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Copy of Root Words and Affixes

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Joan Bartels

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Root Words and Affixes

What are affixes and root words?

Affixes are elements placed at the beginning or end of a word to modify its meaning.

Prefixes come before the root.
Suffixes come after the root.
Root words, prefixes, and suffixes all have meanings of their own. If you learn to recognize a common root, prefix, or suffix, you can figure out what a new word means without looking up the definition.
Root Words and Affixes
anti- against
dis- not, opposite of
mid- middle
re- again, back
un- not, opposite of, reverse action
circum- around
tri- three
hydro- relating to water
photo- light
Two Types:

Some suffixes do not change the word, just the syntax to make it make sense in a special situation. This means changing the tense or the quantity of something, for example, by adding -s, -es, -ing, -ed, etc.

Other suffixes typically change the word into an adverb or adjective and can affect meaning. They include -ish, -ness, -less, -ian, -ly, etc.
Mrs. Bartels
Root Words

A root word is what is left of a word when all the affixes are removed.

Root words are often categorized by their origin (Greek or Latin, for example).
aqua - water
cycle - a ride
port - to carry

Root Words
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