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Melting Pot vs. Cultural Mosaic
Transcript of Melting Pot vs. Cultural Mosaic
Cultural Mosaic References: Immigration:
"act of moving to and settling in another country to reside permanently."
Societal structure where immigrants keep their cultural identity.
Immigrants are expected to leave behind their ethnic identity and adopt the host country's culture. Typically seen in Canada
Belief that nation becomes stronger through with immigrants diversity
Learn from the diverse ethnicities present
maintaining ethnic diversity of home country while still contributing to host country's wellbeing.
Respect for different ethnicities typically seen in the United States
Immigrants must adopt the way of the country they are moving to
Assimilation of way of life, culture
"American's believe that once you are on American land you must follow the American way" Vertical Mosaic similar to cultural moasic
Term coined by John Porter
takes into account the hierarchy that different ethnicities are subject to when living amongst each other Melting Pot vs. Cultural Mosaic Homogenity vs. Variety
Assimilation vs. Accomodation
Two terms often contrasted
MELTING POT CULTURAL MOSAIC Bartle, P. (2007). Vertical Mosaic: Inequality with an ethnic flavour. Community Empowerment Collective. http://cec.vcn.bc.ca/cmp/modules/ine-ver.htm.
Drislane,R. & Parkinson,G. Online Dictionary of the Social Sciences: Vertical Mosaic. Athabasca University. http://bitbucket.icaap.org/dict.pl?alpha=V
Immigrate Manitoba. Glossary. Immigration Manitoba. http://www2.immigratemanitoba.com/glossary .html
Levine,R., Serbeh-Dunn,G. Mosaic vs. Melting Pot. http://www.darrenduncan .ne t /arhived_web_work/vie/ocsv_4 moasic.html
Palmer,H. (1976). Mosaic versus Melting Pot?: Immigration and Ethnicity in Canada and the United States.International Journal. 31(3).
Vallee,F.G. Vertical Mosaic. The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/ind ex.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0008342
Come up with working definitons of the following terms: -Immigration
-Affrimative Action In Groups discuss the following...
1. What are the key differences between
cultural mosaic and melting pot?
2. Is your neighbourhood culturally diverse? What are some of the cultures?
3. Share and Compare answers with other groups
Immigration to Canada between 1900-1920s Country of Origin Total Percentage Total Immigrants: 3,393,295 Immigration to Canada between 1921- 1945 Country of Origin Total Percentage Total Immigrants: 1,449,696 Immigration to Canada between 1946-1980 Country of origin Total Percentage Total Immigrants: 4,787,845 Data calculated from Alan B. ANDERSON and James S. FRIDERES, Ethnicity in Canada. Theoretical Perspectives, Toronto, Butterworth, 1981, 334p., pp. 140-155. Data calculated from Alan B. ANDERSON and James S. FRIDERES, Ethnicity in Canada. Theoretical Perspectives, Toronto, Butterworth, 1981, 334p., pp. 140-155. Data calculated from Alan B. ANDERSON and James S. FRIDERES, Ethnicity in Canada. Theoretical Perspectives, Toronto, Butterworth, 1981, 334p., pp. 140-155. US Immigration Source: US Department of Homeland Security, Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status: Fiscal Years 1820 to 2010 Reasons for Immigration 1. Individuals wanting to move to the country
2. For employment or education opportunities
3. Individuals fleeing war, seeking refuge
4. To reunite with family Affirmative Action Quotas are not legal in the United States. No employer, university, or other entity may create a set number required for each race.
The Canadian Employment Equity Act requires employers in federally-regulated industries to give preferential treatment to four designated groups: Women, people with disabilities, aboriginal people, and visible minorities. In most Canadian Universities, people of Aboriginal background normally have lower entrance requirements and are eligible to receive exclusive scholarships. Some provinces and territories also have affirmative action-type policies. For example, in the Northwest Territories, First Nations people are given preference for jobs and education.
Affirmative Action Definition -refers to policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation or national origin" into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group, usually as a means to counter the effects or compensate for a history of discrimination.
-promotes equal opportunity United States Secretary of Labor: William Willard Wirtz. (1965). Executive Order 11246: Equal employment opportunity. Retrieved from: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/codification/executive-order/11246.html Affirmative Action. (2011). In Government of Northwest Territories: Northwest Territories Human Resources. Retrieved from: http://www.hr.gov.nt.ca/employment/affirmativeaction/