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The Scramble for Africa

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Niranjan Ramasekaran

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of The Scramble for Africa

The Scramble for Africa Niranjan Ramsekaran Why Did Europeans Want To Colonize Africa? Europeans wanted to colonize Africa for its abundant natural resources. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (or Kongo, as it was known back then) had rubber trees that provided rubber for tires on bicycles , buggies, and other automobiles in Europe. Africa also had oil, diamonds, gold, iron, cobalt, uranium, copper, bauxite, silver, petroleum, cacao beans, woods and tropical fruits which were used for other things. The Berlin Conference The Berlin Conference was a meeting(organized by Otto von Bismark) to discuss the partitioning of Africa. It was held from November 1884 to February 1885 in Berlin. No Africans were invited to the conference and they did not have any say in the decisions made during the conference. Rules European nations could not just claim the land but had to occupy and administer it. Countries that already had colonies on the coast had the first priority on the interior land. All rivers were open to everybody. Slave trade and slavery were to end in all European colonies. Effects Of Colonization On Africa The positive affects of colonization on Africa was that the Christian missionaries spread their religion into Africa and the also built lots of schools. Africa's transportation, communication, and infrastructure developed and new businesses were brought in. Also, the French and the Portuguese assimilated the native people of their colonies by giving them French/Portuguese citizenship and giving them the same rights as French/Portuguese citizens. The negative effects of colonialism on Africa was that the colonies had cruel dictators like King Leopold in the Congo and they were indirectly ruled(Britain and Spain). They also were forced to work in brutal conditions. Further more, Africans had to pay taxes and nobody cared for the welfare of the Africans. But most importantly, many languages and customs were wiped out. Now many Africans speak the language of the country that colonized their land. Effects Of Colonialism On Europe The positive effects of colonialism on Africa was the Europeans got lots of natural resources for the Industrial Revolution. They profited greatly from this. The downside was that they had to invest money in the colonies. But still, they gained a lot of money. Reflection Questions I learned about colonialism in Africa and the effects of it. The process was not positive because I did not learn anything. Next time, I would like to do this earlier in the unit so I can actually learn something. And then later, we would know the basic idea of the unit so the unit would go faster. A project is more beneficial because you can be more creative and learn more on your own. In "regular" classwork, all you do is listen to the teacher. THE
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