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An Educating Presentation

L Kit

on 14 September 2010

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Transcript of Pronouns

By: Luk Ming Kit A0074064 ES1102: Pronouns Overview Singular Plural



A Pronoun is basically a type of word used to replace a noun to avoid repeating
the same noun over & over again while still retaining its original meaning. e.g. John brushed John's teeth and rinsed John's mouth, John looked into the mirror and found a pimple on John's face. Questions?
ES1102 Pronoun Reference References A form that substitues a group of words that indicate a possesion relation E.g. This your wallet = This is yours
My salad is on the table = Mine is on the table [ Subject = Object ] of the verb Reflexive I Myself

We Ourselves

You Yourself, Yourselves

He Himself

She Herself

They Themselves

It Itself Subjective Selves (Plural)
Self (Singular) Reflexive Pronouns E.g. Keep in Mind: [ Subject ] = [ Object ] John paddled himself across the lake I saw myself in the mirror She was so fed up with herself They imagined themselves at the beach Note A form used as the subject of a verb First Person: I We Second Person: You
Third Person: He She They It e.g I played basketball with.... e.g. You played basketball with .... Subjective Pronouns Subjective Pronouns Subjective Pronouns e.g. They played basketball with... Subjective Pronouns e.g. John looked into the mirror = He looked into the mirror A form used as the target of a verb [Subjective Pronoun] {Verb} [Objective Pronoun] Initiator of the verb Target of the verb Objective Pronouns E.g We played basketball with him. objective verb Subjective Subject is not = the Object Objective Pronouns
He played basketball with us. She hates to play basketball with them.
They hate to play basketball with her. Note Distinguished from Subjective Pronouns Subjective Objective I Me

We Us

You You

He Him

She Her

They Them

It It Possesive Pronouns E.g. That ball is mine Hers is below the christmas tree Theirs didn't score well The dog is his my ball Her present Their paper I Mine

We Ours

You Yours

He His

She Hers

They Theirs

It Its Subjective Possesive Note "Its" is not = "It's" "It's" is a contracted form of "It is" His dog Personal Pronouns Singular Plural

Possesive I, You, He, She, It We, You, They

Me, You, Him, Us, You, Them
Her, It

Myself, Yourself, Himself, Ourselves, Themselves,
Herself, Itself Yourselves Mine, Yours His Ours, Theirs,
Hers, Its Yours Singular Plural

Indefinite Anybody, Everybody Several, Both
One, Everyone Few, Many A form that replaces nouns without specifying which noun they replace Courtesy of Wiki another – Thanks, I'll have another.
anybody – Anybody can see the truth.
anyone -anyone can see this
anything-Anything can happen if you just believe
each – From each according to his ability, to each according to his need.
either – Either will do.
enough – Enough is enough.
less – Less is known about this period of history.
little – Little is known about this period of history.
much – Much was discussed at the meeting.
neither – In the end, neither was selected.
no one
one – One might see it that way.
other – One was singing while the other played the piano.
plenty – Thanks, that's plenty.
somebody – Somebody has to take care of it.
someone – Someone should fix that.
something – Something makes me want to dance. Singular both – Both are guilty.
few – Few were chosen.
fewer – Fewer are going to church these days.
many – Many were chosen.
others – Others can worry about that.
several – Several were chosen.
they (in informal usage, in the sense of "people in general") – They say that smoking is bad for you. Plural Singular or Plural all – All is lost.
any – Any will do.
more – More is better.
most – Most would agree.
none – None of those people is my father. None of those people are related to me.[2]
some – Some of the cake has been eaten. Some of the biscuits have been eaten.
such – Such is life.
E.g. Everyone in the company is entitled a free drink Reflexive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns Possesive Pronouns Possesive Pronouns Not specifying who (e.g John, Tom, Mary) Somebody ought to do something about this Indefinite Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns Question: How do we know whether is it singular or plural for a indefinite pronoun Plural - Both, Few, Many, Others
always plural

Singular - Pronouns that end in -one and -body E.g. Someone, Everybody It depends on how they are used in the sentence Singular Plural

Demonstrative This, That These, Those Can behave as pronoun or adjective Demonstrative Pronouns Used to point out what is refered to E.g. This is so delicious! That is so the expensive The pancake right infront of me The bag behind the glass panel This/These
is used when refering to something
is used when refering to something CLOSE FAR

Relative Who, Whom, Which, Whose, That Cannot be used if there was no mention of the object/concept earlier E.g. The invention shows this principle is true Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Used to link phrases or clauses to other phrases or clauses Relative Pronouns E.g The person who called me last night Mr Ravin, whom I like very much... The car which hit her was yellow John, whose dog had just passed away...

Interrogative Who, Whom, What, Which, Whose Relative Pronouns Also known as the wh-word Integrrogative Pronouns Most words start with wh- but there exist a "how" (not pro-noun) Used in questions Integrrogative Pronouns E.g What time is it? Who are you? Whose book does this belongs to? Integrrogative Pronouns Summary Personal Pronouns Possesive Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Relative Pronouns Subjective Pronouns Objective Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns
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