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The Necklace, by Guy de

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Felicia Galvan

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of The Necklace, by Guy de

The Necklace, by Guy de Maupassant
Summary
"The Necklace" by Guy de Maupassant is a short story about a rich woman by the name of Mathilde Loisel marrying a poor clerk in the Ministry of Education. She is unsatisfied with her life as she was used to the high life. One day her husband brought home an invitation to a fancy ball.
Plot Diagram
Sources Cited
http://www.sparknotes.com/short-stories/the-necklace/
http://www.americanliterature.com/author/guy-de-maupassant/bio-books-stories
http://www.biography.com/people/guy-de-maupassant-37772
Henri Ren Albert Guy de Maupassant
He is considered one fathers of modern short stories.
Born in 1850 and died in 1893.
He fought in the Franco-Prussian War and he used war as the setting in many of his stories because of his self-experience.
He suffered from mental illness and attempted to commit suicide and went to a private asylum
He wrote over 300 short stories and six novels.
Obviously Maupassant
Look at that mustache
Fancy suit there Maupassant
Instead of crying for joy, she cried for sadness, as she had no dress to wear to the ball. Her husband gave her 400 francs and she bought herself a decent dress, but still mourned to her husband that she has no jewelry to wear, she would look plain in the midst of the rich women. He suggested that she go ask to borrow something from her friend, and return it after the ball.
She chooses a diamond necklace to borrow for the ball, and off she went to dance. She drank and danced and fulfilled herself with happiness, and even caught the other ministers staring at her. After the ball had ended, she and her husband called a carriage to take them home.
When she and her husband got home, she felt around her neck and panicked, for the necklace wasn't there. They looked all over the roads and couldn't find it, and they knew that it was still on the carriage. She cried and said that they would have to pay her back at least 36,000 francs. Her husband already had 18,000 left behind from upper generations, so they had to borrow the rest. It tooks them ten years to pay off the debt, and one day, she saw her friend again. She cried out to her, but her friend no longer recognized her as she worked hard over the years and aged. She told her that she was the one who borrowed the necklace, and payed back the 36,000 that they owed. The friend took her hand and said " 'Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was imitation. It was worth at the very most five hundred francs! . . .' "
Exposition
In the short story, "The Necklace" written by Guy de Maupassant, The story took place in the 1800's in France and engages in the feeling of desperation and jealousy. There is the main character Madame Mathilde Loisel who is the woman who was born into a rich family but married a man of lower status, Mr. Ramponneau, who is the Minister of Education. From the start of the story, we can tell that Mrs. Loisel is not content with her life, as she was expecting a higher class living. In the beginning, the story had much imagery, describing Mathilde's dream of the high life.
Theme
The theme of this short story is "The deceptiveness of appearances" telling us that we shouldn't worry too much about our looks, it'll bring us to ruin. Madam Loisel was so caught up with worrying about her appearance and looking presentble at the party. When they went through all the trouble to pay back the necklace, they found out it wasn't worth as much as originally thought. Perhaps Mathilde would still look beautiful if she had the guts to tel her dear friend what happened, when it happened, rather than waiting.
3rd Person
The reason the author used 3rd person is because if he made Madame Loisel the narrator then she would sound more snotty then she is now. The author is also the narrator of the story, and he is a reliable one too.
The main characters of this story is Madame Loisel, as the narrator focuses on a specific part of Madame Loisel's life. In the story, she is the one that lost the necklace , and the one who messed everything up.
"The Necklace"
Rising Action
The rising action began when Mathilde's husband came home with the invitation to accompany the Minister of Education and Madam Ramponneau. After an outburst from Mathilde, her husband gave her some money to buy a dress. ALong with the dress, she borrowed a necklace and went to the ball and danced, drank, and chatted with other people.
Climax
The climax of the story was achieved when Mathilde had lost her necklace after they had gotten out of their carriage from the ball and they couldn't find it. She and her husband came to an agreement that they had to pay for the diamond necklace that they had lost, worth 36,000 francs.
Falling Action
The falling action came in the story after the couple decided to pay for the lost necklace. They worked for ten years to pay off the debt that they owed, 18,000 francs.
Resolution
The resolution was when after the ten years of hard work to pay off their debt, Mathilde went for a walk and saw Madame Jeanne. She struck a conversation with her and when Mathilde told Jeanne about the debt and the necklace, Jeanne said it was worth at the most only a mere 500 francs. The story had dramatic irony and had a tragedy, as the character spent many years working, only to have the necklace worth a smaller amount than originally thought.
Full transcript