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Personality Disorders

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Alex Saga

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Personality Disorders

by: Sharlene Tejada
Rodnique Whitley
Mariela Quesada
Diana Pastrana
Alex Miyazaki Personality Disorders Personality Disorder Paranoid Personality Disorder Schizotypal Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Dependent Personality Disorder Anti-Social Personality Disorder Other Personality Disorders Definition: Any psychological disorder characterized by inflexible, long-standing, maladaptive traits that cause significantly impaired functioning or great distress in one's personal and social life. Histrionic PD - Histrionic personality disorder is a condition in which people act in a very emotional and dramatic way that draws attention to themselves. Some Facts About Personality Disorders Personality disorders are found in about 9% of adults in the U.S.
Women and men are affected equally, but gender can influence the type of personality disorder
7 most common types are:
Paranoid PD
Schizotypal PD
Histrionic PD
Obsessive-Compulsive PD
Dependent PD
Borderline PD
Antisocial PD Personality Disorder Statistics General Characteristics of Personality Disorders Troubled Childhood
Childhood Problems Continuing to Adulthood
Maladaptive or Poor Personal Relationships
Abnormal Behaviors That are at the Extreme End of the Behavioral Continuum Definition of Borderline PD Borderline personality disorder is a condition in which people have long-term patterns of unstable or turbulent emotions, such as feelings about themselves and others.
These inner experiences often cause them to take impulsive actions and have chaotic relationships. Symptoms of Borderline PD Uncertainty about identity
Interests and values change rapidly
Sees things in terms of extremes
Fear of abandonment
Feelings of emptiness and boredom
Impulsive with money, substance abuse, sexual relationships, binge eating and shoplifting
Intolerance of being alone
Repeated crises and acts of self injury as wrist cutting or overdosing Causes of Borderline PD Genetic, family and social factors
Abandonment in childhood or adolescence
Disrupted family life
Poor communication in family
Sexual abuse Treatment for Borderline PD Individual talk therapies such as the Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
Group therapies to treat self-destructive behavior
Medications can help with mood swings and depression KEY TERM Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) - a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy, which helps patients identify thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions that make their life challenging and teaches them different way to think and react. Effectiveness of Borderline PD Treatments Dialectical Behavioral Therapy can successfully treat Borderline PD with a 60% success rate for non-violent patients and 42% success rate for violent patients
Medications and other forms of therapies can help in addition to DBT Cultural & Gender Considerations for Borderline PD Tends to occur more often in women than men and more often in hospitalized psychiatric patients.
The fascinating and challenging nature of BPD does have a significant cultural component encompassing explanatory, interpretive, pathogenic, pathoplastic, diagnostic/nosological, and service management aspects. Definition of Paranoid PD A personality disorder characterized by unwarranted mistrust and suspicion, hyper sensitivity to the words or actions of others, and rigidity of emotions or behaviors. Symptoms of Paranoid PD Distrust and suspicion of others
Believing that others are trying to harm you
Emotional detachment
Unforgiving of insults or injuries Causes of Paranoid PD No one knows what causes paranoid personality disorder. Some therapists believe that the behavior may be caused by childhood experiences. Children who are exposed to adult anger & rage with no way to predict outburst, can develop paranoid ways of thinking. Treatments for Paranoid PD Behavioral therapy - the caregiver may help you and teach you to ways to avoid arguments and help you understand your disorder
Counseling - your caregiver may ask to explain your fears & beliefs. They can teach you ways to get along with people better.
Psychotherapy - Your caregiver may teach you ways to cope with your symptoms Effectiveness of Paranoid PD Treatments Behavioral therapy is often effective in helping individuals adjust distorted thought patterns
Psychotherapy is generally used to treat this disorder and it is effective
Counseling can also be effective Cultural & Gender Considerations for Paranoid PD The disorder is more common in men than in women. Definition of Dependent PD A long term (chronic) condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional & physical needs. Symptoms of Dependent PD Avoiding being alone
Avoiding personal responsibility
Becoming easily hurt by criticism or disapproval
Becoming overly focused on fears of being abandoned Treatments for Dependent PD Talk therapy (psychotherapy) is considered to be the most effective treatment for gradually helping people with this condition make more independent choices in life. Causes of Dependent PD Dependent personality disorder usually begins in childhood. The causes of this disorder are unknown. Effectiveness of Dependent PD Treatments Improvements are usually seen only with long-term therapy. Cultural and Gender Considerations for Dependent PD It is one of the most common personality disorders, and is equally common in men and women. Definition of Anti-Social PD Antisocial personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting, or violating rights of others (criminal behavior). Symptoms of Anti-Social PD Witty/charming personality
Manipulating others
Breaking the law repeatedly
Disregard others safety
Substance abuse
Lie, steal, and fight often
No guilt or remorse for their actions
Have lots anger and arrogance Causes of Anti-Social PD The causes are unknown. Some contributes to this disorder are child abuse, fire-setting and animal cruelty during their childhood. Antisocial or alcoholic parents children are more at risk and its more common for men and people who are in prison. Treatments for Anti-Social PD This is one of the most difficult personality disorders to treat. People with this condition usually never seek help on their own, unless it is ordered by the court. Effectiveness of Anti-Social PD Treatments There's not really a great effect by the treatment since it is one of the most difficult personality disorders to treat but they usually improve by their 40's since they develop the condition late teens early 20's. Cultural/Gender Considerations for Anti-Social PD Its more common among men, kids with a bad childhood, alcoholic parents, and people in prison. Obsessive-Compulsive PD - Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a condition in which a person is preoccupied with rules, orderliness, and control. Definition of Schizotypal PD Schizotypal personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has trouble with relationships and disturbances in thought patterns, appearance, and behavior. Symptoms of Schizotypal PD They're usually disturbed, have unusual preoccupations and fears - like being monitored by the government agencies.
They behave oddly and have unusual beliefs (like aliens). Clings to beliefs so strongly that it prevents them from having relationships. They feel upset by difficulty in forming and keeping close relationships. Causes of Schizotypal PD Cause is unknown, but genes are thought to be involved because the condition is more common in relatives of schizophrenics. Treatments for Schizotypal PD Some may be helped with anti-psychotic medications. Pyscho-therapy is also a big part of treatment; including social skills training. Effectiveness of Schizotypal PD Treatments Schizotypal personality disorder is usually a long-term (chronic) illness. The outcome of treatment varies based on the severity of the disorder. Cultural & Gender Considerations for Schizotypal PD Schizotypal personality disorder occurs in 3% of the general population and is slightly more common in males. Case Study The End~ Pathogenic - able to cause disease; "infective agents"
Pathoplastic factors refer to the uniqueness of symptom expression
Nosological - (nosology) the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease

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