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Criminal Law of Canada
Transcript of Criminal Law of Canada
Criminal Law of Canada
Passed in 1892
Presumption of Innocence
Anyone charged with an offense is considered innocent until the prosecution can prove otherwise.
Some charges include:
In the court
Breaking a criminal law is considered an offense against the Crown
Making of laws
Cabinet discusses a bill which then
goes to the House of Commons. After three readings it is sent to Senate, and finally the Governor General signs it.
Deals with matters that affect society
as a whole
Lawyers representing the crown are called the prosecution
Lawyers defending the accused party are called the defense
Trial - A formal examination of evidence by a judge, typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings
Sentencing - Declaring the punishment for the accused party
Important Criminal Laws
Bail - property or money given as sureness that a
person released from custody will return at an appointed time.
Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
Canadian Evidence Act
Food and Drugs Act
Youth Criminal Justice Act
Is Canada's federal drug control law
List of drugs in Canada's Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
Cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, PCP, meth
Registration of a firearm in Canada has been a problem for a long time.
A license is required to obtain a gun
Is an Act concerning food, drugs, cosmetics, and therapeutic devices
As of April 2012 there is no longer a
long gun registry in Canada
The act was passed in 1920, and was changed in 1985
This act attempts to make sure that food and drugs are safe in Canada
Is an act that controls the rules of evidence in the federal court
No person under the age of 12 may be committed for an offense
It was passed in 1893
It was created by the Federal Parliament
The act only applies to Federal Law, and not provincial
Kids between the ages 13-17 can be tried as adults if the crime is serious enough (such as murder).
The 3 basic points of the YCJA are: Accountability, Rehabilitation, and Reintegration