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# How does Golden Ratio Affect beauty?

A resarch on how golden ratio affect beauty
by

## Liu Shu Yuan William

on 22 November 2010

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#### Transcript of How does Golden Ratio Affect beauty?

Does Golden Ratio Affect Beauty? Secondary Three Research Education Group Members: Nguyen Duc Huy (18) 3A Leader
Truong Hoang Vu (24) 3T
Dinh Viet Nguyen (8) 3P
Liu Shu Yuan (12) 3T Introduction Review of Literature Methodology Results Analysis Conclusion & Discussion Research Topic Objective Background Information Golden Ratio - Mathematical Properties History of Golden Ratio Modern examples of Golden Ratio
Preparation for the survey Conclusion Future research 1. Villa Savoye Constructed: 1929

Location: Poissy, outside of Paris

Designer: Architect Le Corbusier

Use: Weekend Country House
How golden ratio is used 2. Canadian National Tower One of the tallest towers and freestanding structures in the world! Constructed: 1973 - 1976
Designer: John Andrews
Use:Observation, Telecommunications, Attraction One of the “Seven Wonders of the World” 3. United Nation Headquarters Myth:
The ratio of the height to the width of the building corresponds to golden ratio The REALITY: Wrong!!! The actual height to width ratio of the building is 1.76, outside the acceptable range for the golden ratio.

No Golden Ratio Involved! Q1. Q2. Q3. Research Method Golden Ratio & Beauty Golden Ratio beautifies things Golden ratio does make objects more beautiful Hypothesis: Architecture Nature Art First Wind-Powered Building, in Argentina, Cefira Spring by Jean-François Millet Sunflowers The New Generation's perception a : b = (a + b) : a Golden Ratio = Phi = Lower Case = 1.6180339... Upper Case = 0.6180339... Found by Greek Golden Ratio in past aesthetic works Mona Lisa - A Perfect Painting By Leonardo da Vinci Golden Rectangle Golden Spiral The Parthenon Athenian Acropolis, Greece Golden Rectangle Statue of Athena Golden Ratio Golden Ratio Early Research (in 19th century): Modern Research (After 20th Century): Survey Participants: Sample size: 50.

Secondary 1 to 4 students

For convenience sampling, requests were sent to students we know, mainly from 3A, 3P, 3T. We also requested some other secondary students as well as female students.

Response rate: 30 responses out of 50 requests. Percentage = 60%

Characteristics of the participants: teenagers, including males and females.
Materials: Data collection instrument: built-in result-tracking function on www.kwiksurvey.com.

Checking of instrument: Self-test and Teacher Mentor test
Survey: Question 1. A B C D Question 2. A B C D Question 3. A B C D Question 4. A B C D Question 5. A B C D More respondents thought that A was very beautiful
More thought that D was beautiful
B was generally thought to be neutral
C was generally either ugly or fair Rectangle D = Golden Rectangle & Rectangle A = Square Most respondents seemed to be more attracted to D, followed by B, instead of A and C
Most still considered that A and C were beautiful Another variable: the theme of the paintings Golden Ratio was used in paintings A and C Very few respondents felt that any of the ellipses were very beautiful
More of them considered ellipse C to be more attractive. Ellipse B was considered the second most beautiful Ellipse B was the golden ellipse Q4 Flower B was considered the most beautiful Golden Ratio was only found in flower B Another variable: Colours of the flowers Q5 More respondents thought that C was the most beautiful and none think that B was Building B was designed with the Golden Ratio Another variable: Style of the buildings Fechner (1876): Golder Rectangle was preferred

Witmer (1894): Golden Rectangle was also preferred. Golden Ellipse and Golden Triangle were not.

EXPLANATION???

Oswald Kulpe (1893-1895) proposed an explanation, which was proven wrong.
Godkewitsch (1974): Golden Rectangle did not enhance Beauty.

Piehl (1976): if one is familiar to Golden Rectangle, he will tend to like it.

In the end, it's still a controversial issue. Golden Ratio does not or no longer enhance the beauty of artificial objects

In the area of nature, the Golden Ratio still maintains its aesthetic values

The effects of the Golden Ratio on beauty have gradually faded away over time Participants of the survey could have been increased to a greater number

All variables are the same except the Golden Ratio

Focus can be moved onto an older generation. Thank You
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