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Chronicle of a Death Foretold IO
Transcript of Chronicle of a Death Foretold IO
"The brothers were brought up to be men. The girls had been reared to get married." Pg. 31
What do you think the author meant when he said they "were brought up to be men." How are boys raised to be men? Chapter 3 Labor-
Men: Butcher, Policeman, bar manager at night time, doctor, priest, soldier
Women: Maid, shop manager during the day, madame
"...everybody knew that the main door of Placida Linero's house was always barred on the inside, even during the daytime" pg 50
Do you think this is just coincidence or does this have to do with the cultural construction of a woman being safe at home?
"When you sacrifice a steer you don't dare look into its eyes." pg 52
A steer is a male cow or bull. The men would be the first to be killed, just how it was automatically seen as Santiago Nasar's fault that Angela's honor was taken.
Clotilde Armenta was trying to get someone to stop the twins and said they looked like children, which plays into a woman being nurturing and caring. pg. 55
Women had more intuition than men-Clotilde, Placida, Luisa Santiaga pg. 57 By: Gabriel Garcia Marquez By: Oscar Diaz
Danielle Villar Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 3 Continued Courting
“’He seemed too much of a man for me,’ she told me. Besides, Bayardo San Roman hadn’t even tried to court her, but had bewitched the family with his charm.” Pg. 34
“Her father, Poncio Vicario, was a poor man’s goldsmith, and he’d lost his sight from doing so much fine work in gold in order to maintain the honor of the house.” Pg.30
"Her caution seemed natural, because there was no public misfortune more shameful than for a woman to be jilted in her bridal gown. On the other hand, the fact that Angela Vicario dared put on the veil and the orange blossoms without being a virgin would be interpreted afterwards as a profanation of the symbols of purity.” Pg. 41 “Most of those who could have done something to prevent the crime and did not consoled themselves with the pretext that affairs of honor are sacred monopolies” (97) “The parents of Santiago Nasar and Flora Miguel had agreed that they should get married" (111) "And I didn't only agree, I never would have married him if he hadn't done what a man should do."- Page 62 "But he shaved with his butcher knife. Clotilde Armenta thought that was the height of machismo." - Page 63 The Need to be Drunk: "I thought they were so drunk" - Page 51 "They drank down the bottle in two long swigs." - Page 54 “At that moment they were comforted by the honor of having done their duty.” - Pg. 79 The ideas machismo and honor have huge implications on gender roles in Colombian society. A man’s duty in this society is to protect the honor of the family no matter the cost. A families social status depends on whether or not they can maintain the family's honor. Families that have lost their honor are viewed on as if they are in a lower class and do not have the same virtue as those who have honor. “It occurred to [Flora Miguel] that they would force [Santiago Nasar] to marry Angela Vicario in order to give her back her honor.” (112) “But it was an order from the mayor, and orders from that barbarian, stupid as they might have been, had to be obeyed.” Pg. 72 “Honor is love” (97)- narrators mother Do you agree or disagree that honor is equated with love? There is a high level of respect toward people of power and of the wealthy class in Colombian society due to influences from the era of colonization. Colombian society mocks Spanish society in that respect. Chapter 5 (Cont) In 1950’s Colombia, it was very common for parents to arrange the marriages of their children The bystanders who did nothing to stop the murder were victims of the machismo society because most of them had the opportunity to stop it, but reasoned that it was okay to have not gotten involved. Even from the first few pages of the novel, one word emerges as the most accurate descriptor of this Colombian village: Patriarchal "'The time has come for you to be tamed, he told her." - Page 9 "Angela Vicario, the beautiful girl who'd gotten married the day before, had been returned to the house of her parents because her husband had discovered that she wasn't a virgin." - Page 21 "She, on the other hand, didn't want to warn him because she was nothing but a frightened child at the time, incapable of a decision of her own." - Page 13 I was recovering from the wedding revels in the apostolic lap of Maria Alejandra Cervantes." - Page 5 As is shown by this quote, rape is often to be expected, especially by women of the lower classes, such as Divina Flor. It is often swept under the carpet, and ignored. Women are treated as if it is their obligation to give into the males around them. In fact, the issue got so serious that the International Campaign to Stop Rape and Gender Violence in Conflict stepped in:
"In the 1960's, the Colombian Army began moving through the country to seek out and prevent gender discrimination rooted within society that provides a culture for rape."
"Silence often prevails, with survivors of rape facing both stigma and fear of
reprisal attacks from their perpetrators"
Even though Divina Flor was not raped, and would not have been raped by a soldier, it just goes show that tensions between genders have always been prevalent in Columbia, even to the point that the government was forced to step in. In that society, it was an obligation of a deflowered woman to marry the man who deflowered her in order to get back her honor This is interesting, because it simultaneously degrades women, yet places them on a pedestal at the same time. On one hand, is says that women are nothing more than their quality, and that basically any non-virgins are useless (which is in stark contrast to the narrator, who wakes up in a brothel), however, it also says that women are important enough to be causation for another man's death. Also, I found it interesting that most, "honor killings" are against women. In a lot of cultures, Angela would have been the one getting killed. Yet, in this village, some may view Santiago as an honorable martyr who saved Angela's life, when she could have been the one killed to accomplish the same purpose. What do you think?
Was Santiago's murder a degradation of women (reducing them to no more than their "quality), or was it a veneration of women, by sparing Angela and killing Santiago instead? The fact that the narrator is a man plays into the reliability of this excerpt. The narrator is casually smoothing over the restrictions placed upon women. He says that Divina Flor didn't tell Santiago because she was so young. In reality, a boy her same age probably would have told. Its just because Divina Flor was a girl, and girls were meant to be seen and not heard, coupled with the fact that she probably didn't like him because he was trying to unfairly seduce her, which caused her to keep her mouth shut about the details of Santiago's imminent murder. Not only were women's rights and social abilities unfairly curtailed, but the rights of men were extended so far as to allow the Narrator to wake up in the lap of a prostitute the day after attending a wedding, and while engaged to Flora Miguel. The society does not even question this, as men have been doing basically whatever they want for 100's of years, so why stop now? Interactive Cross-Class Debate