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Success and failure of the Treaty of Versailles
Transcript of Success and failure of the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles facts
The Treaty of Versailles was signed June 28, 1919.
It was 1 of 5 negotiations made by the Allied Powers.
Three important politicians there were David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson.
Britain and France originally were the countries that decided against Wilson's vision of peace and wanted to take away Germany's war-making abilities.
League of Nations
The treaty created a League of Nations which was created to be an international association whose goal was to keep peace among nations.
By 1934 there were 63 countries in the League of Nations excluding the USSR and the United States due to the negative response from the US citizens.
The League of Nations is now called the United Nations.
Germany and the Treaty of Versailles
The treaty punished Germany in multiple ways.
Germany lost substantial territory.
Germany had severe restrictions on operations.
The Treaty placed sole responsibility on Germany for WW1.
All of Germany's territories in Africa and overseas were "given" to the League of Nations.
Territories taken from Germany
Belgium: Eupen and Malmedy
Denmark: Northern Schleswig
Poland: West Prussia, Posen, and Upper Silesia
Treaty of Versailles impression
In the end, the Treaty of Versailles did little for lasting peace.
There was a legacy of bitterness and hatred in the hearts of Germans.
In addition, the ex-German territories thought that the League of nations were insensitive to their desires to self-govern and be independent from Europe.
Treaty of Versailles in America
Americans rejected the League of Nations and thought that the United States' best hope for freedom was to stay out of European affairs.