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Canning Industry

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Lauren Gomez

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Canning Industry

Canning Industry
By Walker Mooneyham
Dharshan Sabanayagam
Alex Stamos
Lauren Gomez
As food preservation
technologies have become
more advanced the need for human workers has decreased, causing a greater gap between the social classes.
The History of Canning
In 1810, Peter Durand perfected the process using tin instead of glass
At the time they could only produce around 60 cans a day,

In 1795, the French Napoleonic Wars were happening. Napoleon needed a way to feed his troops so he put out a 12,000 franc reward to the person who had a solution
Frenchman Nicholas Appert invented an early form of the canning process. He found that the application of heat to food in sealed glass bottles preserved the food.

the process
Napoleon.gif. Digital image. Upenn.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. <http://knarf.english.upenn.edu/Gifs/napoleon.gif>.

CAN. Dublin: CAN, 1997. Cannedfood.org. Ardagh Group, 1997. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://www.cannedfood.org/files/library/pdfs/History-can.pdf>.
"An army marches on its stomach"
-Napoleon Bonaparte
The first cans were made of iron plated tin
In 1812 Thomas Kensett came to the United States and established the first U.S. canning facility
Bryan Dorkin and John Hall set up the first commercial canning facility in England in 1813
Ezra J. Warner invented the first US can opener in 1858.
The method of opening cans before, was a chisel and hammer.
It took 48 years after the invention of the can to make a can opener.
This made the consumption of canned foods boom, due to the simplification of opening the cans.
William Lyman patented a can opener in 1870, with the wheel that rolls and cuts around the rim of a can.
In 1925, the Star Can Company of San Francisco improved Lyman's can opener by adding a serrated edge to the wheel.
An electric version of the same type of can opener was first sold in December of 1931.
In 1846, Henry Evans invented a die device for making a can in a single operation. His invention enabled the production of cans to be increased from 6 to 60 per hour.

"Father of Canning"
From Field to Table
The History
of
Can Factories
Work Cited

Slide 4
Cannery Workers
The canneries used a dual system of labor: minority workers would do the undesirable jobs like cutting and canning, while others were able to do the fishing and contracting of the industries laborers.
The Great Depression aggravated discontent in the canneries and the contract system. As the economic crisis hit in the early 1930s, competition for jobs grew fierce and the contractors were able to exploit the desperation of the men.
At first, the canneries employed Chinese workers. In the 1880s and 1890s most of the workers were Chinese. In recognition of this when a machine was introduced to mechanize part of the fish-cleaning process it was called the "Iron Chink."
It worked like this: the contractor would give special treatment to his friends. They would get all the best jobs, while others had to pay high fees to the contractor for the chance to work in the canneries.
History of Monterey
Slide 5
Slide 6
Slide 7
Slide 8
Slide 9
Canned-food.jpg. Digital image. Recycleusainc.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://recycleusainc.com/wp-content/uploads/canned-food.jpg>.
Portuguese whalers
Chinese settled in Monterey in 1851
Established 'China Point' village
Sent up to 800 lbs of seafood to SF each day
Poverty and opium problems
Racial tension, China Point burned down in 1906
Discriminatory laws and regulations
50 years later, Louis Pasteur provided the explanation for canning's effectiveness when because he showed that the growth of microorganisms causes the food to spoil
Processing conditions are set at the minimum heat needed sterilize the food but retain the greatest taste and nutrition
The Story of The Tin Can. Digital image. Http://gaukartifact.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <_66553828_threemen_624.gif>.

Bouteille De Nicolas Appert. Digital image. Photobucket.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://s238.photobucket.com/user/ventouse/media/06b_bouteille.jpg.html>.

CAN. Dublin: CAN, 1997. Cannedfood.org. Ardagh Group, 1997. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://www.cannedfood.org/files/library/pdfs/History-can.pdf>.
The food remains safe to eat for two years if the can is not damaged or opened
While the cans used to be made from tin, most cans today are made from recyclable steel
The Story of The Tin Can. Digital image. Http://gaukartifact.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <_66553828_threemen_624.gif>.

CAN. Dublin: CAN, 1997. Cannedfood.org. Ardagh Group, 1997. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://www.cannedfood.org/files/library/pdfs/History-can.pdf>.

"History of the Can." The Can Makers. BCME Can Makers, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http://www.canmakers.co.uk/education/history-of-the-can>.
The First US Can Opener – Today in History. Digital image. Http://connecticuthistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. <WaterburyWarnerPatent-e1338053394899.jpg>.

"The First US Can Opener – Today in History." ConnecticutHistoryorg The First US Can Opener Today in History Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http://connecticuthistory.org/the-first-us-can-opener-today-in-history/>.

Bellis, Mary. "History of Tin Cans and Can Openers." About.com Inventors. About.com, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <http://inventors.about.com/od/cstartinventions/a/tin_can.htm>.
To make sure that foods are packed when their fresh, most canning facilities are found within a few miles from where the food is harvested
Fruit and vegetable canneries can be seen from the fields where it is harvested and seafood canneries are near the docks
Slide 17
According to a 1997 University of Illinois study and other recent studies, the canning process actually may help to enhance the nutrient profile of certain foods.
Virtually any food that is harvested or processed can be found in a can
"The First US Can Opener – Today in History." ConnecticutHistoryorg The First US Can Opener Today in History Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http://connecticuthistory.org/the-first-us-can-opener-today-in-history/>.

Bellis, Mary. "History of Tin Cans and Can Openers." About.com Inventors. About.com, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <http://inventors.about.com/od/cstartinventions/a/tin_can.htm>.
Slide 22
Slide 23
Slide 26
Slide 27
Slide 28
Slide 29 - 32
Fruit Canning Process Picture. Digital image. Gopixpic.com. Supercan, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. <http://www.gopixpic.com/776/fruit-canning-process/http:%7C%7Cwww*supercan*co*za%7Ccanned-foods-south-africa%7Cimages%7Ccanning_process*jpg/>.
"Secret of the Canned Tomato." YouTube. PacificCoastProducer, 6 Feb. 2012. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <http://youtu.be/AaKEs2CzNoY>.
Canneryrow_1967. Digital image. Blogspot. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. <http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_GykJvcCS9rU/S5F2UcuO2AI/AAAAAAAAAQU/yGn8BkUO9WU/s1600-h/canneryrow_1967.jpg>.

Fresco, Crystal. "Cannery Workers' and Farm Laborers' Union 1933-39: Their Strength in Unity." Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fdepts.washington.edu%2Fcivilr%2Fcwflu.htm>.
Rialto, Max. When Did It Really Happen? Digital image. What Your Lola Didn't Tell You SKIP TO CONTENT. N.p., 01 Oct. 2014. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. <http://maxrialto.wordpress.com>.

Fresco, Crystal. "Cannery Workers' and Farm Laborers' Union 1933-39: Their Strength in Unity." Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fdepts.washington.edu%2Fcivilr%2Fcwflu.htm>.
Fresco, Crystal. "Cannery Workers' and Farm Laborers' Union 1933-39: Their Strength in Unity." Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fdepts.washington.edu%2Fcivilr%2Fcwflu.htm>.

Cg_ha_0004_220y.jpg. Digital image. CORREIO GOURMAND. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. <http://correiogourmand.com.br/images/cg_ha_0004_220y.jpg>.
First cannery founded in 1895 by Frank E. Booth
Knut Hovden inventions and Sicilian 'lampara' nets
70k cases in 1912 to 1.4M in 1918, 19 canneries
$22M industry with 5,000 employees in 1945
About 1/3 of all sardines were canned
Ocean View Avenue changed to Cannery Row 8 yrs after novel published
Overfishing causes sardine population to plummet after WW2
Most canneries closed in late 50's
Monterey slowed down until opening of aquarium in 1984
Kemp, Jonathan. "Chinese Start Monterey Fishing Industry." Monterey County Historical Society Museum. Monterey County Historical Society, 2010. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <http://mchsmuseum.com/chinesefishing.html>.

Fig. 22. Digital image. California Digital Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <http://cdn.calisphere.org/data/13030/f7/kt7t1nb2f7/figures/caljsiol_sio1ca175_006_037.gif>.

Chinese 'Junk' Ship. Digital image. SDDN. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://sandiegodowntownnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Ch-2-Sun-Yun-Lee-650.jpg>.

China Point. Digital image. Monterey County Historical Society Museum. Monterey County Historical Society, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://mchsmuseum.com/images/ChinaPoint1.gif>.

China Point and Ocean. Digital image. National Marine Sanctuaries. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2010. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/maritime/historical_ecology/slide_images/IMG_7410.jpg>.

Slide 18+19
Hemp, Michael K. "A Brief History of Old Ocean View Avenue." Cannery Row. Cannery Row Foundation, 14 Apr. 2002. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://www.canneryrow.org/Research/History/profile.html>.

"A Brief History of Old Cannery Row." MTY County. Monterey County, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://www.mtycounty.com/pgs-misc/cannery-row.html>.

Canneries on the Water. Digital image. Cannery Row. Cannery Row Foundation, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://www.canneryrow.com/img/canneries-1.jpg>.

Women in Cannery. Digital image. MTY County. Monterey County, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://www.mtycounty.com/pgs-misc/images/sardine-line.jpg>.

Monterey Sardines, circa 1957. Digital image. Heraldphotos.blogspot. The Herald: Monterey County, 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://heraldphotos.blogspot.com/2013/03/monterey-sardines-circa-1957.html>.

American Rose Purse Seiner In Monterey Harbor 1948. Digital image. Fine Art America. Pat Hathaway, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/american-rose-purse-seiner-in-monterey-harbor-california-views-mr-pat-hathaway-archives.jpg>.

Fradkin, Philip L., and Alex L. Fradkin. Fishing Boat Salvage Year Overflowing after Collapse of Salmon Stock. Digital image. University of California Press. The Regents of the University of California, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://www.ucpress.edu/content/phototab/11017/56-noyoftbragg.jpg>.
As machinery got more advanced the labor needed to operate a cannery started to diminish. As in the past the gritty jobs are performed by immigrants, who can be exploited.
DINGEMAN, ROBBIE, and DAVID THOMPSON. Dole Cannery. Digital image. Cannery Tales: Community Leaders Talk Story About Bygone Summers in Honolulu’s Pineapple Factories. DOLE FOOD CO. ARCHIVES, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http://www.honolulumagazine.com/Honolulu-Magazine/November-2014/Cannery-Tales-Community-Leaders-Talk-Story-About-Bygone-Summers-in-Honolulus-Pineapple-Factories/>.

CBSNEWS. "So Long Sardines: America's Last Cannery Closing." CBSNEWS. CBSNEWS, 14 Apr. 2010. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cbsnews.com%2Fnews%2Fso-long-sardines-americas-last-cannery-closing%2F>.
The goal of a company is to make money. You make money by speeding up the process, having cheep labor, and having a product people want.
Many of the canneries in the US have closed down. There are no more sardine canneries in the US, the last one closed down in 2010 due to a shortage in product, and a nonexistent costumer base.
In the food industry, a few large companies control everything. Some of them nearly have a monopoly on their market.
Slide 16
http://www.mealtime.org/professionals-and-government/frequently-asked-questions/the-canning-process.aspx

http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2014/02/27/Michelle-Obama-FDA-propose-changes-to-Nutrition-Facts-food-label/UPI-40611393517196/
Slide 15
http://www.advancedaquarist.com/blog/turning-fish-cannery-waste-into-energy

http://www.mealtime.org/professionals-and-government/frequently-asked-questions/the-canning-process.aspx
Slide 14
http://www.fromvalskitchen.com/2011/the-problem-with-dented-cans/

http://dayz-standalone.wikia.com/wiki/File:Baked_beans_(closed)_(damaged).png
Slide 13
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mold_health_issues
Full transcript