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Mesopotamian Government and Law

By Sami Kowan Alanna Hofer

Sami Kowan

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of Mesopotamian Government and Law

By Sami and Alanna The government of Mesopotamia was somewhat similar to democracy. The early Sumerians would elect a group of people to run the government. The kings in Sumer were elected by this assembly, but as time went on, the kings started to think of themselves as Gods, and they would give their power to their family members when they grew too old. The kings provided a strong military force, leadership, and they established laws. Contributions To The Field The most important achievement made by ancient Mesopotamian governments would be the development of the first written set of laws. Though these laws seem irrational to us, they were deemed 'fair' by King Hammurabi, mainly because they were consistent. Most Important Achievement -With Hammurabi's Code of Law, punishments for crimes were set in stone and could not be changed on a whim.
- Sumerians developed the first form of democracy (due to elections of kings and governors).
- Assyrians developed a kind of dictatorship and military occupation.
- Social Impact With Innovations Mesopotamian Government and Law Comparisons Sumer Babylonia Assyria Chaldea -They made unwritten laws
- Gilgamesh ruled as king. - Hammurabi ruled as king and made the first written laws. -Was ruled by a dictatorship
-Ashurnasirpal oppressed his people and used military occupation to keep order. -Was no longer ruled by a dictator
- No longer under military occupation The End This video has no relevance to the project.
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