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Ferdinand Magellan

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by

L Hol

on 12 January 2014

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Transcript of Ferdinand Magellan

FERDINAND MAGELLAN
What did he want to do?
He wanted to try to reach south-east Asia, where many spices grew, by sailing westwards across the Atlantic Ocean.
At the start of the 1500s, no one had ever sailed around the world. Ferdinand Magellan also wanted to sail past South America, and across the Pacific Ocean. It is possible that, like Columbus (an explorer before himself). Magellan thought he could get to Asia that way where he could buy spices. Then he could sail home past India and Africa on an a-round-the-world trip. He also wanted to find another route to Eastern Asia.
Magellan fell out with the king of Portugal, but the king of Spain agreed to help him. The king paid for 5 ships. The ships were named the Trinidad, the Santiago, the Victoria, the Concepcion, and the San Antonio. In September of 1519 Magellan set sail in his attempt to find another route to Eastern Asia. There were over 270 men and five ships under his command. Magellan sailed down the coast of South America until he found a way through the Pacific Ocean. Sailing across the Pacific, many of the crew died from a disease called Scurvy. This is a disease when you gums swell up because you hadn't eaten enough fruit and vegetable.
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese sailor.
He was a clever man.
He was very good at maths and science. These skills helped him on his exploration.
He was also brave.
He acted calm though all the difficult weather.


Ships
Ferdinand Magellan's signature
QUIZ
which of these foods would have helped to save Magellan's men from scurvy?
a)Lemon juice
b)Burger in a bun
c)Glass of milk
d)Cabbage
e)Chocolate cake
QUIZ
true or false?

Ferdinand Magellan ships went past NORTH AMERICA???
DISASTER STRUCK
Magellan made it across the Pacific - but then disaster struck
After landing in the Philippines in 1521, Magellan made friends with the king of the island of Cebu. The king was fighting a war and he wanted Magellan to help him. Magellan and some of his crew went into battle, and Magellan was sadly killed. The rest of the crew took 2 of the ships and escaped.
WHO WAS LEFT
IN THE END, JUST 1 OF MAGELLAN'S SHIPS MADE IT BACK TO SPAIN
Only one of the original five ships made it back to Spain. It was the Victoria captained by Juan Sebastian del Cano. It picked up a cargo of spices in Indonesia and sailed home. Magellan had taken over 270 crew with him, but less than 20 of them returned. It returned in September of 1822, three years after first leaving. They were the first people to have sailed all the way around the world.
ANOTHER 55 YEARS WENT BY BEFORE ANYONE SAILED AROUND THE WORLD AGAIN.
Queen Elizabeth 1 asked an English privateer (like a pirate) named Francis Drake to try a round - the - world trip in 1577. He made money on the way by robbing a Spanish ships (the queen said he could!) After his three - year voyage, Drake returned to England. Queen Elizabeth gave a huge reward of £10,000.
WHO'S NEXT!
WHAT WAS FERDINAND MAGELLAN GOOD AT.
•The ship that Magellan commanded was the Trinidad.
•The total distance traveled by the Victoria was over 42,000 miles.
•Magellan's knee was wounded in battle, causing him to walk with a limp.
•Many of the sailors were Spanish and did not trust Magellan because he was Portuguese.
•The King of Portugal, King Manuel I, sent ships to stop Magellan, but was unsuccessful.
•On the long journey across the Pacific the sailors ate rats and sawdust to survive.

FUN FACTS
One of the survivors was a sailor and scholar named Antonio Pigafetta. He wrote detailed journals throughout the voyage recording all that happened. Much of what we know about Magellan's travels comes from his journals. He told of the exotic animals and fish they saw as well as the terrible conditions they endured.
Antonio Pigafetta
Magellan continued to sail south. Soon he found the passage he was seeking. He called the passage the All Saints' Channel. Today it is called the Straits of Magellan. Finally he entered into a new ocean on the other side of the new world. He called the ocean the Pacifico, meaning peaceful.

Now that they were on the other side of South America, the ships sailed for China. There were only three ships left at this point as the Santiago had sunk and the San Antonio had disappeared.

Magellan thought it would only take a few days to cross the Pacific Ocean. He was wrong. It took nearly four months for the ships to make it to the Mariana Islands. They barely made it and nearly starved during the voyage.

Finding the Passenger.
Full transcript