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01_OB_Introduction

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by

David Broadstock

on 15 April 2016

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Transcript of 01_OB_Introduction

Organizational
behavior

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The course aims at introducing students to the core principles of Organizational Behavior (OB). The course recognizes that to provide students with a strong foundation in OB that it is necessary for them to have a strong understanding of the theoretical foundations of the subject.

On completion of this course a student should have obtained:

An understanding of the theoretical foundations of organization behavior

An ability to apply the theories to real world situations, to help manage/improve organizational cultures and at the same time maintain company performance.




1. Understand what organizations are, what they are comprised of and how they differ in structure;

2. Establish the foundations of human psychology as they relate to an organization and the behavior of individuals in an organization;

3. Demonstrate the natural dynamics that exist within an organization, underpinning the importance of OB as a tool to manage organizational change; and

4. Show how the tools of OB can be used to sustain and even improve the performance outcomes of an organization

The topics and issues covered in this course provide the student with a strong foundation of the fundamentals of OB that will help them in all of their future studies and subsequent career.
Course outline
Established the course outline

Outlined the theoretical foundations of organizational behavior
Summary of learning outcomes
The course can be summarized into four components:
The course broadly follows the topics outlined in Fred Luthans
Organizational Behavior: An Evidence-Based Approach
(2011) 12th edition:

1. Environmental and organizational context

2. Cognitive processes of organizational behavior

3. Dynamics of organizational behavior

4. Managing and leading for high performance
Key course reading
Although organizational behavior is extremely complex and includes many inputs and dimensions, the cognitive, behavioristic, and social cognitive theories can be used to develop an overall framework.
The theoretical foundations of OB
I want you to show me your capaility and aptitude towards issues of organizational behavior

15%
Homeworks
25%
Group Term Paper
10%
Presentations
40%
Final Exam
10%
Attendance (zero tolerance)

Assessment for this class
1. Introduction
2. Environmental context: globalization, diversity and ethics
3. Organizational context: Design and culture
4. Organizational context: Reward systems
5. Personality, perception and employee attittudes
6. Motivational needs, processes and applications
7. Positive organizational behavior and psychological capital
8. Presentations
Broad topic outline
I will aim to diversify the delivery mechanism is much as posisble

Standard lectures

Workshop sessions for greater interaction

Video snippets/contributed lectures for diversity

Course webpage
Delivery method
It helps to begin by motivating the need to understand organizations in the context of organizational change

The challenges facing management
||
Undergoing a paradigm shift
||
A new perspective for management
A precursor
These innovative studies challenged perceptions on the importance of the working environment

A simple exercise importantly demonstrated a money consequence of altering the working environment for employees

From this more focused attention was placed on the study and analysis of work environments, the effects of which directly reflect within modern day workplaces
THE HAWTHORNE STUDIES
9. Communication and decision making
10. Stress and conflict
11. Power and politics
12. Groups and teams
13. Behavioural performance management
14. Effective leadership processes
15. Great leaders: Some evidence
16. Review
Organization
Theory
Organizational
Behaviour
Human Resource
Management
Organization
development
Theoretical
work
Applied
work
Macro
Micro
OB in context
"Organizational behavior can be defined as the
understanding, prediction, and management of human
behavior in organizations."

-- The language of OB is more 'abstract' than some other areas
A basic overview of the theories
The cognitive framework
The
cognitive approach emphasizes
the
positive
and
freewill
aspects of human behavior and uses concepts such as expectancy, demand, and intention.

Cognition
, which is the basic unit of the cognitive framework, can be
simply defined as the
act of knowing

an item of information.

Under this framework,
cognitions precedes behavior
and constitutes input into the persons thinking, perception, problem solving, and information processing.

Edward Tolman found that animals learned to expect that certain events would follow one another.
Behavioristic framework
B. F. Skinner:

"found through his
operant conditioning
experiments that the consequences of a response could better explain most behaviors than eliciting stimuli could.”

He emphasized the importance of the
response-stimulus (R-S) relationship
.

The preceding
stimulus
does not cause the behavior in operant conditioning; it
serves as a cue to emit the behavior
.

Skinner therefore Introduces the element of learning, beyond the simple concept of memory of Tolman
The Social cognitive framework
From social learning to a social cognitive theory
The more recent extensions consider the fact that individuals can self regulate behaviour
The key element here is the more explicit dynamic interaction with other members of the organization
Instructor
David C. Broadstock
Teaching assistant
To be confirmed...
Overnight - to present in tomorrow mornings class:

Who is your favorite leader from business? Why...?
[choose one only]

Who else do you draw inspiration from and why?
[May be more than one]
Full transcript