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The Ultimate Russian Scientists Project
Transcript of The Ultimate Russian Scientists Project
Bedford Middle School Vladimir Vernadsky Stepan Makarov Leonhard Euler Vladimir Vernadsky was born in Russia in 1863.
He was raised by Russian and Ukrainian parents.
He was the founder of the Ukrainian Academy of
Sciences. Vernadsky is considered one of the founders
of geochemistry, bio geochemistry, and radio-geology.
He used machines to identify the properties of crystals.
He died in 1945. Stepan Makarov was born in Russia in 1849.
He served as an Admiral in the Russian Navy. He fought
in the Russo-Turkish war, and the Russo-Japanese
war. Later, he designed the world's first icebreaker,
the SS Yermak. The Yermak had a strengthened hull and could break through 2 meters of thick ice. Makarov died in 1904. Leonhard Euler was born in Switzerland in 1707.
He later moved to St. Petersburg, Russia. He worked in
many fields, including geometry, infinitesimal calculus, trigonometry, algebra, number theory, continuum physics, and lunar theory. Euler introduced modern notation for trigonometric functions. Some of his techniques are still used today. He died in 1783. These Scientists led very different lives.
Here is a venn diagram comparing and
contrasting their remarkable lives. Makarov Vernadsky Euler Born in Russia Naval
commander Born in Switzerland Lived in Russia Made mathematical
discoveries Polymath Never lived
to see World
Wars Studied aspects of
the Earth Made first
wars The achievement of Admiral Stepan Makarov
had a large affect on the world today. Let's
now get a little more in depth about icebreakers. One use for icebreakers is for exploration.
In the 19th century, for example, a Russian
icebreaker set out on a voyage to chart
uncharted areas of the North sea. If not for
icebreakers, we might not know what lies
beyond the land that we already know. Another use for icebreakers is that it might
break ice so that ships can sail through
areas of thick ice. If there were no icebreakers,
then trade across borders might falter,
because it would be harder for trade ships to
reach other countries. If trade stopped, we
wouldn't be able to import goods we need. Ice breakers are also used to save whales.
Whales are an endangered species, due
to whaling. Sometimes, if whales are trapped
in ice, it's up to the icebreakers to save
them. If icebreakers weren't around, then
whales trapped in ice couldn't be saved,
and whales would eventually become
extinct. Some ships sailing in Northern icy areas
might get stuck in ice. Icebreakers are
able to rescue them, though. If icebreakers
did not exist, then ships sailing through
icy areas would be unsafe and icebreakers
would not be able to rescue them. Many
sailors would die. In January, 2012, Nome, Alaska, was having
sivere weather conditions. Temperatures
were below freezing. They had a fuel shortage,
so a Russian fuel tanker, the Renda, was sent
to help. It had to cross thick Baltic sea ice, so
the Healy, a U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker,
helped it along. If not for icebreakers, then
the people of Nome might not be alive. If not for the discoveries of these
scientists, the world would not
be the same.