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Transcript of Pythagoras
Who Was Pythagoras?
Pythagoras was an Ionian Greek philosopher and mathematician. He is also famous for founding the religious movement Pythagoreanism, and is credited for proving the Pythagorean Theorem.
Birth of Pythagoras
Pythagoras was born c. 570 BC, to father Mnesarchus and mother Pythais, as sources claim. He was born on the Greek Island of Samos, in the Aegean Sea.
Early Life in Samos
Pythagoras was a well educated man, who was thought to be able to play the lyre, knowing poetry and reciting Homer.
His work was thought to be greatly influenced by men like Pherekydes, Thales and Anaximander.
Life in Croton, Italy
Around 530 BC, Pythagoras moved to Croton, in southern Italy.
This is thought to be due to the tyranny of Polycrates, who had seized control of Samos.
In Croton, he established a philosophical school where his followers worked and lived.
His followers were known as 'Pythagoreans' or mathematikoi. It is here that is it thought Pythagoras proved his famous 'Pythagorean Theorem'.
Many historians have also considered that many of Pythagoras's theories weren't that of his own; they were theories of his followers, credited as his.
Map of Samos
Painting of Pythagoras
Sculpted Face of Pythagoras
He was thought to have been interested in areas like mathematics, music, astronomy and philosophy.
Around 535 BC, he moved to Egypt to study with their priests. Not much of Pythagoras's early life is known, as he wrote nothing.
Egypt 500 BC
Map of Southern Italy: Croton
Pythagoras founded an entire religious movement that influenced many of his followers and non-followers into his way of thinking which was inducing a new way of life for many of the Ancient Greeks and taught them many things they didn't know.
Pythagoras's various theories, while obviously contributing to mathematics in ancient Greece, has also contributed to Western Society and the present.
Many of the theories of Pythagoras have assisted in the technological advance and development in science in the modern world.
Pythagoras's way of thinking has also influenced the beliefs of many of those in the modern world, and his legacy continues to live on, despite his death around 495 BC.
Pythagoras' followers carried out the religious rites and practices developed by him and also studied his philosophical theories.
Their active role in the politics of Croton eventually led to their downfall. All Pythagorean meeting places were burned and so was his home which caused him to flee the city and it is said that he died in Metapontum.