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Federal Special Education Laws

Brief overview of: Federal Special Education Laws

Amy Hughes

on 6 January 2015

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Transcript of Federal Special Education Laws

Federal Special Education Laws
IDEA (2004)
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
NCLB: No Child Left Behind Act (2002)
ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
Study Plan Connections:
Section 504 of the Rehabilitations Act of 1973
Originally was called Education for the Handicapped Act (PL 94-142).

Last updated in 2004 under PL 108-446 which is known as the Individuals with Disabilities Improvement Act.

Major provisions of IDEA: Least restrictive environment, IEPs, Due-Process rights and hearings, Related services, Nondiscriminatory assessment, FAPE, Transfer of rights, Discipline, State assessments, Mediation/resolution, and Transition planning.

This law: prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, State and local government services, public accommodations, commercial facilities, and transportation.
Is referred to as the "civil rights act for the disabled"
This law: is designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Education (ED).
The Section 504 regulations require a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified student with a disability who is in the school district's jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability.
Originally called the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

This law: is based on four education reform principles:
1. Stronger school accountability
2. Increased flexibility to respon to specific needs
3. Expanded options for parents
4. teaching methods with strong positive research basis
Contact the Course Mentors:

Dr. Amy Hughes Dr. Lynn Brogan
866-895-9660 ext. 4920 866-895-9660 ext. 4110
amy.hughes@wgu.edu lynn.brogan@wgu.edu

Learning Resources:
Uwillteach: Course 1, Module 1 Lesson 1, 2 and 3

Vital Source: Characteristics Textbook: Chapter 1

Parent Center Hub website: Disability Laws
Side Note:
Part B of IDEA is school aged 3-21
Part C of IDEA is early intervention aged 0-3
Full transcript