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APUSH: World War I: Wilson, War, and Peace; Effects of the War (30)
Transcript of APUSH: World War I: Wilson, War, and Peace; Effects of the War (30)
The War and its Aftermath
Solutions to the War
America Provides Help
Wilson and his Fourteen Points -"Peace without Victory"
1. Describe how the U.S. military contributed to the Allied victory in the war.
When it comes to war, how should the losing nations be punished? Should they be punished?
2. Analyze the outcome of the Paris Peace Conference and how the decisions made differed from Wilson's aims in the Fourteen Points.
3. Explain the problems Americans faced immediately after the war.
4. Understand America's new global role after the war.
Limited effectiveness of unrestricted submarine warfare
A Boost on the Front
Eastern front had closed
Germany and Austria-Hungary lose hope, surrender 11/1918
Russia Bows Out of Eastern Front 1917
Takes control of the revolution in Russia, communist base
Allows Germany to focus on the Western Front
Helps with Moral Diplomacy
Peace by noble ideas, not vengeance
There were three categories:
(1-4)Prevention, boundary changes and colonies (Self-Determination) (5-13), and international organization (League of Nations) (14)
Paris Peace Conference
Allies Want Revenge
Territory, Colonies, Army
Led by Lloyd-George (Britain) and Clemenceau (France)
Treaty of Versailles Had No Chance at Home
Republican controlled Senate
Wilson and Opponents Can't Compromise
U.S. does not join the League of Nations-Senators did not want to commit to alliances, future wars, lose Monroe Doctrine!
Effects of World War I
Problems at Home
Harding Charts a New Course
1. Domestic Problems
2. Labor Unrest
3. Red Scare (Communism)
4. Harding Charts a New Course
Women and African Americans lose gains
Lenin's success helped fuel
Launched by Attorney General Palmer
Looked for radicals, but often just immigrants
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomea Vanzetti Case-Example of Hysteria
Rejects Wilson Idealism
Return to Normalcy
The Big Picture
What are the big themes of these three pieces of US history?
An Emerging World Power
World War I and Beyond
Merchant ships traveled with warships for protection
U.S. provides critical aid on the Western front (1918)
Act to keep peace
Treaty of Versailles
Central Powers Give Up Land
Disarm Germany And Forced To Admit Full Responsibility (Guilt Clause)
Make Germany Pay Large Reparations (BILLION$)
League of Nations
Tired of progressive reforms and foreign crusades
Other countries owed the US more money than the US owed them
HENRY CABOT LODGE--MAJOR PLAYER