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AUTOMATION in AVIATION

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by

Holackow Khan

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of AUTOMATION in AVIATION

SURVIVAL MANUAL
FM 3-05.70
US Government Agencies
Special warfar center
carolina 28310-5000


Definition
Goal
Result
AUTOMATION IN AVIATION
Optimization
Accident
Research
Result
Conclusion



Published in Aviation Human Factors
Editors : Daniel J. Garland, John Wise and David Hopkin Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Inc. Publishers , NJ. , 1998

LEA 98'
vast movement
improve & control
Performance &
Risks
Advanced
Societies
incorporated in the global evolution
AS a tool
more comfort & happiness
better Performance
fewer Problems
substitute human effort & intelligence
Residual problems
Several years of optimization & regulation
JETs replaced Propellers
Automation of Cockpit
introduction of
B707
B727
the current transition
Successive cycles of optimization for Design , training & regulation
''people do not yet know how to optimize complex systems & reach the
max safety
level without
Experience''
????
identified design
disappear with appropriate training
identified design
more difficult to treat
Require changes in automation design
without design changes
NO TIMETABLE
Policies are revisited under the pressure
the recent U.S public reaction to the VALUJET accident in Miami
oxygen cans
110 death
a strong smoke & heat
Explosion
change in pressure resulting in a false altitude and speed
smoke detectors
in
the cargo hold
small change in design
FAA grounded the society
& change the design by making :
Obligatory
Avoided
Teams
the study of Automation-induced
problems
:
also true for the
automation of cockpits
marked by a series of major pilot error-induced
incidents & accidents
The concepts of
irony
of automation (Bain Bridge 1987)
Clumsy
automation (Wiener 1989)
Insufficient
situation/mode Awareness (Endsley 1996)
Generic solutions :
the concepts of
human-centered
automation (Billings 1997)
more than a success
for

psycho sociologists
human factors intensively
used
to satisfy
the end user (pilot)
and
to sell
the product
How effectively human factors are used in design & operations ???
industry still belief that
human factors
relies much more on
good sense
&
past experience
than on
theory
New light
by Regulatory Authorities :
FAA Human Factors Team
JAA Human Factors Steering Group
OACI's International Human Factors Seminar
& the fear of Legal consequences

my study gives priority to
identify
those
mismatches
between
industry
&
the theorists
and it will be divided into three sections :
1-the
current status
of A/C Automation
2-started by a brief description of
automation drawbacks,
then shows the
mismatch
of the
pilot's model
between
industry & academics
3-focuses on
solutions
suggested by theorists to improve
Man-Machine interface
thank you for your attention
for safety reason
& public disgrace if new crash occur
AUTOMATION
HUMAN FACTORS
Ergonomics (or human factors) is the
scientific discipline
concerned with the
understanding of interactions
between
humans
and other
elements
of a system
POSTPONED
(NTSB)
United Airlines Flight 173 crash
enhanced situational awareness, self awareness, leadership, assertiveness, decision making, flexibility, adaptability, event and mission analysis, and communication
Full transcript