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Transcript of Academic Writing
Unit 7: Academic Writing
By Alecia Fourie and Lucy Van Der Merwe
Essay writing is more than just putting words on a piece of paper.
You have to define your objective, analyse your question and conduct research.
To demonstrate an understanding of the topic;
To educate the reader;
To create a body of knowledge;
To express one’s thoughts/ feelings/ opinions/ observations;
To discuss, analyse, evaluate, compare and critique a body of knowledge.
Source: Visitoresund; Image by: Unknown; <www.visitoresund.info > viewed on May 2014.
The Writing Process
Before you start writing
Writing a draft
Parts of your Essay
Explore a system for gathering information, linked to essay title(s).
Know the difference between drafting and editing.
Know how to proofread effectively.
Be able to examine critical writing.
Your definition of
Outline your theme
Indicate your main points
State how your essay is structured
Outline your reasons for focusing on specific aspects of a general topic
Indicate the scope and limits of your essay
Include the main points
Present each point fully and accurately
Each point should consist of one or more paragraphs
The order of the paragraphs is important
Balance your main points
Summarise what you have discussed in the body of the essay
Restate your theme
Draw together your main points
Refer back to your introduction
Argument or Exposition
Edit your final draft
Check your in-text referencing
Check your reference list/ bibliography
Proofread your essay
Makes use of the same principles as critical reading
Indicates the ability to communicate critical reading, analysis and evaluation of information and development of your own ideas
Shows that you are able to partake in academic debates and arguments
Critical writing continued
Shows how you support your arguments
Shows that you are able to analyse both sides of the argument
Shows how you evaluate and weigh up all of your evidence
When constructing an argument, you are expected to debate the idea, stating what other writers think about the subject.
You need to evaluate information for its validity, reasoning, logical progressions/ progression of logic, emotive language, facts, opinions and assumptions.
You need to present information that is true and correct.
The objective is to persuade the reader that your position/ point of view is correct.
An argumentative essay must include reasons for your opinions.
An argumentative essay must include reasons that others have against your point of view.
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Download mind map memo and Schematic Mind
In Groups Brainstorm ideas.
One student in group to organise the brainstorming information into a mind map
Second student writes the body of the essay
This student writes the conclusion
Fourth student writes the Introduction
Hand Essay in
Analysing your topic
Writing to a plan
A combination of the two
Different types of sentences
Keeping an essay formal requires using indirect speech
The do's and the don'ts