Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


In-Text Citations and Quotation Setup

Mr. Bombier's Grade 10 English, Grammar Lesson

Karan Tibriwal

on 6 March 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of In-Text Citations and Quotation Setup

3 Common Forms
- Modern Language Association (MLA) style
- American Psychological Association (APA) style
- Chicago style
Print Sources with Known Author
- Author's last name and page number within parentheses
- If two authors have the same last name, include the first initial
- Comes after the quotation
Print Sources with Unknown Author
Online Resources
Same as book/print
No distinction
author's last name, year of publication, page number and (potentially) chapter/paragraph number
MLA Format
Parenthetical Citations
E.g. "Sniff with your wisdom-nose" (Rumi 258).
- If author is already mentioned in sentence, only page number needed
Usually used in papers related to liberal arts and humanities
Print Sources by Corporate Author
- If by a corporate author, parentheses should include corporation name and page number
- Corporation name should be abbreviated if too long
E.g. "We are awesome" (Nat'l Post 447).
E.g. "He was like a giant broken and badly reassembled" ("Notre-Dame de Paris" 75).
- In parentheses, include title in quotations and page number
- If title is too long, it can be shortened
Print Sources with Multiple Authors
- Print source with 4 or more authors
- Within parentheses, include first author's last name followed by "et al."* and page number
E.g. "Mr. Bombier is awesome" (Tang et al. 65).
APA Format
Parenthetical Citations
Usually used used to cite sources within the social sciences
*Et al. is from the Latin word "et alia", meaning "and others"
Indirect Citations
- Citing a source within another source
- In parentheses, begin with "qtd in"* and name the author and page number of source visited
Chicago Format
Parenthetical Citations
No specific use - use when necessary/specified
- *qtd. in stands for "quoted in"
E.g. Donovan Kwong agrees that "people should die in glory" (qtd. in Saad 45).
(In-Text Citations)
- Author's last name and year of publication

- include page number and/or chapter, paragraph or section numbers IF NECESSARY

- use commas in between year of publication, pages, chapters, or paragraph numbers

e.g (Ogilvie 1998, 26-28) would be embedded into a sentence
online resources without page number
put paragraph or chapter number instead
multiple authors:
include all names (unless more than four) - put et.al. after first author
no publication date - n.d (no detail)
How to do, "Quotation Setup."

Human beings have been described as
Judith Thurman believes romantic poetry is,
The following is said by Aamir Tahir:
1. Punctuation before Quotation Varies
2. Insert Quote
Human beings are described as "symbol-using animals."
*symbol-using animals* is quote

Judith Thurman believes good poetry is "where the ghosts of the word dwell."

*where the ghost of the word dwell* quote
3. Any Punctuation Ending Quote
punctuation inside quotations unless it is followed by parenthetical citation
If so, punctuation follows the parentheses

Human being are described as "symbol-using animals," ...

Judith Thurman believes good poetry is "where the ghosts of the word dwell."

Web/Electronic Sources
- No parentheses needed
- Include first item of citation in the Works Cited area into the text
- No page numbers needed
- Parenthetical citations if paragraph number included
- Must include Author's last name, date of publication and page number

Proper Form:
"The fox jumps over the fence" (Smith, 2012, p. 17).

Smith (2012) believes that "the fox represents cunning and deceptiveness" (p. 17).
E.g. Karan Tibriwal has concluded that he "desperately needs a girlfriend" (par. 2).
A direct quote involves copying exact words or phrases from your source material
Print Sources with Known Author:
Direct Quote
- Must include Author's last name and date of publication

Proper Form:
The fox represents his cunning and deceptiveness (Smith, 2012).

Smith (2012) believes that the fox represents cunning and deceptiveness.
paraphrasing involves summarizing someone else's ideas or thoughts into your own words
Print Sources with Known Author:
- Use "p." before page numbers
- Use "para." before paragraph numbers
Print Sources by Corporate Author
- substitute author with organization name
- if needed, the name can be mentioned in one citation and abbreviated in all others

First citation:
"The cow jumped over the moon" (World Health Organization, 2014).

other citations:
"The mouse ran up the clock" (WHO, 2015).

Print Sources with Multiple Authors
For 1-2 authors
- Cite all authors
( Smith & Johnson, 2012)

For 3-5 authors
- Cite all authors for the first citation
- then cite only the first + et al.
First citation: (Smith, Johnson, Baker, & Lee, 2012)
Next citations: (Smith et al., 2012)

For 5+ authors
- Cite only the first + et al.
(Smith et al., 2012)
Multiple Print Sources
- include citations for all sources used separated by semicolons
- arranged in same order as bibliography

"Jack fell down and broke his crown" (Roberts, 2000, p. 50; Smith, 2003, p. 83)

- if the authors share the same last include first initials

"Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall" (G. Carter, 2012, p.12; H. Carter, 2005, p. 8)
Print Sources with Unknown Author
- substitute the author's name with the title or atleast the first few words of the title
- if the author is sourced as "Anonymous", use Anonymous as the author (even in the bibliography)

- Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined
- Titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.

Citing Unknown Dates

- substitute the date with "n.d."

n.d. = no date

n.d. = no date
Indirect Citations
- add primary source in the actual text
- cite the secondary source in parenthesis

"Johnson argued that the itsy bitsy spider survived the fall" (as cited in Rogers, 2004, p.12)
Different Types of Sources
- web sources, print sources, and other sources all adhere to the format of

(title, date, p.#)
If citation is not mentioned in text, include in parentheses author's last name, comma, title of article in quotations
E.g. The world is "falling into a sort of hell" (Tahir, "The Devil").
Full transcript