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The British Isles
Transcript of The British Isles
It's the capital of England and the capital of the United Kingdom. It is in the South-East of England on the river Thames. It has a population of 8 million people, from all over the world. The City is the commercial district with lots of skyscrapers, banks, offices. Queen Elizabeth II lives in Buckingham palace and the Prime Minister lives at 10, Downing Street.
Famous sights in London
The countryside: Cornwall
It's the south-west PENINSULA of the ISLAND of Great Britain.
to the north and west by the Celtic Sea
to the south by the English Channel
to the East by the county of Devon
WORLD SITE HERITAGE
since 1997, it's in the district of London. Here you can step on the
, officially established in 1884. Also
GREENWICH MEAN TIME (GMT)
-originally referred to the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich- is adopted as the
global time standard.
A visit to the British Isles
You can reach Ireland or Great Britain by ferry (boat), by plane, or by train (travelling under the English Channel).
Coasts and the Interior
Along the north coast there are very high CLIFFS and some stretches of golden SAND (St.Ives, Bude), there are ESTUARIES with natural HARBOURS. In the south there are are beaches of sand and SHINGLES with ROCKS. In the interior there is an infertile exposed upland (Bodmin MOOR), surrounded by pastoral green FARMLAND and HILLS.
The British Isles
Great Britain and Ireland are the British Isles.
Let's go visit them!
It's exposed to the full force of the WINDS blowing in from the Atlantic Ocean. It's WET, but MILD and this condition is positive for the growing of flora in the south. In summer there's light until 11.00 p.m.
windy and cloudy weather
Estuary in Boscastle
Bodmin Moor with menhirs
Cities and economy
Truro is the only CITY, an important TOWN is St. Austell, there are many fishing VILLAGES. Some roads are very narrow. Cornwall was an important
(tin, copper, lead, zinc, silver, deposits of China clay).
is very important (sardines),
for VEGETABLES, there is
CATTLE and SHEEP-BREEDING
sleep in nice B&B or country houses
walk on coastal paths in the Cornish Riviera
visit ancient buildings
eat typical food
Capital City :
Cardiff, population 348,493
Other major towns/cities:
First Minister of Wales:
Carwyn Jones AM (Assembly Member)
Patron Saint :
Pounds sterling (£)
Snowdon (The tomb)
It’s the highest mountain in
England and Wales at 1085m
Wales has a moderate climate, very similar to the rest of the UK, but it can also be slightly unpredictable!
Snowdonia National Park
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park
Brecon Beacons National Park
Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom (UK) and occupies the northern third of Great Britain. Scotland’s mainland shares a border with England to the south. It is home to almost 800 small islands, including the northern isles of Shetland and Orkney, the Hebrides, Arran and Skye.
The highest mountain is the Ben Nevis (1344m) and the largest lake is Loch Lomond. The most famous lake is Loch Ness. Scotland is divided in HIGHLANDS and LOWLANDS. The capital is Edimburgh. Other important cities are Glasgow and Inverness.
Economy: oil and gas, whisky, salmon fishing, shipbuilding, textile production,tourism.
The Edimburgh Festival
It's part of the UK. The capital is Belfast. The majority of the people are protestants. There were rebellions of terrorist groups and riots with Catholics in the past.
Complete the filefact:
Lakes and rivers:
the Giant's causeway
It is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption.
It is located in County Antrim on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland, northeast of the town of Bushmills. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986, and a national nature reserve in 1987.
The tops of the columns form stepping stones that lead from the cliff foot and disappear under the sea. Most of the columns are hexagonal, although there are also some with four, five, seven or eight sides. The tallest are about 12 meters high.
It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Northern Ireland.
According to legend, the columns are the remains of a causeway built by a giant. The Irish giant Finn MacCool was challenged to a fight by the Scottish giant Benandonner. Finn accepted the challenge and built the causeway across the North Channel to meet his enemy. In one version of the story, Finn defeats Benandonner. In another, Finn hides from Benandonner. Fionn's wife disguises Finn as a baby and puts him in a cradle. When Benandonner sees the size of the 'baby', he reckons that its father, Finn, must be a giant among giants. He flees back to Scotland in fright, destroying the causeway behind him so that Finn could not follow. Across the sea, there are identical basalt columns (a part of the same ancient lava flow) in a Cave on the Scottish isle of Staffa.
Republic of Ireland
It's in the North- west of Europe
It's surrounded by the sea and borders with Northern Ireland
It's called the Emerald Isle, because it's very green (it rains a lot)
Cities: Dublin, Cork, Galway
Rivers: Shannon, Boyle, Liffey
Economy: metals, gas, fishing (trouts, salmon)
Ireland: photos and symbols
The Book of Kells
See you soon!