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Geography unit 2 test

Mind map study sheet

Jamie Southward

on 18 November 2012

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Transcript of Geography unit 2 test

The Environment Unit Test DEVELOPED BY THE ABORIGINALS What Can We Learn? Silence so they could catch the meal
Respect; only take what we need and not be greedy (They did not need both animals so they didn't kill the doe because she seemed pregnant allowing the unborn fawn to live in the future and provide them with food later on)
Sharing only a few men gathered the meat or food/meal they still shared it with the others giving it to the sick or weakest first then the others could eat, if any was left and not used it was kept for later use T.E.K Traditional


Knowledge Ecological
Footprints Problems today
within the western world! It is more developed and greater population is causing them to have a costly life style and needs more necessities to survive/supply everyone in the population Developed countries have a higher EF than developing Countries! Larger Populations and have richer living Standards This is like in the western Side Water Ways To Reduce Over Consumption of food: Growing more closer to home
Eating all food at meals (no waste)
Buying or making what we need Ways to reduce EF overall: Use less gas
Be ecologically friendly
Take Public Transit People can die from unsafe drinking water
Lack of Sanitation
Insufficient water for hygiene
dehydration body is 70% water
Lack of water kills a child every 8 seconds Don't waste water (e.g. turn of tap when water is not being used
Stop marine pollution
Clean the water before drinking
Take shorter showers Only 2.5% - 3% of earth's water is fresh We are lacking clean drinking water by contaminating it PROBLEMS SOLUTIONS CLIMATE
CHANGE! Ecological Footprints more.. The Six Components used to measure the Ecological Footprint Energy Land
Crop Land
Pasture Land
Forest Land
Built Area Amount and type of food consumed
Amount and type of electricity used
Size of house or apartment
Gasoline use
Fuel efficiency
Miles traveled by vehicle, transit, bike or foot
Population density
Average household size
Consumer spending
Energy use
Urban land use Measuring the EF of nations (regions/countries) How to do it for bigger places SUSTAINABILITY NIMBY how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time
the potential for long term maintenance of well being, which has environmental, economic, and social dimensions
depends in complex ways on what resources are being used, whether or not those resources are renewable, and the scale of the human activity relative to the carrying capacity of the ecosystems involved WE NEED 1.5 PLANETS TO MEET OUR NEEDS! THIS IS BECAUSE OUR INDIVIDUAL EF IS SO HIGH Not In My Back Yard Enviromental
Racism? Low-income residents, quite often people of color, are more likely to live near pollution sources including industrial centers, incinerators, and hazardous waste treatments This goes practically into these peoples backyard What is E-waste? E-waste is Garbage electronics (e.x Computers, phones ect.) These also get thrown into other peoples "backyards" What is Global Warming doing? 3 things that are happening... Papua New Guinea is sinking but is unknown, shoreline is receding (now a mosquito infested swamp)
The polar bears are becoming extinct due to the fact that ice sheets are melting
Africa is becoming hotter Why else is this happening? Green house gases Necessary for survival: without green house gases temperature would drop by 33 degrees killing all life on earth
without them less heat escapes into space, temperature would increase too much from human activity
types of gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, water vapors, and halo carbons (halo carbons is man made everything else is natural) Greenhouse Effect It Is.. Gases in the Atmosphere absorb some heat before it escapes into space We measure this in hectares= 2.7 acres Everyone should have a total hectare of 1.8 Core Beliefs The overall driver of the human impact on Earth systems is the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially the earth ecosystems. By using natural resources wisely, we can ensure sustainability Stewardship A responsibility to take care of something owned by someone else
an ethic that embodies cooperative planning and management of environmental resources with organizations, communities and others
actively engaging in the prevention of loss of habitat and facilitating its recovery in the interest of long term sustainability
the responsibility for environmental quality shared by all those whose actions affect the environment Core Beliefs As consumers, it is our responsibility to ensure the products we no longer need are recycled or disposed of in ways that have the least impact on our environment. Global Warming Effects:
glaciation (ice age): results of temperature dropping
sea levels rise from melting glaciers=lands flood
Animals lose habitats (ex. polar bears)
Decreased rain in drier areas= droughts
vegetation, economies and wilderness will be destroyed
homes are ruined (weather refugees)
increased rain in rainy areas - floods
increase in extreme weather events
increased spread of deadly/infectious diseases
increased death rate due to smog and extreme heat Causes Passenger road transportation aka gas/diesel
Heating and cool systems
Water heating
Appliances Solutions Minimize activities that release fixed carbons into the air
Protect & expand carbon sinks
Do not burn enormous amounts of fossil fuels
Protect/expand forests (before cutting down a tree make sure we really need it)
Protect oceans (stop marine pollution)
Use the wood from each tree as efficiently as possible What is the Environment? The environment encompasses all living things and the interactions that living species have with one another that occur naturally on our planet. The Lorax How is the Lorax effective at educating Children?
By making the books/movies funny, cute, and keeping the explanation short and simple The lorax educated children about the environment why is this important? Children are the future generations and one day earth will be theirs and we want them to live in a clean and healthy world
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