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Matter Mind Map

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by

Justin Cham

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Matter Mind Map

Compound
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements
Mixture
a substance made by mixing other substances together.
A pure substance
is a sample of matter with both definite and constant composition with distinct chemical properties.

For example: water, diamond, gold
Element
A chemical element is a substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means.

For example: copper, cesium, iron, neon
Colloid
is a substance microscopically dispersed throughout another substance.
Emulsion
Two liquids that don't mix like oil and water
Suspension
is a heterogeneous mixture containing solid particles that are sufficiently large for sedimentation.Like garbage floating in water.
Tyndall effect
is the scattering of light as a light beam passes through a colloid. The individual suspension particles scatter and reflect light, making the beam visible.
Homogeneous
of the same kind; alike.
Heterogenous
diverse in character or content.
Matter Mind Map
pure substance, element, compound, mixture, mechanical mixture, solution, colloid, emulsion, suspension, Tyndall Effect, homogeneous, heterogeneous, filtration, evaporation, distillation, physical change, chemical change, electrolysis, atom, molecule.
Mechanical Mixture
a mixture whose components can be separated by mechanical means
Solution
a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent).
Filtration
Seperates solids from liquids
Evaporation
Separates dissolved items from the solution.
Distillation
the action of purifying a liquid by a process of heating and cooling.
Physical Change
a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas)
Chemical Change
any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
Electrolysis
chemical decomposition produced by passing an electric current through a liquid or solution containing ions.
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element.
Molecule
a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest fundamental unit of a chemical compound that can take part in a chemical reaction.
Mixtures

Pure Substances
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