
Unit 7: Academic Writing
By Alecia Fourie and Lucy Van Der Merwe

Essay writing is more than just putting words on a piece of paper.

You have to define your objective, analyse your question and conduct research.
Essay Writing

To demonstrate an understanding of the topic;
To communicate;
To educate the reader;
To create a body of knowledge;
To express one’s thoughts/ feelings/ opinions/ observations;
To discuss, analyse, evaluate, compare and critique a body of knowledge.
Source: Visitoresund; Image by: Unknown; <www.visitoresund.info > viewed on May 2014.
The Writing Process
Before you start writing
Writing a draft
Parts of your Essay
Explore a system for gathering information, linked to essay title(s).
Know the difference between drafting and editing.
Know how to proofread effectively.
Be able to examine critical writing.
Purpose
Your definition of
the question
Your readers
Introduction
Body
Conclusion
The Introduction
Outline your theme
Indicate your main points
State how your essay is structured
Outline your reasons for focusing on specific aspects of a general topic
Indicate the scope and limits of your essay
Body
 Include the main points
 Link information
 Present each point fully and accurately
 Each point should consist of one or more paragraphs
 The order of the paragraphs is important
 Balance your main points
Conclusion
 Summarise what you have discussed in the body of the essay
 Restate your theme
 Draw together your main points
 Refer back to your introduction
Rough Draft
Objectives
Argument or Exposition
Content
Structure
Conclusion
Approach
Style
Before submitting
 Edit your final draft
 Check your in-text referencing
 Check your reference list/ bibliography
 Proofread your essay
Critical Writing
Makes use of the same principles as critical reading
Indicates the ability to communicate critical reading, analysis and evaluation of information and development of your own ideas
Shows that you are able to partake in academic debates and arguments
Study guide
Activity
Critical writing continued
 Shows how you support your arguments
 Shows that you are able to analyse both sides of the argument
 Shows how you evaluate and weigh up all of your evidence
Academic
Arguments
When constructing an argument, you are expected to debate the idea, stating what other writers think about the subject.

You need to evaluate information for its validity, reasoning, logical progressions/ progression of logic, emotive language, facts, opinions and assumptions.

You need to present information that is true and correct.
Argumentative Essays
The objective is to persuade the reader that your position/ point of view is correct.

An argumentative essay must include reasons for your opinions.

An argumentative essay must include reasons that others have against your point of view.
Bibliography
ADSA/ASAS. (n.d.) Slide preparation guidelines for oral presentation. [online]. URL: http://www.fass.org/fass01/images/slide.pdf. [Date accessed: 10 September 2010].
AUBURN UNIVERSITY. (2002). Guidelines for Oral Presentations. [online]. URL: http://www.auburn.edu/-burnsma/oralpres. [Date accessed: 10 September 2010].
AUSTRALIAN CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY. (2007). Oral Presentations at ACU. [online]. URL: http://www. dlibrary.acu.edu.au/research/orals. [Date accessed: 20 July 2010].
Carson, R. C., Butcher, J. N., and Coleman, J. C. (1995). Abnormal Psychology and Modern Life. 10th ed. Illinois: Foresman and Company.
CARTOONSTOCK.COM. (n.d.) Overhead cartoon 8 [online]. URL: http://www.cartoonstock.com/lowres/gth0121l.jpg [Date accessed: 20 September 2010].
Covey, F.(2004).Introduction to the 7 habits of highly effective college students. Guidebook. United States of America: FrankinCovey.
DeVito, JA. (2013 )The interpersonal Communication Book (13 Ed ) Pearson Education Inc: new York
DIALOGUE ON LEARNING. (n.d.) Famous Speech Oral Presentation. [online]. URL: http://www.dialoqueaonlearning.tc3.edu/classroompplications/activities/famous-speech.html. [Date accessed: 11 September 2010].
Douglas, H. (2011). How to make the big decisions. Psychologies magazine, April/May 2011: 72–73.
Ebsco host. (2010). How to use EBSCO. Available: http://www.how to use ebsco. [Accessed 21 August 2010].
EDU. n.d. Useful Websites . Available: http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu/referencing.htm [Accessed 21 August 2010].
Education Portal (2013).How to determine the best audience. Availabe:http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/how-to-determine-the-best-audience-or-readers-for-an-essay.html.[Accessed:20 April 2013].
EPC. (n.d.) Oral Presentation. [online]. URL: http://www.caeshku.hk/epc/presentation. [Date accessed: 21 August 2010].
Froyd, J. Foundation coalition: understanding conflict and conflict management. Available:http://www.foundationcoalition.org/publications/brochures/conflict.[Accessed 4 April 2011].
Jam, J. (2007).PHD Comics. Available:http://www.digital-rights.net/?p=989.[Accessed:22 April 2013].
JUDE, B. (1998). Live for Life: Avoid the Stress Mess. Halfway House: Zebra Press.
LOUISIANA VOICES. (n.d.) Oral Presentation Rubric. [online]. URL: http://www.louisianavoices.org/unit3/edu-unit 3-rubric-for-oral.html. [Accessed 10 September 2010].
Mcms8thgradewiki.wikispaces.com .(2012). Writing a rough draft. Available: www.mcms8thgradewiki.wikispaces.com. [Accessed: 23 April 2013].
Mesacc.edu. (2012). Body Paragraph. Available: www.mesacc.edu.[Accessed:19 April 2013].
Midrand Graduate Institute. (2011). MGI Guide to Academic Writing Skills Version 11.3. Midrand: Midrand Graduate Institute.
Nedarg.org. (2012). Who is the target audience? Available: www.nedarc.org.[Accessed: 23 April 2013].
Phrasebank.manchester..] (2011). Introductions. Available: http://www.phrasebank.manchester.ac.uk/introductions.htm. [Accessed: 15 April 2013].
PRDU. (n.d.) Oral Presentation Techniques. [online]. URL: http://www.dccz.bmc.bu.edu/prdu/session-Guides/oral-presentation-techniques.html. [Accessed: 11 September 2010].
PRICE, G. and MAIER, P. (2007). Effective Study Skills: Unlock your Potential. England: Pearson Education Ltd.
Price.G. and Maier.P. (2007). Effective Study Skills: Unlock your Potential. Pearson Education Ltd: England.
Purdue OWL Engagement. (2012). Body Paragraph. Available: owl.english.purdue.edu. [Accessed: 22 April 2013].
Sharland, A. (2010).Communication and conflict: promoting mindful communication. Available: http://www.communicationandconflict.com/conflict. [Accessed 4 April 2010].
Students.berkeley.edu. (2012). Body Paragraph. Available: http://students.berkeley.edu/apa/personalstatement/paragraphs.html.[Accessed: 22 April 2013].
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Download mind map memo and Schematic Mind
In Groups Brainstorm ideas.

One student in group to organise the brainstorming information into a mind map

Second student writes the body of the essay

This student writes the conclusion

Fourth student writes the Introduction

Hand Essay in



Study guide
Activity
Analysing your topic
Content words/phrases
Direction words/phrases
Study guide
activity

Writing to a plan
Free Writing
A combination of the two
Writing
methods
Video
Study guide
Activity
Different types of sentences
Keeping an essay formal requires using indirect speech
Scary
movie
Emails
The do's and the don'ts
Full transcript