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Print Awareness

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Rigel Gamba

on 18 April 2017

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Transcript of Print Awareness

Children learn that written language is used for various purposes.
Rules or conventions that govern written language
The ability to map speech sounds
"The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you'll go."

Dr. Seuss
Functions of Print
Mapping Speech Onto Print
Technical Aspects of Print
Mapping speech helps students become successful readers and benefit from further experiences with written language. For some readers, failing to acquire an understanding of mapping principles can slow their progress in reading and writing development.
understands that speech can be written down and read and that what is written down can be spoken
is aware of the print environment
understands the message of the text
demonstrates one written word = one spoken word
uses context and other language-related clues
understands that the message of the text is constructed from print
visual clues embedded in books and print
location concepts

P 20
Tuesday, March 21, 2017
Vol VI, No. 24
Print Awareness
Concepts of Print
Birth to 18 months
refers to children's knowledge of the functions of print and how print works
includes an understanding on how books are read
in order to understand:
concept of word
concept of letter
early literacy development: oral language development, storybook reading, comprehension, writing
print aspects:
functional, mapping, technical
responds positively to book reading with adults
shows some ability to handle books, with assistance
carries and holds books
turns pages with help
pats pictures
names pictures of familiar objects
learns that print is symbolic
asks parent to read a book
Instrumental - used as a means of getting things and satisfying material needs
Regulatory - control the attitudes, behaviors, and feelings of others
Interactional - used as a means of getting along with others and establishing relative status; used for establishing separateness
Personal - express individuality, awareness of self, and pride
Representational - communicating information, providing descriptions, etc.
Print Milestones
birth to 18 months
18 months to 3 yrs
3 yrs to 4 yrs
4 yrs and above


Birth to 18 months
providing appropriate books
read books aloud
let the infant turn the pages
read favorite books again and again
encourage child to read books and explore
sit close to the child when reading
Board Books
Cloth Books
Touch-and-feel Books
Interactive Books
Books (Birth to 18 months)
18 months to 3 yrs.
recognize print in neighborhood, community, and environment
relate pictures with real objects, events, and ideas
searches for favorite pictures
recites familiar passages and may recite stories
coordinates text with pictures
has an idea of plot
will ask to read book over and over again
pretends to read books
awareness of the front and back parts
learns how to hold a book and how to turn the pages
BOOKS (18 months to 3 yrs.)
18 months to 3 yrs.
taking child for walks around the neighborhood and pointing out common signs and environmental print
increase conversation about pictures and stories in books
identify a variety of printed materials with the child
make reading a pleasure
Books with predictable patterns and repeated language
Interactive books
Books with interesting language
Picture books
3 yrs. to 4 yrs.
show growing awareness of the different functions of forms of print
show growing interest in reading-related activities
may recognize several books by their covers and know their titles
understand books are read from front to back, from left to right and by looking at the print rather than just the pictures
understands that one can use writing for communication
recognizes some letters and numbers
understands the concept of a word; letters; sentences; fact that print evokes meaning
increased text comprehension
3 yrs. to 4 yrs.
comment on the purpose of signs in the environment
model reading for pleasure
allow child to explore books independently
ask child what happens next in the story
point out words and letters as much as you can
put magnetic letters on refrigerator
Picture Books
Big Books
Alphabet/Phonics Books
Activity Books

BOOKS (3 yrs. to 4 yrs.)
4 yrs. and above
continue to make progress in differentiating, identifying, and reproducing letters
use previously mastered letter knowledge and phonological awareness skills to decipher alphabetic principle
words that were once recognized as visual gestalts may now be read
knows that each letter in the alphabet has a name
reads environmental print
points words on the pages of the book
distinguishes letters and numerals
recognizes own written name in print
understands that writing has different purposes
4 yrs. and above
model holding a book correctly and turn pages from left to right
use "big books" to allow child to track text as you read
pointing to printed word and asking, "What does it say?"
create opportunities for child to learn
provide books
set a reading schedule
Complex books
Books with moral lessons

BOOKS (4 yrs. and above)
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