Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Rogers Copy of Chapter 6

No description
by

John Rogers

on 30 October 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Rogers Copy of Chapter 6

What role did women play in the war?
What choices did African Americans have?
How was the war fought on the frontier and at sea?
Fighting for Liberty on Many Fronts
One reason the Patriots had to retreat often early in the war was that
a) Washington had fewer troops than the British.
b) the Patriot navy did most of the fighting.
c) Nathan Hale gave away Patriot secrets.
d) the war moved away from New England.

The American victory at Saratoga was important because it
a) tricked British General Howe away from Philadelphia.
b) revealed the spy Nathan Hale.
c) took by surprise a force of Germans fighting for England.
d) convinced the French to be an ally of the United States.
Section 3 Assessment
How did Common Sense influence the colonists?
What steps did Congress take to declare independence?
What are the main ideas of the Declaration of Independence?
The Colonies Declare Independence
Congress
ratified
, or approved, the
Treaty of Paris
on April 15, 1783.
The British
recognized the United States as an independent nation.
The boundaries of the United States extended from the
Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River
and from the
Great Lakes to Florida.
Florida was
returned
to Spain.
Americans
agreed to ask states to pay

Loyalists for property they had lost.
The Treaty of Paris
Cornwallis
planned
to
conquer Virginia.
American troops under
Lafayette
kept Cornwallis from succeeding.
Cornwallis was ordered
to send part of his army to New York.
Instead, he retreated
to Yorktown
peninsula.
A combined
American and French army

trapped Cornwallis
on the peninsula.
A
French fleet
kept Cornwallis from
escaping by sea.
The American and French armies
laid siege to Cornwallis’s army,
that is, they surrounded and blockaded the enemy position.
The British
lost the Battle of Yorktown.
They
surrendered.
The Battle of Yorktown
The War in the South
Some African Americans served in the
United States Army.
Some served in the newly formed
United States Navy.
Some were
minutemen.
Some enslaved African Americans
looked for freedom by following British troops.
African Americans Faced Hard Choices
Women took on
added work
at home.
Some
women joined their husbands at the front.
Betsy Ross
sewed flags for
Washington’s army.
A few women took part in battle, for example,
Mary Ludwig Hays
, known as
Molly Pitcher
.
Women Played a Role in the War
The War in the Middle States
Richard Henry Lee
introduced a resolution for independence.
Second Continental Congress debated the resolution. Members of Congress worried that the British
could hang them
as
traitors
,
people who betray their country
.
Congress appointed a committee to draw up a
formal declaration of independence
.
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the final document for the committee.
The declaration was
read to
Congress.
The delegates
voted to accept the declaration.
The declaration was
printed and signed.
Copies were distributed through the colonies.
Congress Declares Independence
When the Second Continental Congress first met, the members were hoping to
a) drive the British out of Boston.
b) establish an independent empire.
c) crush the revolt.
d) avoid a final break with Britain.

One of the Patriots’ advantages was that
a) they were fighting for their own homes and property.
b) they had an excellent navy.
c) Loyalists were on their side.
d) many colonists were willing to sign up for long periods of time.
Section 1
Assessment
When Washington reached Boston, he found
16,000 American troops waiting.
Washington began to
train an army
.
The cannon that the
Green Mountain Boys
captured arrived. Washington placed them on
Dorchester Heights
, overlooking
British ships
in the harbor.
British General Howe
spotted the cannon and left Boston for Canada.
How the Continental Army
Gained Control of Boston
British troops controlled
Boston
. Colonial militia
surrounded the city.
Across the river from Boston,
minutemen fired on British ships from Bunker Hill.
British troops
drew near to attack the colonists.
Two times the colonists turned back British attacks.
With the
third attack the British took Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill, but they suffered heavy losses.

The Battle of Bunker Hill showed:
Americans could fight bravely.
The British would not be easy to defeat.
The Battle of Bunker Hill
The
Second Continental Congress
met in Philadelphia. Members of Congress looked for
a way to avoid a break with Britain.
Congress sent the
Olive Branch Petition
to
King George III.
Congress
declared its loyalty to the king
.
Congress
asked the king
to
repeal the Intolerable Acts.
The king was
angry
. He ordered
more troops
to the colonies.
Ethan Allen
and the
Green Mountain Boys
, a band of Vermonters, took
Fort Ticonderoga
. They took British
cannons and gunpowder
and control of a key route into Canada.
The Second Continental Congress established the
Continental Army.
Congress Struggles
Between Peace and War
How did Congress struggle between peace and war with Britain?
What advantages did each side have as it entered the war?
How did the Continental Army gain control of Boston?
Fighting Begins in the North
Cornwallis’s army marched throughout the South. How was he finally stopped?
a) Loyalists turned against him.
b) He sent part of his army to New York, so he didn’t have enough troops.
c) Benedict Arnold betrayed his position.
d) French and American armies trapped him on a peninsula in the
Chesapeake Bay.

One provision of the Treaty of Paris was that
a) the United States kept Florida.
b) Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent nation
c) the states would pay money to France and Spain for their help.
d) the United States would pay Great Britain for government property.
Section 5 Assessment
Conditions at
Valley Forge
were
harsh
:
Mid-winter
snow, mud, and slush
Damp, drafty huts
; frozen ground
Soldiers
poorly clothed
; some
did not have shoes or coats.
Soldiers suffered from
frostbite
and
disease
Poor food
Hardships at Valley Forge
Colonists
did not owe loyalty
to
George III
or any other monarch.
Colonists
did not owe anything
to
Britain
. The British had helped the colonists for their own profit.
Staying under British rule would be
harmful to the colonies.
Many colonists felt loyal to Britain.
People felt they owed their allegiance to the king.
For Independence
Against Independence
Thomas Paine
wrote an essay—
Common Sense
—urging the colonies to
declare independence
. Paine and other
radicals—people who want to make drastic changes in society
—began to think of creating their own nation.
Common Sense Influenced the Colonists
Captain John Paul Jones captured the British warship Serapis.
At Sea
The governor of Spanish Louisiana supplied the Patriots.
Later, he seized British forts along the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico. He drove the British out of West Florida.
Southern Frontier
George Rogers Clark led Virginians against the British in the Ohio Valley.
The British surrendered the fort at Vincennes.
Middle Frontier
Mohawk Indians and Loyalists raided settlements in Pennsylvania and New York.
Patriots struck back by destroying Iroquois villages.
Northern Frontier
The War in the West and at Sea
Far from home
Attacked by the colonists in the countryside
Highly trained
and experienced.
Best navy
in the world.
Loyalists


American colonists who remained loyal to British.
British
Poorly organized and untrained
Few cannons, little gunpowder, no navy
Few colonists were willing to enlist for long terms
Disadvantages
Many Patriots owned rifles.
George Washington was a brilliant commander.
Patriots were determined to defend their homes and property.
Advantages
Patriots

colonists who favored war with Britain
Advantages and Disadvantages of Each Side
George Washington’s leadership and military skills were so good that he was respected by Americans and British alike
Leaders
Patriots gained skill as soldiers. They didn’t give up.
Patriotism
Spanish and French forces fought with the Americans. France, the Netherlands, and Spain loaned money. German and Polish officers provided training.
Foreign Help
Americans were fighting at home on familiar ground. The British were far from home in unknown territory.
Geography
Why Americans Won the War
Want to connect to the American Nation link for this section? Click here.
Which statement is true of the Patriot army?
a) All African Americans could join.
b) African Americans could not join at all.
c) Free African Americans could join.
d) Free African Americans could join, but they could serve only as spies.

Which statement is true of the war in the West?
a) Native Americans fought for both sides in the war.
b) Native Americans were chased into the hills and stayed until after the war.
c) Native Americans sided only with the British.
d) Native Americans sided only with the Americans.
Section 4 Assessment
Chapter 6, Section 4
Why did Britain decide to start fighting in the South?
How did the Americans and French defeat the British at the Battle of Yorktown?
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?
What factors helped the Americans win the war?
Winning the War in the South
Which statement is true of the Patriot army?
a) All African Americans could join.
b) African Americans could not join at all.
c) Free African Americans could join.
d) Free African Americans could join, but they could serve only as spies.

Which statement is true of the war in the West?
a) Native Americans fought for both sides in the war.
b) Native Americans were chased into the hills and stayed until after the war.
c) Native Americans sided only with the British.
d) Native Americans sided only with the Americans.
Section 4 Assessment
The War in the West
Francis Marion, the Swamp Fox, led a small band of soldiers that harassed the British in the South.
Guerrilla, or hit and run, warfare
A bloody battle. The Americans retreated, but the British suffered great losses.
Guilford Court House
Patriot General Daniel Morgan fooled the British into thinking his army was retreating, then turned and fired on the British.
Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina
General Nathanael Greene struck the British when he had a geographical advantage and wore them down.
The Carolinas
Patriots took the mountain from a Loyalist force.
Showed that Britain could lose in the South.
Kings Mountain, South Carolina
The British seized these cities in 1778.
Savannah, Georgia
Charleston and Camden, South Carolina
Britain Takes the War to the South
General
John
Burgoyne
planned to
defeat
the Americans.
Three
British
armies
would march on
Albany
from different directions and
crush
American forces.
General Howe
was supposed to
capture Philadelphia first,
then
march on Albany
. Howe
retired
to Philadelphia
instead.
Two
British
armies
marched toward
Albany
.
Americans drove one
of the British
armies back at Fort Stanwix.
Only one British army was left
to march on
Albany.
In the Battle of
Saratoga,
north of Albany,
Americans defeated the British.

Burgoyne
was
forced to surrender his entire army.
The victory
boosted American spirits
and
led France to become one of America’s allies

nations that work together to achieve a common goal.
Saratoga—A Turning Point
The victories at Trenton and Princeton gave Americans new hope.
British General Charles Cornwallis set out to retake Trenton. Washington fooled him and slipped behind his troops to attack other British forces at Princeton.
Battle of
Princeton
The Americans took a force of German soldiers prisoner.
On Christmas night, Washington led a surprise attack on Trenton.
Battle of
Trenton
The British chased the Americans into Pennsylvania.
Results
Americans were outnumbered and defeated.
What Happened
Battle of Long Island
Battle
Battles in New York and New Jersey
What battles were fought in New York and New Jersey?
How did the Battle of Saratoga mark a turning point in the war?
What hardships did the Continental Army suffer at Valley Forge?
Struggles in the Middle States
Want to connect to the American Nation link for this section? Click here.
The essay Common Sense
a) was never printed but was passed on by word of mouth.
b) argued that Parliament had a right to make laws for the colonies.
c) convinced many people that it was time to separate from Britain.
d) urged colonists to remain under British rule.

According to the Declaration of Independence, people form governments in order to
a) make war and provide jobs.
b) make drastic changes in society.
c) express their allegiance to a ruler.
d) protect their natural rights and liberties.
Section 2 Assessment
Chapter 6, Section 2
The essay Common Sense
a) was never printed but was passed on by word of mouth.
b) argued that Parliament had a right to make laws for the colonies.
c) convinced many people that it was time to separate from Britain.
d) urged colonists to remain under British rule.

According to the Declaration of Independence, people form governments in order to
a) make war and provide jobs.
b) make drastic changes in society.
c) express their allegiance to a ruler.
d) protect their natural rights and liberties.
Section 2 Assessment
Preamble
Introduction; explains that the declaration will tell why the colonies want to break from Great Britain.
The Declaration of Independence
France gives military and naval support to American forces
Victory at Saratoga proves to France that Americans can win
Americans defeat British at Saratoga
France gives American rebels money and supplies but stays neutral
Americans appeal to France for support during the Revolutionary War
France and Britain in conflict for many years
Conflict between France and Britain increases after the French and Indian War
Saratoga—A Turning Point
Advantages
Disadvantages
After the battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775, revolutionary forces had beseiged the British in Boston. But they lacked the strength to force tham out of the city and the months dragged on. In December Henry Knox arrived at Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York, which had been captured earlier from the British. He took charge of the monumental task of disassembling some 59 guns and transporting them, first by barge on Lake George, and then by ox-pulled sleds, to Boston. The journey of 300 miles took almost two months, but on January 24, 1776, the artillery train arrived in Cambridge, Massachussetts. Six weeks later the guns were moved up to Dorchester Heights, overlooking Boston, and the British began evacuating the city.
For or Against?
The Independence Idea
First part—Natural rights. Rights that belong to all people from birth, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Governments exist to protect people’s natural rights.
Second part—British wrongs.Great Britain has committed many wrongs. King George III disbanded colonial legislatures, sent troops, and limited colonial trade. The colonists asked for justice but did not get it.
Third part—Independence. The colonies are now a free and independent nation—
the United States of America.
"I have not yet begun to fight..."
Britain Takes the War to the South
Full transcript