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Transcript of El Salvador
It is estimated that there are 500 species of birds, 1,000 species of butterflies, 400 species of orchids, 800 species of trees, and 800 species of marine fish in El Salvador Native Plants The fruit of the Izote plant is used in cooking in El Salvador. •The national flower of El Salvador is called the "Flor de Izote". National tree is the Maquilishuat Parts of the tree are sometimes eaten to eliminate intestinal parasites, malaria, uterine cancer, anemia, constipation, fevers, tonsil inflammation, and more Other native plants include include orchids and ferns, and other native trees include palm, mangrove, rubber, dogwood, mahogany, cedar, walnut, pine, oak, and balsam Hydroelectric- 35.5%
Fossil fuels- 42.3%
El Salvador is the largest producer of geothermal energy in Central America Don’t produce oil, but they have a refinery where they produce 16,750 bbl/day petroleum
Mineral production contributed less than 1% to the GDP.
The country has produced gold and silver in the past Industrial minerals, especially limestone, were the primary commodities of the industry Copper, lead, zinc, and sands containing titanium and ilmenite were also found in El Salvador. Agriculture Coffee, sugar, cotton, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, and sorghum are the main products grown
Cattle and hogs are the predominant livestock in El Salvador Cattle are used for production of both meat and milk.
The poultry industry is one of El Salvador's most organized and efficient agri-businesses Commercial production accounts for 80% of poultry meat and about 75% of egg production. •Horses, mules, and goats are also raised. The fishing industry centers on shrimp, but scaled fish include freshwater Robalo, Sea Bass, Mullet, Mackerel, Swordfish, and Red Mouth
Forest products include lumber such as Mahogany, Walnut, and Cedar, for furniture and cabinet work. El Salvador is the world's main source of balsam, a medicinal gum Environmental Concern El Salvador is the second most deforested country in Latin America after Haiti. Deforestation Deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
• Almost 85 percent of its forested cover has disappeared since the 1960s, leaving about 5 percent of the land area forested The forests of El Salvador have been cut down for firewood, coffee plantations, and for the building of homes. The result is the destruction of wildlife habitats in El Salvador. Deforestation is a contributor to global warming
•Over 50 percent of El Salvador is not even suitable for food cultivation, and much of the country has severe soil erosion All of the eroded soil leaves the land vulnerable to flooding and landslides Other dangers in El Salvador include water pollution and contamination of soils from the disposal of toxic wastes Organizations are monitoring deforestation, providing incentives to encourage countries to limit deforestation, and working on reforestation Economic System GDP: $44.78 billion;
Per Capita: $7,600.
Labor force: 2.577 million
services 60.7% Industries: Agriculture, Beverages, Chemicals, Electricity, Fertilizer, Fishing, Food Processing, Footwear, Forestry, Petroleum Products, Textiles, and Clothing •Exports: $5.309 billion: coffee, sugar, shrimp, cotton, textiles, chemicals, electricity Imports: $10.2 billion: raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, and foodstuffs Continued... Major trading partners: U.S., Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, Germany, Japan, and China In urban areas, the business units are mainly small shops In rural regions, individual traders do business at town marketplaces, where produce, meat, fruit, handicrafts, ceramics, and flowers are sold Government El Salvador's government system is a Republic. Their president is Mauricio Funes They have a Supreme Court and Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches They have president and vice president elections every 5 years The executive power is in the president, who is elected by popular vote The president must be native-born, over 30 years old, the offspring of native-born parents, and is not eligible for immediate re-election.
There are 14 departments, which are similar to states or provinces •Each department has its own governor and alternate governor, and each city has a mayor and a city council- All elected by popular vote. Independence El Salvador gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821 Some of the people who signed it were the same ones who gave the first shout of independence on November 5, 1811. Their Declaration of Independence was signed that day Every September 15, there is a big celebration that takes place.
•Independence Day in El Salvador is one of the most important days for them and is also a national holiday. • There are parades, marching bands, and fireworks at the end of the day. Sex Distribution: 49.0% male, 51.0% female Cultural Aspects Spanish is the official language and is commonly spoken among most El Salvadorans •The native language is Nahua, and some native people of El Salvador still speak the language today
Religion: 57.1% Roman Catholic, 21.2% Protestant, 1.9% Jehovah's Witnesses, 0.7% Mormon, 2.3% other religions, and 16.8% no religion Literacy rate: 81.1% The population is about 90% mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian), 9% European, and 1% Amerindian . El Salvador was home to many native tribes, including Pipil, Lenca, and Maya. The Pipil lived in western El Salvador and spoke Nahua When El Salvador was taken over by the Spanish, their tribes were conquered. Continued... Later, the Spaniards had children with the natives, resulting in the Mestizos population Today, many Pipil and other original tribes live in small towns in El Salvador About half of all Salvadorans are poor and live in the countryside with no electricity or running water. The wealthy families live in San Salvador in houses and apartments The government offers education to children up to ninth grade, but many families can't afford the cost of supplies, transportation, and uniforms. About three million Salvadorans live in the United States and send money home to El Salvador. Population Density and Distribution El Salvador is the most densely populated country in Central America despite its size. • Total area: 8,124 sq mi El Salvador's Population: 6,090,646 Wisconsin's population is 5,726,398 •United States' population is 315,882,000 El Salvador's density: 131 inhabitants per sq mi. Wisconsin's density: 105.2 inhabitants per square mile •United States' density: 88.08 inhabitants per square mile
In 2005, El Salvador was placed number 98 in population among the 193 nations of the world. Continued... Growth rate: 0.3%
• Birth Rate: 17.44/1000 Infant Mortality Rate: 19.66/1000 Life Expectancy: 73.69 years old The capital city, San Salvador, has a population of 1,424,000 people Other major cities and their estimated populations are Santa Ana (250,000 people) and San Miguel (245,428 people). Relief Map
El Salvador is between latitudes of 13°N and 15°N, and longitudes of 87W° and 91°W "Temperate Rainforests." www.heathwood.org. N.p.. Web. 17 May 2013.
Terrain is mostly mountains with a narrow coastal belt and a central plateau Lowest point is the Pacific Ocean (0 ft.), highest point is the Cerro El Pital Mountain (8957 ft.) 90% of El Salvador was created from volcanic eruptions The capital (San Salvador) is 2,237 ft. above sea level The country has over twenty volcanoes, some being Santa Ana (7,812 ft.), San Vicente (7,129 ft.), San Miguel (6,995 ft.), and Izalco (6,447 ft.) Only San Miguel and Izalco have been active in recent years. El Salvador has several lakes including Ilopango, Coatepeque, and the largest, Güija. There are over 300 rivers, the most important being Rio Lempa It originates in Guatemala and runs south into El Salvador, eventually reaching the Pacific Ocean Other rivers include the Goascotán, Jiboa, Torola, Paz, and the Río Grande de San Miguel There are two parallel mountain ranges and a central plateau between them Continued...
The mountain ranges and central plateau cover 85% of the land Works Cited Schmaltz, Jeff. "Maps, Satellite Photos, and Images of El Salvador." www.zonu.com. N.p., 1 Mar 2003. Web. 17 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.climate-zone.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013. "Monthly averages for San Salvador, El Salvador." www.weather.com. N.p.. Web. 17 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.kids.nationalgeographic.com. N.p.. Web. 17 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.worldatlas.com. N.p.. Web. 17 May 2013. "Animals in El Salvador." www.listofcountriesoftheworld.com. N.p.. Web. 17 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.rainforests.mongabay.com. N.p., 06 Feb 2006. Web. 17 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.maps.com. N.p., 26 Sep 2011. Web. 20 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.nationsencyclopedia.com. N.p.. Web. 20 May 2013. "El Salvador." www.encyclopedia.com. N.p.. Web. 20 May 2013.
"El Salvador." www.factmonster.com. N.p.. Web. 20 May 2013 "El Salvador." www.cia.gov. N.p., 8 May 2013. Web. 20 May 2013.