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Connections: Enabling Technology

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Carson Cummins

on 9 June 2015

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Transcript of Connections: Enabling Technology

Within the topic of medical imaging, one that is already greatly taken for granted, the enabling technologies are the most forgotten. Not very often does one hear about the fiber optics running through an endoscope, or how decades of computer and software development allowed them to have a simple CT scan. Medical imaging could not exist even without the making of glass by the people of northwestern Iran in 2200 BC, or without Anton van Leeuwenhoek's creation of the optical microscope. The development of basic X-Ray scans, and all medical imaging devices, was reliant on centuries of prior scientific discovery.
Simply stated, materials science is the discovery and invention of new materials. It originated during the Enlightenment and involves various components of physics and chemistry. Restrictions in materials create an assortment of scientific issues, making advances in this field extremely valuable.
Materials Science
A fiber optic cable consists of a bundle of very small glass tubes. Fiber optic communication is a way to transmit information from one place to another by sending light pulses through the optical fiber. This method is used for communicating over a long distance. There are several advantages to using fiber optics over electric cables. They can transmit more information in a smaller tube than an electrical cable.
Fiber Optics
Connections: Enabling Technology
Carson, Jhamani, Sophia, Ella, Sean, and James R.
Computers have quite a substantial impact on every day society. They have allowed for efficiency in many people’s lives and places of work, especially medical fields. Computers allow us to see different point of views from other people, making it an influential part of society that can change our point of view. Over the years computers have advanced thoroughly from size to efficiency to speed. It has become a necessary aspect in many lines of work and many peoples life.
Software has always been a big part of imaging technology as it is the system that runs them. Still, software has also made advances in fields that have incredibly enhanced the way medicine is created and how it's used. Software has also allowed doctors to communicate and share medical records in new ways.
Sensors are based on the transmission of information, and were first used in thermostats. Sensors are tools that detect specific biological, chemical, or physical processes and then transmit or report this data. There are several sensors that have been developed and have pushed their way into new fields of technology, such as bio sensors, sensors that relay and receive images, and heat flux sensors.
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution brought great changes in manufacturing. New processes and machines were introduced, advancing efficiency and productivity.
Technological Popularization
The widespread use of technology introduced during the revolution pushed people to make further industrial advancements.
Fuel Efficiency
There has been drastic advancement in fuel efficiency in modern technology.
Bio Sensors
Bio sensors are analytical devices that convert biological reactions into measurable physio chemical signals which are proportional to analyte concentration
Image Relaying/Receiving Sensors
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
Heat Flux Sensors
A heat flux sensor is a transducer that generates an electrical signal proportional to the total heat rate applied to the surface of the sensor.
IBM/ Microsoft Cloud
The "cloud", as it’s called, is a digital bank of data that can't be deleted and can be accessed by whoever is allowed.
The creation of radiography paved the way for great advances in medical technologies because radiography has created scans that have been able to uncover many new things about our bodies functions as well as extent of them as well.
Syngo Imaging Software
Syngo is a multimodality reading solution built on a client-server platform.
MP3 Players
The MP3 Player was a significant advancement in technology. It allowed users who previously could only listen to music over the radio or records, to store and carry any song of choice in a small device.
World Wide Web
The World Wide Web is a large system of Internet Servers that can support HTML formatted pages. These pages can hold links to other pages, videos, and audios, and can easily be accessed by a click.
Computers Embedded in Submarines
Computers are used as navigation systems, weapons communications, the ability to control all parts and movements/speeds of the submarine, submarine sonars to track or avoid targets/objects.
Long Distance Telephone Lines
First they wanted to use radio waves to broadcast communications through antennas set up to receive the waves.
Endoscopes run by fiber optics are used to transmit pictures of organs and arteries. The shaft of the endoscope includes as many as 10,000 fibers.
Power Transmission
Power transmission through fiber optics gives us the ability to transmit unlimited amounts of energy without the use of electrical wires, something many never would’ve thought was possible.
Medical imaging systems have exponentially increased the life expectancy of people around the world. We are now enabled to see inside of bodies without the horrendous processes that such a necessary process used to require. Diagnostic tests are catching even the worst diseases early on enough to treat them. Without materials science, fiber optics, computers, software, and sensors, the human race would be nowhere near where it is today.
2200 BC
Glass lenses are invented in the Netherlands and are used in telescopes and microscopes.
Dmitri Mendeleev develops the Periodic Table of Elements.
Individual atoms are first viewed with the use of the field ion microscope.
The first systematic book on metallurgy is published by Vannoccio Biringuccio.
Materials Science: Timeline of Selected Events
Warren S. Johnson invented the first electric room thermostat
Tubular Protector for fluorescent light ballasts developed
Electronic controls for microwave oven introduced
Automotive passive entry system using an RFID-enabled key created
Sensors: Timeline of Selected Events
-Konrad Zuse developed and built the world's first binary digital computer, the Z1. He completed the first fully functional program-controlled electromechanical digital computer,called the Z3, in 1941.
-Grace Hopper completed the A-0 Compiler. In 1952, she completed what is considered to be the first compiler, a program that allows the computer user to use English-like words instead of numbers. Other compilers based on A-0 followed: ARITH-MATIC, MATH-MATIC and FLOW-MATIC [software]
-Thomas Kurtz and John Kemeny created BASIC, an easy-to-learn programming language, for their students at Dartmouth College.
-The RS-232-C standard for communication permitted computers and peripheral devices to transmit information serially so one bit at a time.
-Microsoft announced Word, originally called Multi-Tool Word, and Windows.
Software: Timeline of Selected Events
2400 BC
The abacus was invented in Babylonia.
Samuel Morse invents Morse Code
Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine, and upon building in, cracks the German Enigma code.
The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito.
IBM introduces the first word processor
Jacques Babinet reports light guiding in water jets and bent glass rods in Paris
Dr. Roth and Prof. Reuss of Vienna use bent glass rods to illuminate body cavities.
Heinrich Lamm, a medical student, assembles the first bundle of transparent fibers to carry an image (of an electric lamp filament) in Munich.
Hirschowitz is first to test fiber-optic endoscope in a patient.
Single-mode fiber spreads across America to carry long-distance telephone signals at 400 million bits per second and up.

Fiber Optics: Timeline of Selected Events
Computers: Timeline of Selected Events
Glass is invented by individuals in northwestern Iran.
Cambridge Instruments introduces a commercial scanning electron microscope.
Syngo in Connection with Medical Imaging
Fiber Optics and Drug Testing
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